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description "Notes from Biology for EOC test"
Organic compounds are...
Compounds that contain CARBON
Large organic molecules
Carbon has ______ & can __________
Has 4 electrons in outer shell; can form covalent bonds with as many as 4 other atoms
Many macromolecules are...
One macromolecule is a...
The three main macromolecules are...
Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
How are macromolecules formed?
Dehydration synthesis, also called 'condensation reaction'
How are macromolecules separated or digested?
Hydrolysis- separates monomers by 'adding water'
One sugar unit
Disaccharide is a...
Two sugar unit
Many sugar units
Lipids are __________ solvents
Which macromolecule 'stores the most energy'?
What are the 2 fatty acids?
Saturated and unsaturated
Saturated fatty acid have how many bonds? Good or bad?
No bonds; bad
How many bonds do unsaturated fatty acids have? Good or bad?
Double bonds; good
Amino acids by peptide bonds are
What are the six functions of protein?
Enzymes are proteins...
Catalyst that speeds up reactions by lowering the activation energy
What factors affect enzymes activity?
- PH -> acidity of basicity
- substrate concentration
Notes from Biology notes for EOC test