Psychology & Counseling Test 2

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  1. Controls bodily changes in emotion
    Autonomic Nervous System & Endocrine Glands
  2. Changes brough about during emotions
    Heart rate, BP, Blood Circulation, Activity of digestive organs, Metabolic rate, Breathing, Salivation, Sweating, Pupil size
  3. Physiological reactions characteristic of emotional state of alarm
    Increased heart rate, Rapid breathing, Increased muscular tension, Sweating, Dry mouth, Bowel & bladder relaxation
  4. Pattern of brain activity resulting from physiological imbalances that threaten homeostasis
  5. Hunger, Thirst, Breathing, Sleep, Sex, Temp., Pain, Elimination
  6. Sensory & stimulus variability
    Stimulus needs
  7. Inherited patterns of glandular activity, sensitivity of nervous system, other physical traits
    Sexual drive
  8. ____ of loss is often experienced emotionally as sudden, violent & upsetting disturbance
  9. Fear or anxiety caused by sudden realization of danger created by impact of shock
  10. Desire to reach goal that has value for individual
  11. Believes in motive for self-actualization
    Humanistic psychologists
  12. Factors that influence whether we fulfill a motive
    • Presence of target, strength of motive
    • Way we perceive chance of success
    • Incentive value of any action we might take
    • Relatinship of present to future action
  13. Locus of control of lives is within self; you are in charge of own destiny
    Successful people
  14. Blocking of motive satisfaction by some kind of obstable
  15. Simultaneous arousal of TWO or MORE incompatible motives, resulting in unpleasant emotions
  16. Two equally desirable outcomes; win-win
  17. Two unappealing or undesirable outcomes
    Avoidance-avoidance; lose-lose
  18. Goal involves having both pleasant and unpleasant aspects
  19. Torn between two goals that both have some desirable & undesirable aspects
  20. Vague, unpleasant feeling accompanied by premonition that something undesirable is about to happen
  21. Body's reaction to anything that threatens to damage organism from disease germ to intense & prolonged emotion
  22. Characteristic bodily changes shown in grieving process
    Represent expressions of stress caused by frustration
    Conflict or prolonged emotional upset;
    Bodily ailments that stem in part from mental & environmental causes
    Psychosomatic illnesses
  23. Bowlby and crying
    Serves purpose of calling for help by person doing crying
  24. Effects of crying on body
    helps body to return to physiological equilibrium after interruption to equilibrium caused by stress response
  25. Psychological effects of stress
  26. Effective defenses against stress
    • Attempt to change environment (extricate onself from hostile environment)
    • Change behavior
    • Keeping emotional & physical wear & tear within tolerable bounds
  27. Support and understand from family and coworkers is key part of necessary ____ mechanism to combat stress of professional life
  28. Defense mechanism which ppl maintain goal they were unable to attain was not desirable or they acted out of "good" motives rather than "bad"
  29. Defense mechanism which ppl suffering anxiety over motives seem to banish motives from conscious thought, pushing them into unconscious
  30. Forbidden motive channeled toward more acceptable goal
  31. Attempt to relieve anxiety by becoming like another person or group
  32. Defense mechanism where ppl behave as if motives were opposite of real motives; excessive display of "good" trait such as politeness
    Reaction formation
  33. Defense mechanism where individual hides anxiety-producing motives by accusing other ppl of having them
  34. Coping mechanisms are forms of ____ when used as unconscious defense to reduce, avoid, or prevent anxiety that arises from impact of loss
  35. Aggressive behavior focused directly on obstable that caused frustration
    Direct aggression
  36. Aggressive behavior that has innocent bystander
    Displaced aggression; cause of frustration cannot be attacked so its directed against innocent person
  37. Reaction where ppl try to relieve feelings of frustration by withdrawing from attempt to attain goals
  38. State of indifference where ppl loose all interest in what happens to them
  39. Retreat toward types of activity appropriate to lower level of maturity
  40. Abnormal behavior hinges on
    • Amount of stress & anxiety person experiences
    • Persons ability to handle that amount
  41. Symptoms are distressing to person, reality testing is in tact, behavior does not violare gross social norms, no apparent organic etiology
  42. Mental disorders characterized by gross impairment in reality testing as evidence by delusions, hallucinations, marked incoherent speech, disorganized & agitated behavior
  43. Type of anxiety disorder marked by repetitious thoughts or acts
    Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  44. Psychological conflicts & stress converted into physical symptoms, typically loss of functioning of some part of body
  45. Psychoses traditionally classified as
    Organic or functional
  46. Schizophrenia
    Manic-depressice illness (bipolar depression)
    Paranoid personality
    Functional psychosis
  47. Victim loses touch with reality & personality functioning breaks down & becomes completely disorganized
  48. Manic-depressive illness
    Bipolar depression
  49. Persons mood swings from deep melancholy to wild excitement
    Manic-depressice illness
  50. Constant & unwarranted suspicious & mistrust of other ppl
  51. Total pattern of characteristic ways of thinking & behaving that constitutes individuals distinctive method of relating to environment
  52. Freud's psychoanalytic theory
    Human mind has three parts or forces (can by in conflict & shape core personality)
  53. Parts or forces of humnan mind, according to Freud
    id, ego, superego
  54. Persons instinctive drives toward sexuality (libido) & aggression
  55. Persons contact with reality
  56. Punishes transgressions (represents forces perceived outside person)
  57. Central problem in mental disturbance, according to psychoanalytical theory, is ____ -produced in ego when demands of id threaten to create dange or when superego threatens to impose disapproval or punishment
  58. Dredge up into awareness the unconscious desires & conflicts that Freud considered source of neurotic anxiety & guilt
  59. In his book __________, Freud introduced controversial notion of death instinct or urge to self destruction
    Beyond the Pleasure Principle
  60. Introduced concepts of introvert and extrovert
  61. Inferiority complex
  62. Stresses self-image, or phenomenological self, represents way we see our abilities, relationships, ourselves with other ppl; we have answeres to our problems within ourselves
    Carl Rogers' humanistic theory
  63. Treatment of several patients as same time using group dynamics
    Group therapy
  64. Medical therapy
    • Psychosurgery
    • Electroshock
    • Psychopharmacological approaches (drugs)
  65. Study of way organisms inherit traits that help control their conduct
    Behavior genetics
  66. Stage theory of development that identifies 8 stages of development; characterizedby psychosocial crisis
  67. Study of how ppl influence or are influenced by others
  68. Process through with children are integrated into society through exposure to actions & opinions of other members of society
  69. Yielding by individuals to pressures from group in which they find themselves; peer pressure
  70. We evaluate our conduct, opinions and abilities by comparing ourselves with other ppl
    Social comparison theory
  71. Organized and enduring set of beliefs and feelings, predisposing us to behave in certain way
  72. Attitude that an individual maintains so stubbornly as to be virtually immune to any information or experiences that would disprove it
  73. Attitude that disregards individual differences & holds that all members of certain group behave in same manner (shared by large numbers of ppl)
  74. We seek to preserve agreement & harmony among our beliefs, feelings, and actions
    Theory of cognitive dissonance
  75. We attribute our behavior first to situational factors and only secondly to dispositional factors
    Self-perception theory
  76. We attribute behavior of others first to dispositional factors
    Attribution theory
  77. Effectiveness of persuasiveness depends on
    source of communication, credibility of source, nature of communication, listener
  78. Tendency to do good without expecting anything in return
  79. Science of behavior
  80. Modern definition of psychology is study of human
  81. Crying
    External response to emotion
  82. Adult throwing temper tantrum
  83. Non-directive counseling
    Carl Rogers
  84. Good communication counseling
    Carl Rogers
  85. Inability to perceive external reality
  86. Conscious postponement of addressing anxieties and concerns
  87. Inability of individual to adjust to life without presence of deceased, or feeling of less significance in world
  88. Conscious postponement of addressing anxieties and concerns
  89. Suppressed and postponed grief
Card Set
Psychology & Counseling Test 2
Psychology & Counseling Test 2
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