Right knowledge, Right liberation, Right speech, Right action,Right livelihood, Right effort, Right mindfulness, Right concentration
4 noble truths
- Buddhism, There is suffering, there is a cause of suffering (craving), There is the cessation of suffering (nirvana), There is the eightfold path leading to the cessation of suffering.
a person who is able to reach nirvana but delays doing so out of compassion in order to save suffering beings.
a title given to the founder of Buddhism, Siddartha Gautama ( c. 563– c. 460 bc). Born an Indian prince, he renounced wealth and family to become an ascetic, and after achieving enlightenment while meditating, taught all who came to learn from him.
the eightfold path of Buddhism between indulgence and asceticism.
the cycle of death and rebirth to which life in the material world is bound.
the supernatural power wielded by gods and demons to produce illusions, Hinduism the power by which the universe becomes manifest, Hinduism & Buddhism the illusion or appearance of the phenomenal world.
- the Four Noble Truths on dukkha are taught as the primary means to attain the ultimate aim of nirvana; suffering, pain, unsatisfactoriness, sorrow, affliction, anxiety, dissatisfaction, discomfort, anguish, stress, misery, and frustration
a versified Buddhist scripture traditionally ascribed to the Buddha himself. It is one of the best-known texts from the Theravada canon.
- a giant woody grass that grows chiefly in the tropics, where it is widely cultivated.
- the natural satellite of the earth, visible (chiefly at night) by reflected light from the sun.
- one of the virtues to be held above all else: a respect for the parents and ancestors.
Son of heaven
- emperor of China at the time
include beings that cannot sensibly be called 'gods' or 'goddesses' in English, along with beings that can. In addition, the deities of Japan are not all Shinto; many are Buddhist
represents a comprehensive Japanese world view or aesthetic centered on the acceptance of transience. The phrase comes from the two words wabi and sabi. The aesthetic is sometimes described as one of beauty that is "imperfect, impermanent, and incomplete". It is a concept derived from the Buddhist assertion of the Three marks of existence
a genre of Japanese literature consisting of loosely connected personal essays and fragmented ideas that typically respond to the author's surroundings
the code of honor and morals developed by the Japanese samurai.
a hereditary commander-in-chief in feudal Japan
traditional Japanese masked drama with dance and song, evolved from Shinto rites.
a form of traditional Japanese drama with highly stylized song, mime, and dance, now performed only by male actors, using exaggerated gestures and body movements to express emotions, and including historical plays, domestic dramas, and dance pieces.
is a form of traditional Japanese puppet theater, Ningyōtsukaior, Ningyōzukai - Puppeteers, Tayū - the chanters, Shamisen players
a Japanese value roughly corresponding to "duty", "obligation", or even "burden of obligation" in English, but one with a far more pervasive influence on the Japanese world view and culture than its English equivalent. It is defined as "to serve one's superiors with a self-sacrificing devotion"
the absolute principle underlying the universe, combining within itself the principles of yin and yang and signifying the way, or code of behavior, that is in harmony with the natural order. The interpretation of Tao in the Tao-te-Ching developed into the philosophical religion of Taoism.
involves knowing when to act and when not to act
It represents a passive state of receptiveness
the circulating life force whose existence and properties are the basis of much Chinese philosophy and medicine.
the passive female principle of the universe, characterized as female and sustaining and associated with earth, dark, and cold.
the active male principle of the universe, characterized as male and creative and associated with heaven, heat, and light
a system of laws considered to govern spatial arrangement and orientation in relation to the flow of energy (qi), and whose favorable or unfavorable effects are taken into account when siting and designing buildings.
are a group of legendary xian in Chinese mythology. Each Immortal's power can be transferred to a power tool that can give life or destroy evil. Together, these eight tools are called "Covert Eight Immortals" Most of them are said to have been born in the Tang Dynasty or Song Dynasty.
the goddess of compassion
is most commonly associated with Confucius and his usage of the word to describe the inward expression of Confucian ideals; "complete virtue"
a collection of short literary or philosophical extracts
Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic.
a Muslim who knows the Koran by heart.
the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. These duties are Shahadah (profession of faith), Salat (prayers), Sawm (fasting), Zakat (giving of alms, specifically during Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca). These five practices are essential to Muslims.
the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
Muhammad's departure from Mecca to Medina in ad 622, prompted by the opposition of the merchants of Mecca and marking the consolidation of the first Muslim community.
one of the two main branches of Islam, commonly described as orthodox, and differing from Shia in its understanding of the Sunna and in its acceptance of the first three caliphs
an adherent of the Shia branch of Islam.
a Muslim ascetic and mystic.
a holy war undertaken by Muslims against unbelievers.
a chapter or section of the Koran.
The birthplace in ad 570 of the prophet Muhammad, it was the scene of his early teachings before his emigration to Medina in 622 (the Hegira) . On Muhammad's return to Mecca in 630 it became the center of the new Muslim faith
It is Muhammad's burial place and the site of the first Islamic mosque, which is constructed around his tomb. It is considered by Muslims to be the second most holy city after Mecca
square stone building in the center of the Great Mosque at Mecca, the site most holy to Muslims and toward which they must face when praying
dome of the rock
Islamic shrine in Jerusalem, for Muslims the third most holy place after Mecca and Medina
the Muslim profession of faith
the ritual prayer of Muslims, performed five times daily in a set form.
Islamic canonical law based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet (Hadith and Sunna), prescribing both religious and secular duties and sometimes retributive penalties for lawbreaking
the person who leads prayers in a mosque, a title of various Muslim leaders, esp. of one succeeding Muhammad as leader of Shiite Islam
the chief Muslim civil and religious ruler, regarded as the successor of Muhammad
People of the book
Jews and Christians as regarded by Muslims
the creator god in later Hinduism, who forms a triad with Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer.
the principle of cosmic order. Virtue, righteousness, and duty, esp. social and caste duty in accord with the cosmic order.
manifestation of a deity or released soul in bodily form on earth; an incarnate divine teacher.
the sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences.
each of the hereditary classes of Hindu society, distinguished by relative degrees of ritual purity or pollution and of social status
the principle of nonviolence toward all living things.
the spiritual life principle of the universe, esp. when regarded as inherent in the real self of the individual.
a member of the highest Hindu caste, that of the priesthood, the ultimate reality underlying all phenomena.
it is used figuratively, denoting spiritual suffering, mortification or austerity, and also the spiritual ecstasy of a yogin
way to rid your life of unnecessary unhappiness
liberation of the soul from the effects of karma and from bodily existence.
a sacred Hindu scripture, considered among the most important texts in the history of literature and philosophy. The Bhagavad Gita comprises roughly 700 verses, and is a part of the Mahabharata
one of the most popular gods, the eighth and most important avatar or incarnation of Vishnu.