17-1 The Psalms

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17-1 The Psalms
2012-03-26 10:39:43
Biblical Theology

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  1. Forms of Prayer
    • Blessing and Adoration
    • Petition or Supplication
    • Intercession
    • Thanksgiving
    • Praise: the most perfect form of prayer that's entirely disinterested

    All these forms of prayer are contained and expressed in the Eucharist.
  2. Doxology
    a brief formula of praise of God, arises from God's "marvelous work."

    Glory to the Father, ... will be forever. Amen.
  3. Sources of Prayer according to CCC
    • the Word of God
    • the liturgy of the Church
    • the theological virtues (faith, hope, charity)
  4. Etymology of the word "psalm"
    • Gk. psalmos, comes from the verb psallo, meaning:
    • "to strike" a musical instrument
    • "to make music"
    • "to sing hymns"

    The Jewish tradition refers to the collection as tehillim, meaning "the book of praises"
  5. Number of psalms in the Book of Psalms (Psalter)
  6. Characteristic of Hebrew poetry
    parallelism: the pairing of phrases, which don't rhyme
  7. Form Criticism
    It stresses the earliest oral units, sees literary formas as the building blocks of an oral society, and attempts to uncover the setting in life to which each type of story, tradition, or communication belongs.
  8. What question does a form critic inquire when looking at the Psalms?
    • How was the psalm originally used?
    • praise in the Temple
    • at the King's wedding
    • by pilgrims journeying to Jerusalem, etc.
  9. Three major festivals of the Jews
    • Passover: the festival of unleavened bread
    • Pentecost: First Fruits/Weeks
    • Tabernacles: Ingathering; the most important festival commemorating the time when Israel lived in shelters after leaving Egypt
  10. Possible festival/liturgical ceremonies for which indicvidual psalms were written:
    • purification and sin healing
    • pilgrimages: the songs of ascent sung by those on pigrimage to Zion
    • entrance liturgies (sung at the gate of the temple)
    • wedding
    • military victory
    • royal ceremonies
  11. Contextual Position
    Explanation of the books of the Psalms as representing differint stages in the process of gathering the songs into smaller collections, which probably went on for hundreds of years.
  12. Attribution of the psalms
    • "of David"
    • "of Asaph"
    • "of Korah"
  13. Doxology in each Book of the Psalms (there are 5 according to ancient psalter)
    "Blessed be the Lord...amen."
  14. hallel
    praise; concluding the whole psalter
  15. Two ways of developing the theology of God in the psalter
    • through titles given to God
    • through descriptions of God's actions
  16. characteristic of Psalm theology and Hebrew OT theology in general
    primarily functional (what God does) rather than ontological (asking the essence of God)
  17. hesed
    mercy, steadfast love; used to describe God's covenantal relationship with the people
  18. kabod
    the "glory" of God
  19. anawim
    the poor and powerless, for whom God has a special concern; these were the people who stayed in Judah after it was completely destroyed; they weren't princes, nor laborers; they could also be widows or orphans
  20. Literary Genres of the Psalms
    • psalm of praise: Worship Psalms/Songs of Zion/A Song of Ascents
    • individual songs of thanksgiving
    • nationa songs of thanksgiving
    • individual songs of lament
    • national songs of lament
    • royal psalms
    • wisdom psalms
  21. Two categories of Royal Psalms
    • those directly celebrating the kingship of the Lord
    • those celebrating the earthly king
  22. Messianic Psalms
    Psalms celebrating the covenant with David while making predictions about the coming of the Messiah
  23. Examples of Messianic Psalms
    20 - 21 - 78 - 89 - 132
  24. Particular contexts of the royal psalms
    • royal weddings
    • ascendancy to the throne or coronations
    • before and after battle
  25. What arouse the Messianic expectation among post-exilic Jews and Christians?
    • the failure of earthly kings to bring the righteousness, justice, prosperity, and dominion
    • the ideal hopes did not find fulfillment in David's sons, nor in the Maccabean heroes
    • in the post-exilic period, these psalms increasingly came to be interpreted in terms of a future Messiah who would re-establish God's kingdom
  26. An extremely important Messianic/Royal Psalm
    • Psalm 110:
    • read by Christians as messianic and Christological, following the example of Jesus
    • streeses the honor accorded by God to the Davidic king
    • ensures the Davidic king sovereign priestly status by comparing him with the priest-king Melchizedek
  27. the official prayer of the Church
    the Psalms
  28. Divine Office/Liturgy of the Hours
    prayer that's consisted of the Psalms and prayed regularly by all clergy and monastics
  29. seven Penitential Psalms
    6 - 32 - 38 - 51 - 102 - 130 - 143
  30. The Miserere
    Psalm 51
  31. Hallelujah
    "praise the Lord"
  32. Functional theology
    exemplified by psalm of praise; Israelites know God through what he has done for them in the past
  33. Sitzim leben
    life situation