Controversial Issues exam 2 Part 4
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Does the internet have Psychological benefits
Katz and Aspden vs. Kraut et al
Katz and Aspden
There are no problems associated with internet use
Thomas Jerfferson's societial ideal of individual liberty, pluralism, diversity, and community
1995 Telephone Survey
Nationally and randomly sampled 2500 persons ( and added some more interest users). Concluded that internet use has benefits: increased leisure activities, increased community enviroment, increased family and other contact.
new friendships were formed, some were later actually met
Most important finding
internet leads to new friendship formation and increased family contact
Kraut et al.
argue that the internet has harmful effects
is cited as saying that social interest and interaction has declined over 35 years ( We can't blme all that on the internet though, tv maybe?)
Many compare the introduction of the internet to TV though it probably has more in common with the introduction of the telephone
Accd. to kraut, is the dominant use of the internet at home
Strong social ties
THere are strong and lasting and buffer people from emotional stress
Weak Social ties
They are superficial and of narrow focus with easily brokem bonds. Bonds formed on the internet weak.
Critique of the Katz and Aspden telephone survey
- 1. Correlational does not prove internet use causes more social interaction
- 2. Self report data is potenially inaccurate
- 3. The same was not random or respresentative, probably was bettereducated and higher SES
was the true experiement so causality of findings can be inferred. Aslo, Kraut et al. controlled for many potenially confounding variable ( pre-exsisting conditions, stressors)
- 1. a random sample was identified and data ( depression levels) collected
- 2. internet access was then supplied for 1 year
- 3. Data was again collected
- 1. teenagers had the highest rate of internt use
- 2 Increases in loneiness and depression were observed ( through the effect sizes were modest)
- 3. Most important finding was a decline in family communication
Dr. R Sys
Internet provides a readily available source of potentially incorrect or inaccurate information so one needs to be careful about online resources
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