Wildlife

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Author:
klokot
ID:
14403
Filename:
Wildlife
Updated:
2010-04-13 21:42:48
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Wildlife txt
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Wildlife Study Guide
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  1. K P C O F G S
    Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species
  2. What does the word Mammal mean?
    Have hair and milk (warm blooded, live birth, developed brain, differentiated dentition)
  3. 3 steps in identifying a skull
    1. size of skull times 3.5 equals body length

    • 2. teeth: carnivores= stabbers & slicers
    • herbivores= scrappers & grinders
    • omnivores= stabbers & grinders

    3. special characteristics
  4. Didelphimorphia
    • “having the form of two wombs”, marsupials, 5 digits on front and rear feet,
    • big toe is opposable, long canine teeth, 19 species in 1 family (didelphidae)
  5. Soricomorpha
    • “shrew-form” most have smooth fur(all in ny have this), 5 digits on front and back feet,
    • tiny ears and eyes, excellent sense of smell, 4 families
  6. Soricidae
    literally “shrew”, small, common, active, 300 species
  7. Talpidae
    literally “mole” , small, common, active mostly below ground, large front feet, 42 species
  8. Chiroptera
    literally “hand-wing” , the bats, only flying mammals, 925 species (20% of all mammal species)
  9. Vespertilionidae
    literally “evening bats”, largest family
  10. Phyllostomidae
    literally “leaf-nosed”, includes vampire bats
  11. Lagomorpha
    literally “form of a hare” (lagos=hare in greek), one common charateristic= six incisors that continually grow four on top two on bottom
  12. Lleporidae
    literally “hare” (lepus is hare in latin) rabbits & hares
  13. Rodentia
    • literally “gnawing teeth” , largest order of mammals ( with 40% of mammal species),
    • one common characteristics = 4 incisors that continually grow, 5 hind toes, 4 or 5 front toes
  14. Sciuridae
    Squirrels
  15. Muridae
    Old world mice and rats (introduced)
  16. Cricetidae
    New world mice and rats (native)
  17. Castoridae
    Beaver
  18. Erithizontidae
    Porcupine
  19. Carnivora
    • literally “ meat-eater” (but some are omnivores), large canine teeth, 13 families,
    • 270 specie, carnivora is a order, carnivore is a lifestyle
  20. Canidae
    Dogs
  21. Felidae
    Cats
  22. Mephitidae
    Skunks
  23. Mustelidae
    Weasels
  24. Procyonidae
    Raccoon
  25. Ursidae
    Bears
  26. Artiodactyla
    literally “even-toed”, refers to split hoof, unguligrade, 10 families, 220 species
  27. Cervidae
    Deer
  28. Antilocapridae
    Pronghorn
  29. Bovidae
    Bison, sheep & goats
  30. Digitigrade
    • Walking on toes, examples include dogs and cats, this is an adaptation for running
    • (Cursorial)
  31. Unguligrade
    • Walking on tips of toes (hooves), examples include deer and pigs, this is an adaptation
    • for running (Cursorial)
  32. Plantigrade
    • Walking on whole foot (including soles), examples include bears and humans, this is an
    • adaptation for walking (ambulatory
  33. Saltatorial
    Jumping or hopping, examples include rabbits and hares
  34. Scansorial
    • Adapted to climb with sharp claws, examples include gray squirrel,
    • arboreal means tree dwelling.
  35. Fossorial
    Adapted to dig and live underground, examples include moles and badgers
  36. Aquatic
    Lives entirely in the water, whales, dolphins and manatees
  37. Semi-aquatic
    adapted to live in the water and land, examples include beaver, muskrat, river otter and mink
  38. Volant
    • Adapted to glide, examples include flying squirrels, and sugar gliders, some define
    • this as any flight true or gliding.
  39. Aerial
    True flight, all bats and only bats
  40. Herbivore
    Feeding on plants
  41. Grazer
    • Feeding on growing plant material or grazers eat green grass on the
    • ground. Ex- cow
  42. Browser
    • Feeds on twigs of trees and shrubs or browsers bite brown branches
    • Ex- Giraffe
  43. Frugivore
    Feeds on fruit
  44. Granivore
    Feeds on grain
  45. Carnivore
    Flesh-eating
  46. Piscivore
    Eats fish
  47. Insectivore
    Feeds on insects, invertebrates
  48. Sanguivore
    Feeds on blood
  49. Omnivore
    Feeding on both animal and vegetable foods
  50. 3 GROUPS BASED ON BIRTHING STRATEGY
    Monotremes (eggs)

    Marsupials (pouch)

    Placental Mammals

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