Anatomy Study Guide 7

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Anonymous
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144007
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Anatomy Study Guide 7
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2012-03-26 17:16:41
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Ogeechee Tech Anatomy Chapter 12 13
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Mrs. Riley
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  1. ______ of blood flow is slowest in capillaries.
    Velocity
  2. The _____ is part of the brain that regulates heart rate.
    Medulla
  3. Starling's Law of the heart says that when cardic muscles are stretched, the more forcefully they will ______.
    Contract
  4. The ______ arteries are branches of the aorta and supply oxygen to the myocardium.
    Coronary
  5. The purpose of ______ is to take blood to and from the lungs for gas exchange.
    Pulmonary Circulation
  6. The function of ______ in veins is to prevent back flow of blood.
    Valves
  7. The _______ carry impulses from the medulla to decrease heart rate.
    Vagus Nerves
  8. ______ is the term for contraction of the chambers of heart.
    Systole
  9. ______ carry blood from the heart to the capillaries.
    Arteries
  10. The heart and lungs are located in this ______ .
    Thoracic Cavity
  11. A ______ will cause the sensation of pain in the heart.
    Lack of Oxygen
  12. Blood flow to the ______ will increase during exercise.
    Skin
  13. ______ is the term for relaxation of the chambers of the heart.
    Diastole
  14. The part of the Thoracic Cavity in which the heart is located is the ______.
    Mediastinum
  15. ______ are located in the carotid and aortic sinuses and detect changes in blood pressure.
    Pressoreceptors
  16. An ______ in the vascular system is a connection between 2 arteries or 2 veins.
    Anastomosis
  17. The normal states of arteries and veins is slightly _____ to maintain BP.
    Constricted
  18. The fluid that prevents friction between the parietal and visceral pericardium of the heart is called the ______.
    Serous Fluid
  19. In one ______, when the ventricles are in systole, the atria are in diastole.
    Cardiac Cyle
  20. ______ carry blood from capillaries to the heart.
    Veins
  21. Pressoreceptors detect changes in ______.
    Blood Pressure
  22. The ______ is the name for the muscular wall of the chambers of the heart.
    Myocardium
  23. The foramen ovale and ductus arteriosus permit most blood to bypass the fetal ______.
    Lungs
  24. The part of the heart the initiates each beat is the ______
    SA Node
  25. Capillaries walls are ______ because they are made of simple squamous epithelium which permits exchanges of materials.
    Thin
  26. The ______ is the name for the lining of the chambers of the heart.
    Endocardium
  27. In blood pressure readings, the ______ reading is listed first.
    Systolic
  28. ______ are located in aortic and carotid bodies and detect changes in blood oxygen levels.
    Chemoreceptors
  29. The _______ is where the impulses for contraction of the heart passes from the atria to the ventricles.
    Bundle of His
  30. The function of the myocardium of the heart is to ______ blood.
    Pump
  31. Blood flow to the skeletal muscles will ______ during exercise.
    Increase
  32. The ______ are branches of the thoracic aorta.
    Intercoastal Arteries
  33. In capillaries, oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged by the process of ______.
    Diffusion
  34. ______ is prevented by the smooth endocardium in the heart.
    Clotting
  35. After the impulse for contraction goes through the AV node, it then travels to the _______.
    AV node
  36. Chemoreceptors detect changes in blood ______ levels.
    Oxygen
  37. Blood flow in the digestive tract will _______ during exercise.
    Decrease
  38. Blood is returned to the heart by the superior and inferior ______.
    Caval Veins
  39. Exchanges between fetal and maternal blood take place in the ______.
    Placenta
  40. The normal resting _______ for an adult is 60-80 bpm.
    Heart Rate
  41. Blood flow to the brain will ______ during exercise.
    Remain The Same
  42. _______ return blood from the lungs to the left atrium.
    Pulmonary Veins
  43. The function of the lining of an artery is to prevent abnormal ______.
    Clotting
  44. In capillaries, nutrients in plasma are brought to tissues by the process of ______.
    Filtration
  45. ______ is the amount of blood pumped by the left ventricle in one minute.
    Cardiac Output
  46. The vessel that take blood from the left ventricle to the body is the ______.
    Aorta
  47. The purpose of the hepatic ______ is to enable the liver to regulate blood levels of nutrients and other substances.
    Portal Circulation
  48. ______ is the term for high blood pressure.
    Hypertension
  49. The function of the middle layer of an artery is to help _______.
    Maintain BP
  50. The pulmonary artery takes blood from the right ventricle to the ______.
    Lungs
  51. The _______ of the heart is the percent of the blood within a ventricle that is pumped.
    Ejection Fraction
  52. ______ carry blood from arterioles to venules.
    Capillaries
  53. The function of the outer layer of an artery is to prevent _____.
    Rupture
  54. The ______ of the heart prevent backflow of blood in the heart.
    Valves

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