Ch. 39 IDS

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SLOHS13
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143878
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Ch. 39 IDS
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2012-03-26 03:35:46
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  1. GI Bill of Rights
    Popular name for the Serviceman’s Readjustment Act, which providedassistance to former soldiers
  2. Sunbelt
    Shorthand name for the southern and western regions of the U.S. thatexperienced the highest rates of growth after World War II
  3. productivity
    The rate of worker output per hour, which grew in the United States from 1950to 1970 and then stagnated
  4. service sector
    The sector of the economy that grew most rapidly in the postwar era, surpassingthe manufacturing and agricultural sectors
  5. Levittown
    New York suburb where post war builders pioneered the techniques of mass home construction
  6. Baby boom
    Term for the dramatic rise in U.S. births that began immediately after World War II
  7. Yalta
    Big Three wartime conference that later became the focus of charges that Roosevelthad “sold out” Eastern Europe to the Soviet communists
  8. Cold War
    The extended post-World War II confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union that stopped just short of a shooting war.
  9. Bretton Woods
    Meeting of Western Allies during World War II that established the economicstructures to promote recovery and enhance FDR’s vision of an “open world”
  10. United Nations
    New international organization that experienced some early successes in diplomatic and cultural areas but failed in areas like atomic arms control
  11. Iron Curtain
    Term for the barrier that Stalin erected to block off Soviet-dominated nations of Eastern Europe from the West
  12. Marshall Plan
    American-sponsored effort to provide funds for the economic relief and recoveryin Europe
  13. NATO
    The new anti-Soviet organization of Western nations, which ended the longtimeAmerican tradition of not joining permanent military alliances
  14. Nationalists
    Jiang Jieshi’s (Chiang Kai-shek’s) pro-American forces, which lost the Chinesecivil war to Mao Zedong’s (Mao Tse-tung’s) communists in 1949
  15. NSC-68
    Key U.S. government memorandum that militarized American foreign policyand indicated national faith in the economy’s capacity to sustain large militaryexpenditures
  16. House Un-American Activities Committee
    U.S. House of Representatives committee that took the lead in investigatingalleged procommunist agents such as Alger Hiss
  17. 38th parallel
    The dividing line between North and South Korea, across which the fightingbetween communists and the United Nations forces ebbed and flowed duringthe Korean War.

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