med term 9

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med term 9
2012-03-26 16:20:04
med term test

endocrine & nervous system
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  1. aden/o
  2. adren/o, adrenal/o
    adrenal glands
  3. anter/o
    anterior, front
  4. calc/o
  5. cerebr/o
  6. encephal/o
  7. gli/o
    glue; neuroglial tissue
  8. gluc/o
    sugar, sweetness
  9. glyc/o
    sugar, sweetness
  10. acr/o
  11. carcin/o
  12. cyst/o
  13. cyt/o
  14. dermat/o
  15. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  16. gastr/o
  17. hem/o
  18. hepat/o
  19. mening/o
    meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)
  20. meningi/o
    meninges (membranes covering brain & spinal cord)
  21. myel/o
    bone marrow; spinal cord
  22. neur/o
  23. pancreat/o
  24. thym/o
    thymus gland
  25. thyroid/o
    thyroid gland
  26. vascul/o
    blood vessel
  27. hidr/o
  28. nephr/o
  29. ren/o
  30. orchid/o, orchi/o, orch/o
    testis (plural, testes)
  31. poster/o
    back (of body), behind, posterior
  32. scler/o
    hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  33. spin/o
  34. thromb/o
    blood clot
  35. toxic/o
  36. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  37. -lysis
    separation; destruction; loosening
  38. -pexy
    fixation (of an organ)
  39. -algia, -dynia
  40. -dipsia
  41. -emia
    blood condition
  42. -gen, -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  43. -glia
    glue; neuroglial tissue
  44. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
  45. -ism
  46. -itis
  47. -lith
    stone, calculus
  48. -logist
    specialist in study of
  49. -logy
    study of
  50. -megaly
  51. a-
    withou, not
  52. dys-
    bad; painful; difficult
  53. endo-
  54. -tome
    instrument to cut
  55. -tomy
  56. -malacia
  57. -oid
  58. -oma
  59. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primarily w/ blood cells)
  60. -pathy
  61. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  62. -phagia
    swallowing, eating
  63. -phasia
  64. -plegia
  65. -rrhagia
    bursting forth (of)
  66. -rrhea
    discharge, flow
  67. -uria
  68. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  69. hypo-
    under, below, deficient
  70. para-
    near, beside; beyond
  71. Addison disease
    relatively uncommon chronic disorder caused by deficiency of cortical hormones that results when the adrenal cortex is damaged or atrophied
  72. Cushing syndrome
    cluster of symptoms caused by excessive amounts of cortisol or adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) circulating in the blood
  73. diabetes mellitus (DM)
    chronic metabolic disorder of impaired carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism due to insufficient production of insulin or the body's inability to utilize insulin properly
  74. type 1 diabetes
    form of diabetes mellitus that is abrupt in onset and is due to the failure of the pancreas to produce insulin, making this type of disease difficult to regulate
  75. type 2 diabetes
    form of diabetes mellitus that is gradual in onset and results from the body's deficiency in producing enough insulin or resistance to the action of insulin by the body's cells
  76. exophthalmos
    abnormal protrusion of the eyeball(s), possibly due to thyrotoxicosis, tumor of the orbit, orbital cellulitis, leukemia, or aneurysm
  77. Graves disease
    multisystem autoimmune disorder that involves growth of the thyroid (hyperthyroidism) associated w/ hypersecretion of thyroxine; aka exophthalmic goiter, thyrotoxicosis, or toxic goiter
  78. insulinoma
    tumor of the islets of Langerhans; aka pancreatic tumor
  79. myxedema
    advanced hypothyroidism in adults that results from hypofunction of the thyroid gland and affects body fluids, causing edema and increasing blood volume and increasing blood pressure
  80. obesity
    excessive accumulation of fat that exceeds the body's skeletal and physical standards, usually an increase of 20% or more above ideal body weight
  81. morbid obesity
    body mass index (BMI) of 40 or greater, which is generally 100lb or more over ideal body weight
  82. panhypopituitarism
    total pituitary impairment that brings about a progressive and general loss of hormone activity
  83. pheochromocytoma
    small chromaffin cell tumor, usually located in the adrenal medulla
  84. pituitarism
    any disorder of the pituitary gland and its function
  85. Alzheimer disease
    chronic, organic mental disorder that is a progressive form of presenile dementia caused by atrophy of the frontal and occipital lobes of the brain
  86. epilepsy
    disorder affecting the central nervous system that is characterized by recurrent seizures
  87. Huntington chorea
    hereditary nervous disorder caused by the progressive loss of brain cells, leading to bizarre, involuntary, dancelike movements
  88. hydrocephalus
    cranial enlargement caused by accumulation of fluid w/in the ventricles of the brain
  89. multiple sclerosis
    progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized by inflammation, hardening, and loss of myelin throughout te spinal cord and brain, which produces weakness and other muscle symptoms
  90. neuroblastoma
    malignant tumor composed principally of cells resembling neuroblasts
  91. palsy
    partial or complete loss of motor function; aka paralysis
  92. Bell palsy
    facial paralysis on one side of the face because of inflammation of a facial nerve (cranial nerve VII), most likely caused by a viral infection
  93. cerebral palsy
    bilateral, symmetrical, nonprogressive motor dysfunction and partial paralysis, which is usually caused by damage to the cerebrum during gestation or birth trauma but can also be hereditary
  94. paralysis
    loss of muscle function, loss of sensation, or both
  95. Parkinson disease
    progressive, degenerative neurological disorder affecting the portio of the brain responsible for controlling movement
  96. poliomyelitis
    inflammation of the gray matter of the spinal cord caused by a virus, commonly resulting in spinal and muscle deformity and paralysis
  97. sciatica
    severe pain in the leg along the course of the sciatic nerve, which travels from the hip to the foot
  98. seizure
    convulsion or other clinically detectable event caused by a sudden discharge of electrical activity in the brain that may be classified as partial or generalized
  99. shingles
    eruption of acute, inflammatory, herpetic vesicles caused by herpes zoster virus on the trunk of the body along a peripheral nerve
  100. spina bifida
    congenital neural tube defect characterized by incomplete closure of the spial canal through which the spinal cord and menings may or may not protrude
  101. spina bifida occulta
    most common and least severe form of spina bifida w/out protrusion of the spinal cord or meninges
  102. spina bifida cystica
    more severe type of spina bifida that involves protrusion of the meninges (meningocele), spinal cord (myelocele), or both (meningomyelocele).
  103. spinal cord injuries
    severe injuries to the spinal cord, such as vertebral fractures and dislocations, resulting in impairment of spinal cord function below the level of the injury
  104. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower portion of the body and both legs
  105. quadriplegia
    paralysis of all four extremities and, usually, the trunk
  106. transient ischemic attack
    temporary interference w/ blood supply to the brain, lasting a few minutes to a few hours
  107. radioactive iodine uptake (RAIU) test
    imaging procedure that measures levels of radioactivity in the thyroid after oral or IV administration of radioactive iodine
  108. cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis
    laboratory test in which CSF obtained from a lumbar puncture is evaluated macroscopically for clarity and color, microscopically for cells, and chemically for proteins nd other substances
  109. lumbar puncture
    insertion of a needle into the subarachnoid space of the spinal column at the level of the fourth intervetebral space to w/draw cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) in order to perform various diagnostic and therapeutic procedures; aka spinal tap or spinal puncture
  110. positron emission tomography (PET)
    radiographic technique combining computed tomography w/ radiopharmaceuticals that produces a cross-sectional (transverse) image of the dispersement of radioactivity (through emission of positrons) in a section of the body to reveal the areas where the radiopharmaceutical is being metabolized and where there is a deficiency in metabolism
  111. adrenalectomy
    surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands to remove a benign or cancerous tumor, aid in correcting a hormone imbalance, prevent metastasis or, occasionally, prevent adrenal gland hormone excretion form exacerbating an existing condition such as breast cancer
  112. thyroidectomy
    excision of one lobe (subtotal thyroidectomy) or the entire thyroid gland (thyroid lobectomy)
  113. craniotomy
    surgical procedure that creates an opening in the skull to gain access to the brain during neurosurgical procedures
  114. thalamotomy
    partial destruction of the thalamus to treat psychosis or intractable pain
  115. hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    oral administration or injection of synthetic hormones to correct a deficiency in such hormones as of estrogen, testosterone, or thyroid hormone
  116. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone
  117. BG
    blood glucose
  118. BS
    blood sugar
  119. DM
    diabetes mellitus
  120. GH
    growth hormone
  121. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  122. C1, C2, and so on
    first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on
  123. CNS
    central nervous system
  124. CO
    cardiac output
  125. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid
  126. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident; costovertebral angle
  127. CVD
    cerebrovascular disease
  128. EEG
  129. EMG
  130. AP
  131. PA
  132. IV
  133. ICSH
    interstitial cell-stimulating hormone
  134. LH
    luteinizing hormone
  135. PGH
    pituitary growth hormone
  136. PTH
    parathyroid hormone
  137. RAIU
    radioactive iodine uptake
  138. TSH
    thyroid-stimulating hormone
  139. L1, L2, and so on
    first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, and so on
  140. LP
    lumbar puncture
  141. MS
    mitral stenosis; musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis; mental status; magnesium sulfate
  142. RBC, rbc
    red blood cell
  143. S1, S2
    first sacral vertebra, second sacral vertebra, and so on
  144. T1-T12
    first thoracic vertebra, second thoracic vertebra, and so on
  145. TIA
    transient ischemic attack
  146. WBC, wbc
    white blood cell
  147. CT
    computed tomography
  148. PET
    positron emission tomography
  149. MRI
    magnetic resonance imaging