Psych 19 Ch. 10
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Erikson's Theory: Industry vs. Inferiority
Psychological conflict of middle childhood, which is resolved positively when children develop a sense of competence at useful skills and tasks.
Appraise the situation as changeable, identify the difficulty, and decide what to do about it. If problem solving does not work they engage in emotion-centered coping.
Is internal, private, and aimed in controlling distress when little can be done about an outcome
The capacity to imagine what other people may be thinking and feeling
Collectives that generate unique values and standards for behavior and a soical structure of leaders and followers
Refers to likeability - the extent to which a child is viewed by a group of agemates, such as classmates, as a worthy social partner
Four General Categories of Peer Acceptance
1.Popular children: who get many positive votes (are well-liked)
2.Rejected children: who get many negative votes (are disliked)
3.Controversial children: who get a large number of positive and negative votes (are both liked and disliked)
4.Neglected children: who are seldom mentioned, either positively or negatively.
The majority of these children combine academic and social competence
Includes "tough" boys - athletically skilled but poor students who casue trouble and defy adult authority - and relationally aggressive boys and girls who enhance their own status by ignoring, excluding and spreading rumors about other children.
Show high rates of conflict, physical and relational aggression, hyperactive, inattentive and impulsive behavior.
a smaller subtype, are passive and socially awkward.
A form of supervision in which parents exercise general oversight while letting children take charge of moment-by-moment decision making.
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