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2012-03-26 21:17:35
cardiovascular system

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  1. The most common congential cardiac lesions are
    Left to right shunts
  2. a----- permits mixing of blood from system and pulmonary cirulations as a result of a lack of closure of the foramen ovale after birth
    Atrial septal defect
  3. A congenital cardiac lesion appears radiographically as an enlarge left atrium , left ventricle and central pulmonary arteries along with diffuse increased pulmonary vasculature
    Patent ductus arteriosus
  4. Which congenital cardiac lesion appears radiographically as an enlarged right artium,right ventricle and pulmonary outflow tract
    Atrial septal defect
  5. What is the radiographic evidence of ventricular septal defect
    Enlarge pulmonary trunk
  6. Which of the following is an abnormal vascular connection between the pulmonary artery and aorta
    patent ductus arteriosus
  7. All left to right shunts can be complicated by the developement of
    Pulmonary hypertension
  8. Imaging modality is the most definitive,yet the most invasive for demonstration of the heart atria and ventricles
  9. What is the most common cause of cyanotic congenital heart disease
    Tetralogy of fallout
  10. Constriction of the aorta at the distal arch is termed
    Coarctation of the aorta
  11. What persents clinically as normal blood pressure in the upper extremities and low blood pressure in the lower extremities
    coarctation of the aorta
  12. Rib notching is a radiographic characteristic of
    Coarctaton of the aorta
  13. What causes ischemic heart disease as a result of decreased oxygen to the myocardium
    Caoranary artery disease
  14. What is atherosclerosis
    Fatty deposists on the inner lining of arteries
  15. Fatty deposits along the lining of arterial walls are termed
  16. What is a myocardial infarction
    Death of myocardial cells
  17. Death of myocardial cells caused by a lack of blood supply is known as
    Myocardial infarction
  18. The inability of the heart to propel blood at a rate and volume sufficient to provide an adequte supple to the tissues is called
    Congestive heart failure
  19. What are the causes of congestive heart failure
    • Hypertension
    • Impaired heart contractions
    • Increased peripheral resistance to blood flow
  20. An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the extravascular pulmonary tissues is termed
    Pulmonary edema
  21. The most common cause of pulmonary edema is
    Elevated pulmonary venous pressure
  22. What might the cause of pulmonary edema
    • Mitral valve disease
    • Narcotic overdose
    • Adult respiratory distress syndrome
  23. The leading cause of strokes and CHF is
  24. What is aneurysm
    An area of an artery in which the walls are dilated
  25. A localized dilation of an artery is termed
  26. When an artery is dilated or bulging on only one side of the arterial wall it is termed
    Saccular aneurysm
  27. When the entire circumference of the vessel wall is bulging it is called a
    Fusiform aneurysm
  28. A potentially fatal complication of closed chest trauma is
    Traumatic rupture of aorta
  29. What is an aortic disserction
    Disruption of the intima allowing blood to flow between the layers of the wall
  30. What is a thrombus
    An intravascular clot
  31. What is an embolism
    A piece of a blood clott that enters the blood stream
  32. An autoimmune disease that results from a reaction of a patients antibodies against antigens from a previous streptococcal infection is called
    Rheumatic fever
  33. What structures are typically damaged by rheumatic fever
    Heart valves
  34. What conditions are complications of rheumatic fever?
    • Mitral valve stenosis
    • Aortic valve insufficiency
    • Aorta valve stenosis
  35. Which imaging modality is the most sensitive and specific noninvase method for diagnosing mitral valve stenoisis
  36. The accumulation of fluid in the membrane surrounding the heart is termed
    Pericardial effusion
  37. Which of the following is a major source of fatal pulmonary emboli
    Deep vein thrombosis
  38. Which of the following is a noninvasive techique used for diagnosis of deep bein thrombosis
    Color flow Doppler ultrasound
  39. Intravascular clot
  40. Fatty marerial deposits on inner arterial walls
  41. Clot material in the circulation blood
  42. Dead heart muscle cells
    Myocardial infarct
  43. Blurred vascular markings (butterfly)
    Pulmonary edema
  44. Enlarge right atrium and ventricle
    Atrial septal defect
  45. Cardiomegaly cardiothoracic ratio greater than 50%
    Congestive heart failure
  46. Enlarge left atrium left ventricle and pulmonary arteries
    Patent ductus arteriosus