pharm 20

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Author:
copperkid2
ID:
143307
Filename:
pharm 20
Updated:
2012-03-23 06:25:13
Tags:
cardiac
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Description:
pharm 20
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  1. cardiac drugs affect...
    • heart rate
    • rhythm
    • blood output
    • contraction strength
    • intracellular energy production of heart
  2. diuretics
    • lasix (loop of henle)
    • hydrochlorothiazine (collecting ducts)
    • treat chf and htn
    • monitor potassium levels in pts
  3. heart failure is treated with the following drugs
    • potassium
    • ace inhibitors
    • inotropics
    • diuretics
    • beta blockers
  4. inotropics
    • increase heart contractility
    • digoxin: synthetic digitalis (foxglove plant)
    • may combine with beta blockers, ace inhibitors, diuretics
    • don't use digoxin with calcium salts
  5. ace inhibitors
    • treat htn and chf
    • causes coughing
    • -pril suffix
    • blocks enzyme that narrows blood vessels
    • avoid potassium supplements
  6. beta blockers
    • block adrenaline from binding to receptors
    • dilates blood vessels
    • reduces heart rate
    • htn and mi treatment
    • -lol suffix
  7. angiotensin II receptor blockers
    • used if pt cant tolerate ace inhibitors
    • not as effective as ace inhibitors
    • treat chf, mi and htn
    • -tan suffix
  8. aldosterone inhibitors
    • used if ace and angiotensin II inhibitors not tolerated
    • contraindicted for hyperkalemic and pts with reduced renal function
  9. htn treatments
    • diuretics
    • beta blockers
    • ace inhibitors
    • angiotens II
    • calcium channel blockers
    • aldosterone inhibitors
  10. central alfpha agonists
    • vasodilate
    • -sin suffix
  11. calcium channel blockers
    • block calcium entering heart
    • don''t take with grapefruit juice
    • reduce total peripheral resistance
    • -pine suffix
  12. antiplatelet drugs
    • aspirin
    • plavix

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