Politics 2nd Midterm - Multiple Choices

Card Set Information

Author:
kang
ID:
143344
Filename:
Politics 2nd Midterm - Multiple Choices
Updated:
2012-03-27 21:16:13
Tags:
American Politics
Folders:

Description:
Study Notes
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kang on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the advantages offered by the electoral college as a mode of electing the President?
    • operation of the sense of the people in the election
    • election made by men most capable of analyzing the qualities of the candidates
    • preventing cabal and intrigue
    • independence of executive
  2. According to the Constitution of 1787, the members of which body must be directly elected by the state legislatures?
    Senate
  3. As used in the Constitution, the expression "three-fifths of all other persons" refers to what persons?
    slaves
  4. Which of the following is a power that Congress did not have under the Articles of Confederation but does have under the Constitution?
    lay and collect taxes
  5. "Congress shall have power ... [t]o make all laws which shall be ______________ for carrying into execution [all] powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States ..."
    necessary and proper
  6. Which power that the President does not exercise "with the advice and consent of the Senate"?
    granting pardons
  7. What is the term of office for members of the Senate?
    6 years
  8. What is the term of office for judges of the Supreme and inferior federal courts?
    during "good behavior"
  9. "But it is the ________________ alone, of the public, that ought to control and regulate the government. The passions ought to be controlled and regulated by the government."
    reason
  10. All of the following are qualifications of members of the Senate, except:
    white race
  11. Which of the following is not a case to which Article III of the Constitution extends the jurisdiction of federal courts?
    suit between citizens of the same state
  12. Which of the following is a case the federal courts may hear because of the nature of the law involved?
    cases arising under treaties
  13. Which of the following is a case the federal courts may not hear?
    state prosecuting one of its own citizens for violation of state law
  14. At the constitutional convention, representatives from what states most strenuously favored counting blacks held in slavery as full persons (5/5 instead of 0/5 or 3/5) for purposes of congressional representation?
    southern states
  15. Which Amendment regulates the timing of congressional pay-raises?
    27th
  16. In what century was the Amendment regulating the timing of congressional pay-raises first proposed?
    18th
  17. Which of the following is not permitted to the states by Article I, section 10 of the Constitution?
    grant titles of nobility
  18. What are the ingredients of "energy" in the executive according to Publius (Hamilton)?
    • unity
    • duration
    • adequate provision for its support
    • competent powers

    NOT ingredient: separation of powers
  19. Under Article I, which of the following restrictions applied only against the states but not the federal government?
    Law impairing the obligation of contracts
  20. Under Article I, which of the following restrictions applied only against the federal government but not the states?
    No suspension of the writ of Habeas Corpus
  21. Which of the following is true of the compensation received by an Article-III judge during his or her time in office?
    Cogress may increase it, but not decrease it.
  22. Which of the following is not a power granted to Congress under Article I?
    establish justice
  23. Which of the following is not a limit on the power of the courts to invalidate laws as unconstitutional?
    • a. limited to cases or controversies b. limited to cases over which courts have
    • jurisdiction c. limited to cases arising
    • under federal statutes d. limited by
    • rejection of “advisory opinion” power.
  24. Which of the folowing may the states do, but only if Congress consents?
    keep troops in time of peace
  25. Which of the following may the states do regardless of whether Congress first consents?
    raise taxes
  26. How did the 12th Amendment alter the mode of electing the President?
    required electors to designate separate votes for presidency and vice-presidency
  27. Which of the following powers is vested in the President alone?
    pardon power
  28. Which of the following powers may the President exercise, but only if two-thirds of the Senate concur?
    treaty-making power
  29. What are the kinds of cases over which the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?
    • cases affecting ambassadors
    • cases in which a state is a party
  30. Into which of the following categories does Publius categorize the power to grant letters of marque?
    1st category: security against foreign danger
  31. What was the most controversial power granted to Congress, generating vehement ratification debates?
    power to tax
  32. According to the Northwest Ordinance and other Founding documents, to what purposes is religion necessary?
    • good government
    • happiness of mankind
  33. For the Founders, what part of the soul was the subjective voice of the objective voice of God?
    conscience
  34. Which of the following is true of the compensation received by a President during his time in office?
    Congress may neither increase nor decrease it.
  35. According to Tocqueville, which of the following aspects of judicial power limit the ability of the courts to nullify laws?
    a. must arise in a particular proceeding b. court must have jurisdiction c. both (a) and (b) d. neither (a) nor (b)
  36. According to which of the following Catholics does the "genuine spirit of Christianity" require freedom of religious belief and worship?
    John Carroll
  37. About which religious issue did the Founders disagree among themselves?
    • the propriety of governmental support for particular denominations
    • religious test for holding office
    • religious taxes
  38. Which Amendment to the Constitution was designed to address the problem raised by Hamilton as to the danger of partial enumeration of rights in a "bill of rights"?
    9th
  39. What is the minimum numer of presidential electors a state may have?
    3
  40. On which fo the following grounds did the Supreme Court dismiss Marbury's case?
    Court lacked original jurisdiction
  41. What is one way to remove the causes of faction, according to Madison?
    large republic
  42. Which of the following methods does Madison recommend to deal with the problem of majority faction?
    large republic
  43. According to Publius, which of the following adjectives best describes the Necessary and Proper Clause?
    declaratory
  44. Which of the following, according to Hamilton, is NOT one of the advantages offered by the electoral college as a mode of electing the President?
    preservation of the principle of one person, one vote
  45. "Even the love of fame, the _______ of the noblest minds..."
    ruling passion
  46. According to Madison, what is the "greatest reflection on human nature"?
    government
  47. Which of the following is the way that one may address the problems of faction, according to Madison?
    control the effects
  48. Definition of Faction
    a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adversed to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.
  49. Most common and durable source of faction
    various and unequal distribution of property
  50. What must be completely destroyed in order to prevent faction?
    Liberty
  51. According to Tocqueville, which of the following constitutions aggravate the majority power in America?
    state constitutions/federal constitutions/both/neither
  52. Who said that the genuine spirit of Christianity induced the states to abolish religious intolerance?
    Bp. John Carroll
  53. In which colony of the 1600s did King Charles II endorse a "livlie experiment" in religious freedom?
    Rhode Island
  54. Under Article IV of the original constitution, which o the following persons leaving one state must be returned to the state from which they came?
    fugitives from justice
  55. Which of the following may the states do, but only if Congress consents?
    tax imports
  56. Which of the following provisions in the original Constitution did Publius point to as examples of provisions that reflect an existing "Bill of Rights"?
    • Habeas Corpus
    • No ex-post-facto law
    • No title of nobility
  57. According to Publius, which of the following is true about the addition of a "Bill of Rights" to the proposed Constitution?
    unneccesary and dangerous
  58. The concurrence of which of the following is necessary before a President can make a treaty?
    2/3 of the Senate
  59. Which Amendment was not ratified by the states until well after the death of all the members of Congress who had proposed it?
    27th
  60. Which of the following powers does Publius classify among those promoting interstate harmony?
    naturalization/foreign commerce/war/grant letters of marque
  61. "Liberty is to faction, what air is to _____."
    fire
  62. "If men were angels, then no _____ would be necessary."
    government
  63. According to Madison, what are several causes of factions?
    • zeal for different opinions
    • attachment to different leaders
    • the nature of man
    • various and unequal distribution of property

    NOT cause of faction: state of nature
  64. Which of the following is true regarding human nature, according to Madison in Federalist 51?
    Virtuous motives exist in human nature, but are inadequate and must be supplemented by systems that exploit vices.
  65. Against what injustice does the writ of habeas corpus serve as a protection?
    arbitrary imprisonment
  66. What is one way to "remove the causes" of faction?
    destroy liberty
  67. Which of the following can actuate a faction?
    passion and interest

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview