16-3 The Babylonian Exile and Second Isaiah, Lamentations
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What did the Jews lose due to the exile to Babylon?
- the Holy City of Jerusalem
- the Promised Land
- the Temple
- David's dynasty
What are the characteristics of Babylon?
a huge city, with massive monuments of pagan culture
What was the good that came out of the Babylonian Exile?
- The Jews in exile experienced a religious revival.
- Many books of the OT were edited into their final forms during the Babylonian Exile.
- In exile, they wrote the history of how they lost everything because of their lack of fidelity to God's covenant.
What do many scholars think that chapters 40-55 of Isaiah must have been written by someone else at a later time, in the middle of the 6th century?
- Clear reference to the capture and destruction of Jerusalem
- Clear reference to the exile as a current event
- References to Cyrus of Persia
- Emphasis on return home for the exiles
What is the word used by Second Isaiah more often than any other biblical author?
What do we know about the Second Isaiah?
- He was among the exiles in Babylon.
- He was probably active near the end of the exile in 539.
Literary forms in Deutero-Isaiah
- Trial speeches and lawsuit language
- Oracle of salvations
- Idol parodies (mocking idols)
What does the Suffering Servant Songs suggest?
It suggests that God accepts one individual's suffering to atone for the sins of others.
How are we to interpret the Suffering Servant Songs?
The enigmatic ambiguity of Isaiah's text, suggesting an interpretation of the Servant---now as an individual, now a s a collective---becomes clear with the revelation of the "total Christ" which includes the head and members---the Lord and his Body, the Church.
What is acrostic poem? Where are they found?
A poem in which eahc line or stanze begins with the next letter of the Hebrew alphabet. They are found in Chapters 1, 2, 4 of Lamentations.
What is the possible dating for Lamentations?
The poems date from a time shortly after 586, and it is one fo the most important sources of information about the conditions in Jerusalem and Judah after the Babylonian attack.
Who is believed to be the author of the Book of Lamentations?
Why do the poems in Lamentations personify Jerusalem as a widow?
Jerusalem has been abandoned by her "lovers"---the false gods and foreign nations in which she had placed hope.
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