med term 10

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med term 10
2012-03-26 17:46:32
med term test 10

musculoskeletal system
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  1. AE
    above the elbow
  2. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  3. AK
    above the knee
  4. AP
  5. BE
    below the elbow
  6. BK
    below the knee
  7. C1, C2, to C7
    first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on
  8. CT
    computed tomography
  9. CTS
    carpal tunnel syndrome
  10. Fx
  11. HD
    hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance
  12. HNP
    herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)
  13. IM
  14. L1, L2, to L5
    first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra, and so on
  15. MG
    myasthenia gravis
  16. ORTH, Ortho
  17. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  18. S1, S2, to S5
    first sacral vertebra, second sacral vertebra, and so on
  19. THR
    total hip replacement
  20. T1, T2, to T12
    first thoracic vertebra, second vertebra, and so on
  21. TKR
    total knee replacement
  22. muscular dystrophy
    group of hereditary diseases characterized by gradual atrophy and weakness of muscle tissue
  23. myasthenia gravis (MG)
    autoimmune neuromuscular disorder characterized by severe muscular weakness and progressive fatigue
  24. rotator cuff injuries
    injuries to the capsule of the shoulder joint, which is reinforced by muscles and tendons; aka musculotendinous rotator cuff injuries
  25. sprain
    trauma to a joint that causes injury to the surrounding ligament, accompanied by pain and disability
  26. strain
    trauma to a muscle from overuse or excessive forcible stretch
  27. talipes equinovarus
    congenital deformity of the foot; aka clubfoot
  28. tendinitis
    inflammation of a tendon, usually caused by injury or overuse; aka tendonitis
  29. torticollis
    spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles, causing stiffness and twisting of the neck; aka wryneck
  30. carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
    pain or numbness resulting from compression of the median nerve w/in the carpal tunnel (wrist canal through which the flexor tendons and median nerve pass)
  31. contracture
    fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint
  32. crepitation
    grating sound made by movement of bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction
  33. ewing sarcoma
    malignant tumor that develops from bone marrow ; usually in long bones or the pelvis
  34. gout
    hereditary metabolic disease that is a form of acute arthritis, characterized by excessive uric acid in the blood and around the joints
  35. herniated disk
    herniation or rupture of the nucleus pulposus (center gelatinous material w/in an intervertebral disk) b/n 2 vertebrae; aka prolapsed disk
  36. osteoporosis
    decrease in bone density w/ an increase in porosity, causing bones to become brittle and increasing the risk of fractures
  37. Paget disease
    skeletal disease affecting elderly people that causes chronic inflammation of bones, resulting in thickening and softening of bones and bowing of long bones; aka osteitis deformans
  38. rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
    chronic, systemic inflammatory disease affecting the synovial membranes of multiple joints, eventually resulting in crippling deformities
  39. subluxation
    partial or complete dislocation
  40. sequestrum
    fragment of a necrosed bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue
  41. ankylosing spondylitis
    chronic inflammatory disease of unknown origin that first affects the spine and is characterized by fusion and loss of mobility of 2 or more vertebrae; aka rheumatoid spondylitis
  42. kyphosis
    increased curvature of the thoracic region of the vertebral column, leading to a humpback posture; aka hunchback
  43. lordosis
    forward curvature of lumbar region of the vertebral column, leading to a swayback posture
  44. scoliosis
    abnormal sideward curvature of the spine to the leftor right
  45. spondylolisthesis
    partial forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one below it, most commonly the fifth lumbar vertebra over the first sacral vertebra; aka spinal cord compression
  46. arthrocentesis
    puncture of a joint space w/ a needle to remove flui
  47. rheumatoid factor
    blood test to detect the presence of rheumatoid factor, a substance present in patients w/ rheumatoid arthritis
  48. arthroplasty
    surgical reconstruction or replacement of a painful, degenerated joint to restore mobility in rheumatoid or osteoarthritis or to correct a congenital deformity
  49. sequestrectomy
    excision of a sequestrum (segment of necrosed bone)
  50. arthr/o
  51. calc/o
  52. calcane/o
    calcaneum (heel bone)
  53. carp/o
    carpus (wrist bones)
  54. cephal/o
  55. cervic/o
    neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
  56. chondr/o
  57. cost/o
  58. crani/o
    cranium (skull)
  59. encephal/o
  60. femor/o
    femur (thigh bone)
  61. fibul/o
    fibula (smaller, outer bone of lower leg)
  62. humer/o
    humerus (upper arm bone)
  63. cyt/o
  64. cyst/o
  65. dist/o
    far, farthest
  66. enter/o
    intestine (usually small intestine)
  67. hepat/o
  68. lumb/o
    loin (lower back)
  69. metacarp/o
    metacarpus (hand bones)
  70. myel/o
    bone marrow; spinal cord
  71. my/o
  72. oste/o
  73. patell/o
    patella (kneecap)
  74. sacr/o
  75. spin/o
  76. spondyl/o
    vertebra (backbone)
  77. vertebr/o
    vertebra (backbone)
  78. stern/o
    sternum (breastbone)
  79. tend/o
  80. tibi/o
    tibia (larger inner bone of lower leg)
  81. proxim/o
  82. radi/o
    radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on thumb side)
  83. roentgen/o
  84. scler/o
    hardening; slcera (white of eye)
  85. -centesis
    surgical puncture
  86. -ectomy
    excision, removal
  87. -plasty
    surgical repair
  88. -algia, -dynia
  89. -cele
    hernia, swelling
  90. -cyte
  91. -emia
    blood condition
  92. -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  93. -gram
    record, writing
  94. -graphy
    process of recording
  95. -ist
  96. -itis
  97. en-
    in, w/in
  98. hemi-
    one half
  99. hypo-
    under, below, deficient
  100. -rrhaphy
  101. -tomy
  102. -logist
    specialist in study of
  103. -malacia
  104. -meter
    instrument fro measuring
  105. -oma
  106. -osis
    abnormal condition
  107. -pathy
  108. -plegia
  109. -rrhexis
  110. inter-
  111. peri-
  112. quadri-