Bio Unit 10

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sccf5
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1433
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Bio Unit 10
Updated:
2009-11-23 11:27:28
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bioglogy
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KINGDOMS
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  1. MONERA
    • Prokaryotic and single-celled
    • Have cell walls
    • Some are heterotrophic by absorption (bacteria)
    • some are autotrophic (blue-green algae)
  2. PROTISTA
    • Eukaryotic and single-celled
    • Paramecium
    • heterotrophic by ingestion
    • has cilia
    • Amoeba
    • heterotrophic by ingestion
    • forms pseudopods
    • Euglena
    • autotrophic
    • has a flagellum
  3. FUNGI
    • Eukaryotic and Multi-Cellular
    • Heterotrophic by absorption (e.g. mushrooms, bread mold)
    • have cell walls
    • Structures: hyphae, mycelium, sporangium, gills, spores
  4. PLANTAE
    • Eukaryotic and multi-cellular
    • Autotrophic
    • Have cell walls
  5. PLANTAE
    Phylum Broyophyta
    (
    mosses)
    • no vascular tissue
    • spores; non-seed producing
  6. PLANTAE
    Phylum Pterophyta
    (ferns)
    • vascular tissue
    • spores; non-seed producing
  7. PLANTAE
    Phylum Coniferophyta

    (pines and firs)
    • vascular tissue
    • seed producing
    • cones
  8. PLANTAE
    Phylum Anthophyta
    (roses, redwoods, vegetables, fruits, shrubs, trees)
    • vascular tissue
    • seed producing
    • flowers
  9. KINGDOM ANIMALIA
    • Eukaryotic and multi-cellular
    • Hetertrophic by ingestion
  10. ANIMALIA
    phylum Porifera
    (sponges)
    • sessile
    • filter feeders
    • no coelom and not segmented
  11. ANIMALIA
    phylum Plathelminthes

    (tapeworms, flukes, planaria)
    • no coelom and not segmented
    • some are parasites (e.g. tapeworms and flukes)
    • some non-parasitic (e.g. planaria, which ingests food throuhg proboscis)
  12. ANIMALIA
    phylum Annelida

    (earthworms, leeches)
    • coelom
    • segmented body
  13. ANIMALIA
    phylum Mollusca
    • coelom
    • mantle
    • not segmented
  14. ANIMALIA
    phylum Arthropoda

    (insects, spiders, millipedes, lobsters, crayfish, flies)
    • exoskelton
    • jointed appendages
    • coelom
    • segmented body
  15. ANIMALIA
    phylum Echinodermata

    (starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sand dollars)
    • "spiny skin"
    • five-fold symmetry
    • coelom
    • not segmented
    • not jointed
  16. ANIMALIA
    phylum Chordata

    (amphioxus, reptiles, fish, mammals, amphibians, birds)
    • dorsal nerve cord
    • notochord
    • pharyngeal gill slits
    • coelom
    • not segmented
    • many have jointed appendages
  17. bacilli
    rod-shaped bacterial cells
  18. cocci
    spherical bacterial cells
  19. cone
    reproductive organ in conifers, consiting of specialized leaves that bear reproductive structures
  20. coelom
    internal body cavity in certain animal phyla
  21. eukaryote
    cell that
  22. autotrophic
    able to manufacture organic molecules from inorganic materials
  23. classification
    process of sorting objects into categories for purposes of identification
  24. exoskeleton
    rigid outer covering of certain animals (e.g. arthropods and many molluscs)
  25. flow chart
    graphic representation of a classification procedure
  26. flower
    reproductive organ of anthophytes, consisting of specialized leaves for protection, pollinator attraction, and gamete production
  27. heterotrophic
    unable to manufacture organic molecules from inorganic materials; must obtain organic molecules by absorption or ingestion
  28. hypha
    elongated, cylindrical cell type found in fungi
  29. kingdom
    highest category in the hierarchy of biological calssification
  30. mantle
    tissue that secretes the shell in molluscs
  31. Multicellular
    condition of organism composed of several, interdepenednt cells
  32. mycelium
    mass of thread-like hyphae; forms body of a fungus
  33. notochord
    rod-shaped structure that provides support in all chordates
  34. phylum
    taxonomic category that recognizes the major types of animals
  35. prokaryote
    cell that lacks membrane-bound organelles, though it does include organelles such as ribosomes
  36. seed
    structure containing embryo and food source for developing plant
  37. species
    fundamental unit of biological classification
  38. spirilla
    spiral-shaped bacterial cells
  39. spore
    reproductive cell, capable of porducing new indivudal by itself
  40. sporangium
    spore-bearing structure found in carious fungi
  41. taxonomy
    branch of biology dealing with the names organicims and their classification
  42. vascular tissue
    specialized cells that provide structural support and internal transport in certain plants (e.g. tracheophytes)

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