world lit

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jaclynking6
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world lit
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2010-04-13 19:23:28
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world lit
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  1. 3 fold path
    - wisdom, ethical conduct, concentration
  2. 8fold path
    Right knowledge, Right liberation, Right speech, Right action,Right livelihood, Right effort, Right mindfulness, Right concentration
  3. 4 noble truths
    - Buddhism, There is suffering, there is a cause of suffering (craving), There is the cessation of suffering (nirvana), There is the eightfold path leading to the cessation of suffering.
  4. Bodhisattva-
    a person who is able to reach nirvana but delays doing so out of compassion in order to save suffering beings.
  5. Buddha
    a title given to the founder of Buddhism, Siddartha Gautama ( c. 563– c. 460 bc). Born an Indian prince, he renounced wealth and family to become an ascetic, and after achieving enlightenment while meditating, taught all who came to learn from him.
  6. middle path-
    the eightfold path of Buddhism between indulgence and asceticism.
  7. Samsara-
    the cycle of death and rebirth to which life in the material world is bound.
  8. Maya-
    the supernatural power wielded by gods and demons to produce illusions, Hinduism the power by which the universe becomes manifest, Hinduism & Buddhism the illusion or appearance of the phenomenal world.
  9. Dukkha
    - the Four Noble Truths on dukkha are taught as the primary means to attain the ultimate aim of nirvana; suffering, pain, unsatisfactoriness, sorrow, affliction, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress, misery, and frustration
  10. Dhammapada-
    a versified Buddhist scripture traditionally ascribed to the Buddha himself. It is one of the best-known texts from the Theravada canon.[2]
  11. Bamboo
    - a giant woody grass that grows chiefly in the tropics, where it is widely cultivated.
  12. Moon
    - the natural satellite of the earth, visible (chiefly at night) by reflected light from the sun.
  13. Filial piety
    - one of the virtues to be held above all else: a respect for the parents and ancestors.
  14. Son of heaven
    - emperor of China at the time
  15. Shinto Kami
    include beings that cannot sensibly be called 'gods' or 'goddesses' in English, along with beings that can. In addition, the deities of Japan are not all Shinto; many are Buddhist
  16. Sabi
    represents a comprehensive Japanese world view or aesthetic centered on the acceptance of transience. The phrase comes from the two words wabi and sabi. The aesthetic is sometimes described as one of beauty that is "imperfect, impermanent, and incomplete".[1] It is a concept derived from the Buddhist assertion of the Three marks of existence
  17. Zuihitsu
    a genre of Japanese literature consisting of loosely connected personal essays and fragmented ideas that typically respond to the author's surroundings
  18. Bushido
    the code of honor and morals developed by the Japanese samurai.
  19. Shogun
    a hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan
  20. Noh
    traditional Japanese masked drama with dance and song, evolved from Shinto rites.
  21. Kabuki
    a form of traditional Japanese drama with highly stylized song, mime, and dance, now performed only by male actors, using exaggerated gestures and body movements to express emotions, and including historical plays, domestic dramas, and dance pieces.
  22. Bunraku
    is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theater, Ningyōtsukaior, Ningyōzukai - Puppeteers, Tayū - the chanters, Shamisen players
  23. Giri
    a Japanese value roughly corresponding to "duty", "obligation", or even "burden of obligation" in English, but one with a far more pervasive influence on the Japanese world view and culture than its English equivalent. It is defined as "to serve one's superiors with a self-sacrificing devotion"
  24. Tao
    the absolute principle underlying the universe, combining within itself the principles of yin and yang and signifying the way, or code of behavior, that is in harmony with the natural order. The interpretation of Tao in the Tao-te-Ching developed into the philosophical religion of Taoism.
  25. Wu-wei
    involves knowing when to act and when not to act
  26. Un-carved block
    It represents a passive state of receptiveness
  27. Chi
    the circulating life force whose existence and properties are the basis of much Chinese philosophy and medicine.
  28. Yin
    the passive female principle of the universe, characterized as female and sustaining and associated with earth, dark, and cold.
  29. Yang
    the active male principle of the universe, characterized as male and creative and associated with heaven, heat, and light
  30. Feng shui
    a system of laws considered to govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to the flow of energy (qi), and whose favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into account when siting and designing buildings.
  31. 8 immortals
    are a group of legendary xian in Chinese mythology. Each Immortal's power can be transferred to a power tool that can give life or destroy evil. Together, these eight tools are called "Covert Eight Immortals" Most of them are said to have been born in the Tang Dynasty or Song Dynasty.
  32. Guan yin
    the goddess of compassion
  33. Ren
    is most commonly associated with Confucius and his usage of the word to describe the inward expression of Confucian ideals; "complete virtue"
  34. Analects
    a collection of short literary or philosophical extracts
  35. Koran
    Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic.
  36. Hafiz
    a Muslim who knows the Koran by heart.
  37. 5 pillars
    the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. These duties are Shahadah (profession of faith), Salat (prayers), Sawm (fasting), Zakat (giving of alms, specifically during Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). These five practices are essential to Muslims.
  38. Hadj
    the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
  39. Hegira
    Muhammad's departure from Mecca to Medina in ad 622, prompted by the opposition of the merchants of Mecca and marking the consolidation of the first Muslim community.
  40. sunni
    one of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox, and differing from Shia in its understanding of the Sunna and in its acceptance of the first three caliphs
  41. Shiite
    an adherent of the Shia branch of Islam.
  42. Sufi
    a Muslim ascetic and mystic.
  43. Jihad
    a holy war undertaken by Muslims against unbelievers.
  44. Sura
    a chapter or section of the Koran.
  45. Mecca
    The birthplace in ad 570 of the prophet Muhammad, it was the scene of his early teachings before his emigration to Medina in 622 (the Hegira) . On Muhammad's return to Mecca in 630 it became the center of the new Muslim faith
  46. Medina
    It is Muhammad's burial place and the site of the first Islamic mosque, which is constructed around his tomb. It is considered by Muslims to be the second most holy city after Mecca
  47. Kaaba
    square stone building in the center of the Great Mosque at Mecca, the site most holy to Muslims and toward which they must face when praying
  48. dome of the rock
    Islamic shrine in Jerusalem, for Muslims the third most holy place after Mecca and Medina
  49. Shahada
    the Muslim profession of faith
  50. Salat
    the ritual prayer of Muslims, performed five times daily in a set form.
  51. Shariah
    Islamic canonical law based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet (Hadith and Sunna), prescribing both religious and secular duties and sometimes retributive penalties for lawbreaking
  52. Imam
    the person who leads prayers in a mosque, a title of various Muslim leaders, esp. of one succeeding Muhammad as leader of Shiite Islam
  53. Caliph
    the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad
  54. People of the book
    Jews and Christians as regarded by Muslims
  55. Brahma
    the creator god in later Hinduism, who forms a triad with Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer.
  56. Dharma
    the principle of cosmic order. Virtue, righteousness, and duty, esp. social and caste duty in accord with the cosmic order.
  57. Avatar
    manifestation of a deity or released soul in bodily form on earth; an incarnate divine teacher.
  58. Karma
    the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
  59. Caste
    each of the hereditary classes of Hindu society, distinguished by relative degrees of ritual purity or pollution and of social status
  60. Ahimsa
    the principle of nonviolence toward all living things.
  61. Atman
    the spiritual life principle of the universe, esp. when regarded as inherent in the real self of the individual.
  62. Brahman
    a member of the highest Hindu caste, that of the priesthood, the ultimate reality underlying all phenomena.
  63. Tapas
    it is used figuratively, denoting spiritual suffering, mortification or austerity, and also the spiritual ecstasy of a yogin
  64. Nonattached work
    way to rid your life of unnecessary unhappiness
  65. Nirvana
    liberation of the soul from the effects of karma and from bodily existence.
  66. Baghavad gita
    a sacred Hindu scripture,[1][2] considered among the most important texts in the history of literature and philosophy.[3] The Bhagavad Gita comprises roughly 700 verses, and is a part of the Mahabharata
  67. Krishna
    one of the most popular gods, the eighth and most important avatar or incarnation of Vishnu.
  68. Mahayuga
    the four ages of the life of the world

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