Macromolecules

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Author:
HdzS924
ID:
143528
Filename:
Macromolecules
Updated:
2012-03-24 18:49:05
Tags:
Biology
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Description:
Notes from Biology notes for EOC test
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    • author "Flako"
    • tags "Biology"
    • description "Notes from Biology for EOC test"
    • fileName "Macromolecules"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • Organic compounds are...
    • Compounds that contain CARBON
  1. Macromolecules are...
    Large organic molecules
  2. Carbon has ______ & can __________
    Has 4 electrons in outer shell; can form covalent bonds with as many as 4 other atoms
  3. Many macromolecules are...
    Polymers
  4. One macromolecule is a...
    Monomer
  5. The three main macromolecules are...
    Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
  6. How are macromolecules formed?
    Dehydration synthesis, also called 'condensation reaction'
  7. How are macromolecules separated or digested?
    Hydrolysis- separates monomers by 'adding water'
  8. Monosaccharide is...
    One sugar unit
  9. Disaccharide is a...
    Two sugar unit
  10. Polysaccharide are...
    Many sugar units
  11. Lipids are __________ solvents
    Hydrophobic
  12. Which macromolecule 'stores the most energy'?
    Lipids
  13. What are the 2 fatty acids?
    Saturated and unsaturated
  14. Saturated fatty acid have how many bonds? Good or bad?
    No bonds; bad
  15. How many bonds do unsaturated fatty acids have? Good or bad?
    Double bonds; good
  16. Amino acids by peptide bonds are
    Proteins
  17. What are the six functions of protein?
    • - storage
    • - transport
    • - regulatory
    • - movement
    • - structural
    • - enzymes
  18. Enzymes are proteins...
    Catalyst that speeds up reactions by lowering the activation energy
  19. What factors affect enzymes activity?
    • - temperature
    • - PH -> acidity of basicity
    • - substrate concentration

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