WILKINS CHAPTER 33 AND 42

Card Set Information

Author:
tigermom23
ID:
14400
Filename:
WILKINS CHAPTER 33 AND 42
Updated:
2010-04-18 13:16:53
Tags:
CHAPTERS
Folders:

Description:
WILKINS CHAPTER 33 AND 42
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user tigermom23 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. LENGTH OF TIME TO NOT EAT OR DRINK AFTER TOPICAL FLOURIDE IS USED
    30 MINUTES
  2. MOST INORGANIC MATTER OF THE TOOTH
    HYDROXYAPATITE
  3. FLOURIDE IN CITY WATER
    SODIUM SILICOFLUORIDE
  4. CHRONIC FLUORIDE TOXICITY MANIFEST IN BONES AS____
    OSTEOSCLEROSIS
  5. FORMS ENAMEL
    AMELOBLAST
  6. FLUORIDE CAN BE ONE OF TWO
    • LOW POTENCY - HIGH FREQUENCY
    • HIGH POTENCY - LOW FREQUENCY
  7. DURING MORPHOGNEISIS EXPOSURE TO FLUORIDE MAKES THE TOOTH MORE "CARIES RESISTANT"
    TRUE
  8. REMINERALIZED ENAMEL IS STRONGER THAN ORIGINAL ENAMEL
    TRUE
  9. CAUSED BY TOO MUCH FLUORIDE IN THE SYSTEM DURING TOOTH FORMATION
    FLUOROSIS
  10. THE YEAR THAT THE FIRST COMMINITIES WERE FLUORIDATED
    1945
  11. 2 WAYS THAT FLUORIDE IS MADE AVAILAVLE TO THE TOOTH SURFACES
    • SYSTEMIC
    • TOPICALLY
  12. 2 WAYS THAT FLUORIDE CAN BE INGESTED
    • GASTRO
    • BLOOD STREAM
  13. WHERE DOES ABSORPTION OF FLUORIDE TAKE PLACE
    • STOMACH
    • BLOOD STREAM
  14. THE FLUORIDE IS DISTRIBUTED BY _____
    PLASMA
  15. WHERE IS MOST FLUORIDE STORED
    • TEETH
    • BONES
  16. HOW IS FLUORIDE EXCREATED
    KIDNEYS
  17. 3 STAGES OF TOOTH DEVELOPMENT IN WHICH FLOURIDE CAN BE ADDED
    • MINERALIZATION STAGE (FORMATION)
    • MATURATION STAGE (MATURE TOOTH BUT NOT ERUPTED)
    • POSTERUPTIVE
  18. WHAT DOES FLUORIDE UPTAKE DEPEND ON
    THE LEVEL OF FLUORIDE IN THE ORAL ENVIRONMENT AND THE LENGTH OF TIME OF EXPOSURE
  19. PROCESS BY WHICH MINERALS OF THE TOOTH ARE DISOLVED BY ORGANIC ACIDS
    DEMINERALIZATION
  20. HEALING PROCESS WHERE MINERALS ARE REDEPOSITED IN THE DEMINERALIZED AREA
    REMINERALIZATION
  21. FLUROIDE INHIBITS ______ AND ENHANCES _______.
    • DEMINERALIZATION
    • REMINERALIZATION
  22. ADJUSTMENT OF FLUORIDE ION IN THE MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLY TO THE OPTIMUM CONCENTRATION THAT MAXIMIZES THE PREVENTION OF CARIES AND LIMITS ENAMEL FLUOROSIS
    FLUORIDATION
  23. WHAT IS THE RECOMMENDED FLUORIDE LEVEL FOR:
    TEMPERATE CLIMATES
    WARM CLIMATES
    COLD CLIMATES
    • TEMPERATE: 1ppm
    • WARM: .7ppm
    • COLD: 1.2ppm
  24. HOW IS FLUORDIATION OF MUNICIPAL WATER ACCOMPLISHED
    • SODIUM FLUORIDE OR
    • HYDRO FLUOROSILICIC ACID
  25. THE CONTINUOUSUSE OF FLUORIDATED WATER FROM BIRTH CAN RESULT IN AS MANY AS 40% TO 65% FEWER CARIES
    TRUE
  26. LIST OF AVAILABLE FORMS OF FLUORIDE SUPPLEMENTS
    • TABLETS
    • LOZENGES
    • ORAL DROPS
    • SWISH/SWALLOW RINSE
  27. PRESCRIPTION FLUORIDE SUPPLEMENTS SHOULD NOT EXCEED____mg OF SODIUM FLUORIDE AT A TIME
    264
  28. 3 OBJECTIVES OF PROCESSIONALLY APPLIED FLUORIDE TREATMENTS
    • PREVENTION OF CARIES
    • REMINERALIZATION
    • DEMINERALIZATION
  29. 3 METHODS OF SELF APPLIED FLUORIDE
    • TRAY
    • RINSING
    • TOOTHBRUSHING
  30. ______REFERS TO RAPID INTAKE OF AN EXCESS DOSE OVER A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME
    ACUTE TOXICITY
  31. AMOUNT OF A DRUG LIKELY TO CAUSE DEATH IF NOT INTERCEPTED BY ANTIDOTAL THERAPY
    CERTAINLY LETHAL DOSE
  32. SIGNS/SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE TOXIC DOSE OF FLUORIDE
    • NAUSEA VOMITING DIARRRHEA
    • ABDOMINAL PAIN
    • INCREASING SALIVATION/THIRST
  33. RESULTS OF CHRONIC TOXICITY
    • SKELETAL FLUOROSIS
    • DENTAL FLUOROSIS
    • MILD FLUOROSIS
  34. WHY IS REMINERALIZED ENAMEL STRONGER THAN ORIGINAL ENAMEL
    CRYSTALS ARE LARGER - MAKING IT STRONGER AND LESS SOLUBLE
  35. POLISHING ONLY WHERE NEEDED
    SELECTIVE POLISHING
  36. CAN BACTEREMIA OCCUR DURING POLISHING
    YES
  37. THE OUTER LAYER OF ENAMEL IS AFFECTED DURING POLISHING, HOW??
    POLISHING REDUCES THE OUTER LAYER OF ENAMEL
  38. WHY DO WE NOT USE POLISH PASTE ON RESINS
    IT MAKES THEM MORE PORUS AND MORE LIKELY TO STAIN
  39. HOW IS THE GINGIVAL AFFECTED DURING POLISHING
    • CAN REMOVE EPITHELIUM INSIDE THE CREST OF THE FREE GINGIVA
    • CAN BE FORCED INTO THE SUBEPITHELIUM TISSUE AND CAUSE IRRITATION
  40. INDICATIONS FOR STAIN REMOVAL
    • TO REMOVE EXTRINSIC STAINS
    • TO PREPARE TEETH FOR CARIES PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES
    • TO INCREASE PATIENT MOTIVATION
  41. PELLICLE ON THE TOOTH SURFACE ACTS AS A BARRIER TO FLUORIDE UPTAKE
    FALSE-PELLICLE DOES NOT EFFECT FLUORIDE UPTAKE
  42. WHAT EFFECT DO MORE PARTICLES HAVE ON TOOTH SURCACES
    THE MORE PARTICLES THE FASTER THE ABRASION
  43. WHAT EFFECT DOES SPEED AND PRESSURE HAVE ON THE TOOTH SURFACE
    INCREASED SPEED NEEDS DECREASED PRESSURE
  44. GRIT REFERS TO WHAT CHARACTERISTIC OF ABRASIVE PARTICLES
    GRIT=SIZE
  45. DISTANCE OF CAVITRON TIP MOVEMENT MEASURED IN MICOMETERS
    AMPLITUDE
  46. SPEED OF TIP (MOVEMENT # OF TIMES PER SECOND THE TIP MOVES)
    FREQUENCY
  47. DEViCES OPERATING AT FREQUENCIES ABOVE AUDIBLE RANGE (18-50KHz RANGE)
    ULTRASONICS
  48. POLISHING ONLY THE TEETH AND/OR SURFACES THAT ARE NECESSARY
    SELECTIVE POLISHING
  49. HOW DO WE PREVENT BACTEREMIA DURING POLISHING
    PREMEDICATITON
  50. HOW ARE AEROSOLS PRODUCED DURING THE POLISHING PROCEDURE
    IN ALL WAYS
  51. HOW IS THE OYTER LAYER OF ENAMEL AFFECTED DURING THE POLISHING PROCEDURE
    REDUCES THE ENAMEL
  52. WHAT TYPE OF PROPHY PASTE SHOULD BE USED
    FINE - UNLESS STAIN IS TENATIOUS
  53. WHAT TYPE OF CONSIDERATIONS SHOULD BE TAKEN IN AREAS WHERE CEMENTUM AND DENTIN ARE EXPOSED
    AVOID THESE AREAS
  54. WHAT ARE THE INDICATIONS FOR STAIN REMOVAL
    REMOVE EXTRINSIC STAINS THAT ARE NOT REMOVED BY SCALING AND TOOTHBRUSHING
  55. WHAT ARE THE PURPOSES AND BENEFITS OF THE WATER SPRAY
    IRRIGATION
  56. TWO TYPES OF ULTRASONIC SCALING DEVICES
    • MAGNETOSTRICTIVE
    • PIEZOELECTRIC
  57. SONIC SCALING DEVICES ARE DRIVEN BY____
    AIR
  58. CONVERTS AIR PRESSURE INTO HIGH FREQUENCY SOUND WAVES
    SONIC SCALER
  59. RANGE OF FREQUENCY FOR THE SONIC SCALER
    2500-7000 CPS
  60. BEST TYPE OF ULTRASONIC SCALER
    FOCUS SPRAY - WATER COMES FORM TIP
  61. TYPE OF ULTRASONIC SCALER THAT THE WATER COMES FROM THE TIP
    FOCUS SPRAY
  62. MODERATE TO HEAVY SHALLOW SUBCALCULUS
    UNIVERSAL TIP
  63. THINNER AND LONGER BETTER FOR SUBGINGIVAL CALCULUS-USES LOW TO MEDIUM POWER
    SLIMLINE
  64. TYPE ESPECIALLY FOR FURCATION
    BALL POINT TIP
  65. NOT FOR SUBGINGIVAL - USED FOR HEAVY CALCULUS
    BEAVERTAIL
  66. METHOD OF CREATING MECHANICAL MOVEMENT USING A LOW VOLTAGEMAGNETIC STRIP-STACK OF METAL STRIPS
    MAGNETOSTRICTIVE ULTRAONSIC
  67. LATERAL SURFACES ARE ACTIVE - HANDPIECE CONTAINS NONREMOVABLE CRYSTALS
    PIEZOELECTRIC ULTRASONIC
  68. ALL SIDES ARE ACTIVE - OPERATING IN AN AUDIBLE RANGE-OPERATE AT 3 TO 8kHz
    SONICS
  69. SPEED OF TIP MOVEMENT - # OF CYCLES
    FREQUECY
  70. ELECTRICAL ENERGY IN THE HANDPIECE - USED TO GENERATE MOVEMENT IN THE INSERT
    POWER
  71. INCREASING THE ______INCREASES THE DISTANCE THE DISTANCE THE INSERT MOVES
    POWER
  72. DISTANCE OF THE TIP MOVEMENTS - MEASURED IN MICROMETERS - DETERMINES POWER OUTPUT
    AMPLITUDE
  73. SWIRLING EFFECT WHICH DISRUPTS THE BIOFILM-INCREASED AS THE POWER KNOW IS INCREASED
    ACOUSTIC TURBULENCE
  74. FORMATION OF BUBBLES-BUBBLES IMPLODE - PRODUCES SHOCK WAVES IN THE LIQUID - KILLS BACTERIA
    CAVITATION
  75. SUCULAR-REMOVES BELOW GUMLINE-45 DEGREE ANGEL-
    BASS METHOD
  76. NOT EMPHASIED ON TISSUE - FLEX BRISTLES ON THE TOOTH-ROLL AWAY FROM THE SULCUS-GOOD FOR CHILDREN WITH HEALTHY TISSUE
    ROLL METHOD
  77. MASSAGE AND STIMULATE (ROLLING STROKE AND VIBRATE)-MIN TISSUE TRAUMA-INCREASED BIOFILM REMOVAL
    • MODIFIED STILLMAN
    • (massage) (stimulate)
  78. 45 DEGREE ANGLE TOWARD THE OCCLUSAL-FORCE TIPS INTO INTERPROXIMAL AREAS-GOOD FOR BRIDGES AND MARGINS OF CROWNS
    CHARTERS
  79. TEETH CLOSED - CIRCULAR MOTIONS-USED MAINLY FOR CHILDREN
    FONES
  80. MOST COMMON FILAMENTS
    NYLON
  81. EXTRA SOFT .075mm TO HARD .3mm/END IS RUNDED TO PREVENT TRAUMA
    NYLON
  82. MADE FROM HOG HAIR-NOT A UNIFORM TEXTURE-SIZE OF BRISTLES ARE VARIED
    NATURAL BRISTLES
  83. POWER TOOTHBRUSHES ARE MOST OFTEN USED BY WHAT TYPE OF PATIENTS
    • ORHTO
    • PROSTHODONTIC
    • DISABLED
    • IMPLANTS
  84. POWER TOOTHBRUSH MOTIONS
    • 360 DEGREE CIRCLE
    • OSCILLATION-ROTATES FROM CENTER TO L/R
    • PULSATING-PULSATES TOWARD INTERPROXIMAL
  85. TONGUE CLEANING BENEFITS WHAT TYPE OF PATIENTS
    • XEROSTOMIA
    • COATED TONGUE
    • DEEP FISSURES
  86. TYPE OF TOOTH PASTE TO RECOMMEND FOR "ORGANIC" PEOPLE
    TOM'S OF MAINE NATURAL TOOTH PASTE
  87. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE IN THE CHARTER'S METHOD
    45 DEGREE ANGLE AWAY FROM THE TISSUE
  88. FAINTING
    SYNCOPE
  89. NORMAL PULSE RANGE
    60-100
  90. ABNORMAL RHYTHM
    ARRHYTHMIA
  91. TUBE FOR INSERTION INTO A DUCT OR CAVITY
    CANNULA
  92. FITS INTO PATIENT NASAL CAVITY
    NASLA CANNULA
  93. SUDDEN UNEXPECTED STOPPAGE OF THE HEART
    CARDIAC ARREST
  94. DRY CRACKLING SOUND-
    CREPTIATION
  95. TERMINATION OF ARTIAL OR VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
    DEFIBRILLATION
  96. INVOLUNTARY MUSCLE CONTRACTION CAUSE BY SPONTANEOUS ACIVATION OF SINGLE MUSCLE FIBERS
    FIBRILLATION
  97. CARDIAC AARRHYTHMIA MARKED BY FIBRILLARY CONTRACTIONS OF THE VENTRICULAR MUSCLE
    VENTRICULAR FIBIRLLATION

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview