psyc of fam exam 2

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jax12
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psyc of fam exam 2
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2012-03-26 03:03:23
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fam exam 2
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  1. proximal context
    • the immediate surrounding context of a stress or conflict
    • time of day the event happens, room the couple interacts in, whether the lights are on or off, whether each partner had a good day at work or a bad one, how much time couples have to spend together.
  2. distal context
    • the removed context of a stress or conflict
    • social, religious and cultural contexts, global and historical conditions, demands of working outside the home.
  3. chronic conditions
    aspects of the environment that are relatively stable and enduring.
  4. acute events
    events/stressors that have a relatively clear onset and the possibility of an end point.
  5. stress spillover
    the effects of stress in one domain of a person’s life are transmitted to other domains.
  6. daily diary method
    asking indivs to report on aspects of their life at regular intervals.
  7. stress crossover
    stress affecting one member may be transmitted to other members.
  8. sociometry
    a method of graphically displaying the strength and number of relationships within a collection of individuals.
  9. psychological network
    including the people whom individuals see as playing important roles in their lives.
  10. interactive network
    including the people with whom individuals interact regularly.
  11. network density
    degree to which members of an individual’s social network are themselves connected. the density of a network is independent of its size.
  12. network overlap
    the extent to which partners in a relationship consider the same individuals to be part of their personal networks.
  13. social capital
    the benefits that indivs derive from their relationships with others.
  14. substitutability
    • the degree to which different members of a social network fulfill the same needs for a person.
    • in dating relationships, partners who feel closer to their own best friends are more likely to end their relationship.
  15. primary appraisal
    noticing conflict and evaluating whether it represents a threat
  16. secondary appraisal
    trying to understand why the conflict is happening and what the child should do about it.
  17. self blame
    seeing themselves as somehow responsible for tension they are witnessing (children’s perspective)
  18. desensitization
    getting used to something that happens consistently/ becoming less reactive.
  19. sensitization
    • becoming more reactive the more you are exposed to something.
    • evidence that children become more sensitized when fighting is common.
  20. differential parental treatment
    one parent devoting more attention or more resources to one child over another.
  21. theories of mind
    recognition that other people have beliefs, knowledge, and desires different from one’s own.
  22. false belief test
    a test to measure whether or not a child has developed a theory of mind.
  23. shared imaginative play
    when children create and inhabit a fantasy world together.
  24. sociometric testing
    way of quantifying the social standing of indivuduals within a group.
  25. cohabitation
    unmarried couples sharing a household.
  26. socioemotional selectivity theory
    as people age they become increasingly aware of their mortality.
  27. Emotional
    - things that make you feel important, cared for, needed, valued, having a sympathetic ear.
  28. Instrumental
    • – stuff that helps you cope with the specific event
    • Filling up partners car b/c they don’t have time
    • Giving advice on the problem
  29. Visible support
    – things that partner does that you can see; can make person who needs help feel incompetent.
  30. Invisible support
    • – things that are helpful that youre not aware of will be more useful than things you are aware of.
    • Also want to BELIEVE that partner is supportive.
  31. Matching
    – want support to match the need.
  32. social support
    • visible
    • invisible
    • instrumental
    • emotional
  33. Individual coping
    – reaching out to others in your social network; coping is helpful because it reduces crossover and spillover and also because if you’re dealing well with your stress, you can help with partner’s stress.
  34. Approach
    - looking to partner for emotional support, problem solving - more healthy but if in a situation where you cant fix the problem, it wont be as effective.
  35. Avoidance
    – not effective on problems unless the problem has NO solution.
  36. Modeling
    – parent behavior is observed by the child.
  37. Direct parenting
    – saying and doing things to try to get children to behave in a specific way.
  38. Environment of parenting
    • high adaptability
    • low adaptability
    • high cohesiveness
    • low cohesiveness
  39. Cohesiveness and adaptability
    Families working best with scores in middle of adaptability and cohesiveness.
  40. High adaptability
    – no rules, everything is open.
  41. Low adaptability
    – everything has a time and place, must be done in a certain way.
  42. High cohesiveness
    • (possible enmeshment) warmth, too much togetherness
    • – no differentiation of boundaries, “I’m upset you have to be upset to” (I’m cold, you put on a sweater), no separation between yourself and others, mixing identities.
  43. Low cohesiveness
    – coldness, boundaries not differentiated.
  44. Parenting
    – anything that is going to shape the child’s development, everything the parent does.
  45. Warmth
    • – affection, love, time together, sense that parent cares/wants the best for you.
    • Aspect of parenting
  46. Consistency
    • – discipline and warmth that can be relied upon and expected during similar situations.
    • Aspect of parenting
  47. Control/discipline
    • – structure, providing an environment where the child knows what is expected of them, knows the boundaries, and receives appropriate reinforcement for desired behaviors and appropriate punishment for undesired behaviors.
    • Aspect of parenting
  48. cohesiveness and adaptability spectrum
    • Low c high a – unpredictable family
    • High c low a – lots of warmth very rigid
    • Low c low a – military no warmth,
    • High a, high c – warmth and chaos
  49. Discipline
    • Needs to happen as soon as possible after the event
    • Needs to be fair in relation to the event
  50. Anticipating
    • – thinking about the child’s needs ahead of time and planning on it
    • Going to a store or meeting – having something for the child to do because they wont be able to sit still for an hour
  51. Assessing
    • – paying attention to whether or not what you’re doing is working.
    • Noticing the coloring book is not enough, deciding to bring a doll or an iphone game next time to keep the child occupied.
  52. Problem solving
    –if it worked, great; if it didn’t work, how can work better next time
  53. Reflecting
    – may lead to more assessing and anticipating
  54. metaparenting aspects
    • anticipating
    • assessing
    • problem solving
    • reflecting
  55. Metaparenting
    – thinking about parenting, being aware on a higher level of the things that are effective and not effective in the relationship with the child
  56. intrapersonal
    = within individual
  57. interpersonal
    = between people
  58. Theory of mind
    – understanding that you have different thoughts, feelings, and experiences than another person
  59. Emotional recognition
    • With an aggressive disorder – more likely to see a neutral face as angry
    • With depression – more likely to see a neutral face as sad
  60. communication in mental health relationships affected by
    • emotional recognition
    • empathy
    • theory of mind
  61. expressed emotion
    • People with EE generally think people with mental illnesses have control over their symptoms and blame them for acting the way they do; sometimes an exaggerated belief that the ill person has no control and has to be watched all the time
    • High levels of EE associated with family conflict
  62. Actor partner interdependence model
    • Affect of my depression on my satisfaction
    • Affect of my depression on my partners satisfaction
    • Affect of Partners depression on their satisfaction
    • Affect of Partners depressions on my satisfaction
  63. Neglect
    – denying children access to needed resources (food, medical, attention)
  64. types of family violence
    • emo/psyc violence
    • physical violence
    • neglect
    • sexual abuse
  65. IPV – interpartner violence/ domestic violence/ battering
    • Nationwide 30% of couples have experienced physical aggression at least once in their relationship
    • More distressed couples it may be as high as 60%
    • Men and women are equally violent and in some instances women are more violent
  66. social information processing model
    • presented with stimulus/event
    • interpret stimulus
    • come up with possible responses to stimulus
    • evaluation of consequences to responses
    • choosing a response
    • reinforcement or punishment of response to event
  67. cohabitors
    • on road to marriage
    • testing relationship
    • uncommitted relationship
    • instead of marriage
  68. abuse prevention
    primary, secondary, tertiary prevention
  69. Primary prevention – universal prevention, to stop it from ever occurring
    • Teaching relationship skills in schools
    • Tends to be skills based – parenting and relationship skills
    • Teaching appropriate expectations of child behavior
  70. Secondary prevention – for people who are at risk or at high risk
    Less secondary than primary prevention
  71. Tertiary prevention – after problem is already present how do you deal with it; intervention
    • Self justification – person saying that their behavior is acceptable
    • Getting people to accept that their behavior is wrong is hard b/c of embarrassment or stubbornness or self justification
  72. causes of infidelity
    • predisposing factors/ distal factors – setting the stage
    • approach - A series of small decisions that lead one closer and closer to committing infidelity
    • Precipitating – The beginning of an affair – in some cases there’s no clear beginning
    • Maintenance- factors that keep infidelity going
    • Disclosure/Discovery- what happens when people find out about their partner having an affair
    • Response – how a spouse/partner reacts to the affair
  73. recovering from an affair
    • dealing with the trauma – victim and participator each have feelings
    • making meaning – knowing why it happened will help to predict/avoid events in the future
    • reaching informed decision – stay with partner or leave partner

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