Controversial Issues exam 2 Part 4

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Controversial Issues exam 2 Part 4
2012-03-26 01:30:24
Controversial Issues exam Part

Controversial Issues exam 2 Part 4
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  1. Does the internet have Psychological benefits
    Katz and Aspden vs. Kraut et al
  2. Katz and Aspden
    There are no problems associated with internet use
  3. Jeffersonian Ideal
    Thomas Jerfferson's societial ideal of individual liberty, pluralism, diversity, and community
  4. 1995 Telephone Survey
    Nationally and randomly sampled 2500 persons ( and added some more interest users). Concluded that internet use has benefits: increased leisure activities, increased community enviroment, increased family and other contact.
  5. Friendship formation
    new friendships were formed, some were later actually met
  6. Most important finding
    internet leads to new friendship formation and increased family contact
  7. Kraut et al.
    argue that the internet has harmful effects
  8. Putnam (1995)
    is cited as saying that social interest and interaction has declined over 35 years ( We can't blme all that on the internet though, tv maybe?)
  9. Television
    Many compare the introduction of the internet to TV though it probably has more in common with the introduction of the telephone
  10. Interpersonal Communication
    Accd. to kraut, is the dominant use of the internet at home
  11. Strong social ties
    THere are strong and lasting and buffer people from emotional stress
  12. Weak Social ties
    They are superficial and of narrow focus with easily brokem bonds. Bonds formed on the internet weak.
  13. Critique of the Katz and Aspden telephone survey
    • 1. Correlational does not prove internet use causes more social interaction
    • 2. Self report data is potenially inaccurate
    • 3. The same was not random or respresentative, probably was bettereducated and higher SES
  14. Homenet Study
    was the true experiement so causality of findings can be inferred. Aslo, Kraut et al. controlled for many potenially confounding variable ( pre-exsisting conditions, stressors)
  15. Homenet Study
    • 1. a random sample was identified and data ( depression levels) collected
    • 2. internet access was then supplied for 1 year
    • 3. Data was again collected
  16. Homenet Results
    • 1. teenagers had the highest rate of internt use
    • 2 Increases in loneiness and depression were observed ( through the effect sizes were modest)
    • 3. Most important finding was a decline in family communication
  17. Dr. R Sys
    Internet provides a readily available source of potentially incorrect or inaccurate information so one needs to be careful about online resources