pharm 16

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
143305
Filename:
pharm 16
Updated:
2012-03-23 05:49:14
Tags:
antibiotics
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Description:
pharm 16
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  1. cephalosporins
    • related to penicillin
    • cef/ceph prefix
    • 1st gen more eff. against gram +
    • 4th gen more eff. against gram -
  2. tetracycline
    • broad spectrum
    • -cycline suffix
    • discolors teeth; contraindicted for pregnant and kids < 8
    • treats lyme and rocky mountain spotted fever
  3. erythromycin
    • -mycin suffix
    • used when pts are penicllin sensitive
    • eff. against gram +
    • respiratory infeections
  4. quinolone
    • synthetic
    • respiratory, GI and STDs
    • need high serum concentration
    • contraindicted with anticoagulants
    • -ofloxacin suffix
    • bacteria become resistant quickly
    • long half life
  5. aminoglycosides
    may cause ototoxicity (hearing loss)
  6. sulfonamide
    • synthetic that resembles PABA (bacterial enzyme)
    • increase fluids; crystals form in the kidney
    • potentiates warfarin and antidiabetics
    • interferes with digoxin and phenytoin
  7. AIDS
    • viral load: copies per microliter
    • cd4 cell count: reduction = AIDS progression
    • HIV drugs issued in a cocktail to prevetnt drug resistance

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