Adulthood

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
143438
Filename:
Adulthood
Updated:
2012-03-24 10:18:41
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growth development
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adulthood
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  1. 3 stages of adulthood
    • young: 19 - 45
    • middle: 46 - 64
    • late: 65 - 75
  2. Schaie's achievement stage
    • young adulthood; 19 - 45
    • optimism and drive for improvement
  3. schaie responsibility stage
    • middle adulthood; 46 - 64
    • concerned w/ real-life problems, in charge of self and others
    • includes executive substage
  4. schaie's theory of cognitive development
    • achievement stage; young adulthood
    • responsibility stage; middle adulthood
  5. erikson's stages of adult psychosocial development
    • intimacy vs. isolation; young adults
    • generativity vs stagnation; middle adulthood
  6. 6 historical changes in families
    • urbanization
    • mobility
    • size
    • use of paid caregivers
    • fathers' roles
    • increased longevity
  7. cause for divorce
    • nearly 50% of marriages end in divorce
    • bride and groom younger than 20
    • low income
    • cohabitation before marriage
    • premarital pregnancy
    • kids from a previous marriage
    • recently divorced partner
    • knowing each other for a short time
    • not finishing high school
    • no religion or practicing different faiths
    • one or both have divorced parents
  8. Name the 2 significant milestones signaling that a person is a young adult
    • economic indepence
    • independent decision making
  9. behaviors that indicate maturity
    • acknowlede and express feelings with restraint
    • laugh at yourself
    • accept responsibility for your own actions
    • tolerate frustration
    • accept diversity and individuality of others
    • trust others
    • display self-confidence
    • cope with stress
    • discipline yourself
    • handle problems without losing sight of goals
  10. physical development of adults
    • good physical health at 30 is a good indicator
    • brain growth continues into the mid 20s
    • 19 - 26 are best years for reproduction
  11. primary cause of death during young adulthood
    • accidents
    • suicide or homicide
    • AIDS
  12. Top 3 health concerns for young adults (19 - 45)
    • risky behavior (drugs, sex, overeating)
    • stress related illness (headaches, htn, gastric ulcer)
    • early disease (cancer)
  13. When should women start having mammograms every 2 years
    age 40; 35 if family hx
  14. cognitive development in young adults
    • aided by the support of others
    • apply intelligence to career development and higher education
  15. young adults and careers/work
    • normal to have 7 different jobs throughout work life
    • main priority is an interesting job
    • unemployment viewed as personal failure
    • women make 75.7% of what men make
  16. boomerang children
    children that return to the parental home for a period
  17. baby boomers
    born between 1946 and 1964
  18. physical changes in middle adults (46 - 65)
    • redistribution of body weight
    • presbyopia (decrease in vision)
    • presbycusis (loss of hearing)
    • spinal compression, loss of 1 inch in height by 60
    • gray hair
  19. which stage of adulthood is considered to be the best years of ones life
    middle adulthood (46 - 65)
  20. signs and symptoms of menopause
    • average age is 51
    • decreased vaginal lubrication
    • emotional lability
    • fatigue
    • flushing and hot flashes
    • headache
    • heart palpitations
    • insomnia
  21. bone health in middle adults
    • women w/ family hx screened for osteoporosis at 45
    • anybody who loses 2 inches of height since age 20, screen for osteoporosis
    • 1200 mg/day of calcium pre-menopause
    • 1500 mg/day of calcium post-menopause
  22. leading cause of death in the 50s and 60s is
    • heart disease
    • cancer
    • vascular disease
    • accidents
  23. major health problems in middle adulthood are
    • accidents
    • alcohol abuse
    • obesity
    • diabetes
    • heart disease
    • htn
    • mental illness
  24. cognition in middle adulthood
    • creativity peaks
    • intellect remains stable
    • must work harder to remember
  25. middle adults and career
    • most career advancement happens in 50s
    • may make midlife career change
    • should develp interests outside of work
  26. sandwich generation
    • caught in the middle
    • dependent kids and dependent elders at home
  27. generativity
    • stage of middle adulthood (46 - 65)
    • middle adults are often mentors to younger adults

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