Politics 2nd Midterm - Short Answers

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Politics 2nd Midterm - Short Answers
2012-03-25 20:04:53
American Politics

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  1. In Marbury v. Madison, what did Marbury want Madison to do?
  2. According to the Court, did Marbury have a right to what he wanted?
  3. According to the Court, did Marbury have a right to have some court give him what he wanted?
  4. According to the Court, did Marbury have a right to have the Supreme Court originally hear the case? Why or why not?
  5. How did the Seventeenth Amendment alter the mode of selecting Senators?
    In the original Constitution, Senators were elected by the State Legislatures. However, the 17th Amendment regulates that Senators are to be elected by the people in each State.
  6. What is the minimum number of presidential electors that any state will have, and why?
  7. How does unity in the executive contribute to "responsibility in the republican sense," according to Hamilton?
  8. Despite the protection for religious liberty, what provisions suggesting an establishment of religion can be found in the first constitution for Pennsylvania and Massachusetts?
    The Constitution of Massachusetts contains an admonition that the legislatures ought to support public Protestant teachers, which indicates Protestantism as an established religion.
  9. For the Founders, what role did the “conscience” play in the
    justification for religious freedom?
    • Conscience is the inner voice that has authority. Because
    • man has a duty to follow his conscience even though it’s wrong, every person, Christian or non-Christian, shall have a religious freedom.
  10. According to John Carroll, what did the “genuine spirit of Christianity” cause the several states to banish? And did this spirit also lead many (but not all) of the states to do?
    Because of the “genuine spirit of Christianity,” several states had banished intolerance from their governmental system. This spirit led many states to do the justice to people of different denomination by placing them on the same footing of citizenship and conferring an equal right of participation in national privileges.