Card Set Information
vet tech test
vet tech test 1 equines
domestic horse latin
wall of hoof no longer parallel with distal-most bone of limb
How big is one hand?
4 inches. (2.5 cm in an inch)
Horses are measured from
the ground (palmar surface) to the withers
caudal to pinnae
dorsal surface. Caudal neck
highest point of caudal dorsum (rear end)
leg joints, top down.
hip, stifle, hock (tarsus)[carpus/knee], fetlock, pastern
difference between a dwarf and a mini
mini is in proportion. Dwarf is out of proportion.
under 8 hands. American Miniature Horse--teeth are normal size, back legs longer than front.
10-14 hands. Shetland Pony--Wide set eyes, relatively short limbs
Light horse size
14-17 hands. Thoroughbred. Powerful hindquarters, high-strung. (Tennessee Walker--rearward angle to rear limbs, Hanovarian)
Draft horse size
17-19 hands. Clydesdale. Long rounded muzzle, long hair over hooves. Stockier, legs thicker.
Difference between hot and cold bloods
hot bloods (arabians, thoroughbreds) have a faster metabolism and bursts of energy.
cold bloods have slower metabolism and are steadier. (Draft horses)
warmbloods are a cross (Hanovarian)
like a light horse but less muscled than a thoroughbred (not a sprinter)
foal. Born January 1st
weanling. Weaned at 3-6 months, usually.
Male and female horses up to 2 years
Intact male at two or three years old
female at 2 or 3 years old
one year old horse
horse over 4 or 5
aged or mature horse
cross of a horse and a donkey
Donkey male and female
Jack and Jenny
Mule male and female
mule and hinny
Zebra latin and types
Equus zebra. Grevy's (round ears) and Burchell's (pointy ears)
formal form of riding, looks at beauty of form
obstacle courses, speed, agility
on dirt. Kentuky derby
Gait for harness racing
trot. Done with little cart called sulky
dangers of racing
dehydration - can lose 2 gallons of sweat per hour. Lathering.
hyperthermia--fever when exercising or under anesthesia
Monday morning disease, or "tying up"--super sore muscles after a hard run and a day off.
4 beats, equal time between steps
two beats, diagonal legs hit ground simultaneously
two beats, legs on same side hit ground together, faster than a trot. This is the natural gait of standardbreds.
fastest gait. 4 beats, not symmetrical. first foot is the lead. All four off the ground at one time.
horses are seasonally polyestrus. every 21 days in spring and summer.
pregnant female. "in foal"
when colostrum appears on tips of nipples just before foaling.
heat 7-12 days after foal is born. Next heat 21 days later
a mare who has not yet had a foal or a horse that has not yet won a race.
stand at stud
horse that tests to see if a mare is in heat
large enough for the horse to turn around in
horse can't move around.
monogastric herbivore. cecal digestion of mostly fiber with some fruit and grains. LOTS of water. a 1000 lb horse needs 5-10 gallons of water a day.
hypsodont--keep growing through life. Can overgrow if jaw not lined up.
small sharp tooth with no purpose. Usually removed.
to file off the points where they don't meet up properly (hypsodont)
cheek side of tooth
tongue side of tooth
face-collar to catch and hold horse
halter with rope
twist of rope around upper lip, applies enough pressure to release endorphins and relax animal.
legs wide apart, neck forward, head down, pelvic limbs straight up
tissues that support the wall of the hoof
can be metal or rubber. There are corrective shoes for laminitis. Can fix split hoof with nails and wire.
endoparasite. Fly larvae.
endoparasite. GI worm.
rabies, tetanus, Eastern or Western Encephalomyelitis and West Nile Disease (neuorologic diseases), Rhinopneumonitis/influenza, Equine viral arteritis (often fatal viral inflammation of arteries)
Equine Infetious Anemia (EIA)
mosquitos or biting flies spread. Coggins test identifies. Test required at horse shows. Treatment is quarantine or euthanasia.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
heaves. Get heave line. Usually from allergies or viral disease. Seen in race horses.