failure to act, there is a duty or responsibility and damage occured
standard of care
the level of competency anticipated or mandated in the performance of the service or duty
enacted by legislation
mandated by laws and are tools to implement those laws
CWA - clean water act
-emergency response to spills in water ways. (primarily oil spills.)
-established the national response system (NRS), national contingency plan (NCP), and national response team (NRT).
-mandates federal regulations.
(RCRA) - Resource conservation and recovery act
dealt with treatment, storage and disposal of all wastes.
environmentally safe handling of waste
(CERCLA) - comprehensive environmental response, compensation and liability act of 1980
commonly known as the superfund
expanded the NRT
placed additional emphasis on emergency response.
(SARA) - superfund amendments and reauthorization act
integrated state and local goverment during responses
development of safety and training standards
community planning and right to know
(OSHA) - occupational health and safety act
mandates guidelines for worker safety
covered under 29 CFR 1910.120
(EPA) 40 CFR 300-311
identical regulation as 29 CFR 1910.120. so there is no difference between OSHA and EPA states.
(DOT) 49 CFR 100-199
hazmat transportation regulations. to include shipping requirements, placards and labeling, shipping papers, containers, and classifications.
enforced by state and local agencies.
standard for competence of responders to hazardous material/WMD incidents
basis for 29 CFR 1920.120
exceeds EPA and OSHA requirements
standard of cometencies for EMS personnel responding to hazmat and WMD incidents
first responders at the awareness level shall be trained to meet all competencies
recognize the presence
call for trained personnel
secure the area
analyze the incident
detect- the presence of hazmat/WMD
survey- for ID#, placard, or other distinctive markings
collect- hazard info from the DOT, ERG.
implement - actions consistent with the emergency response plan and ERG, by completing the following tasks
isolation- set perimeters and zones using the ERG.
protection- initiate the incident command system, ensure protection of responders and the pudlic
Hazardous materials- as difined by NFPA 472
a substance that when released is capable of creating harm to people, the environment, and property, including WMD, as well as any criminal use of hazmat
hazardous materials is defined by DOT as
hazmat to cover 9 hazard clases, some of which have subcategories called divisions. includes in it, regulations hazardous substances and hazardous wastes as class 9 (miscellaneous hazmat), both of which are regulated by the U.S. EPA.
Hazardous substances is defined by the EPA as
chemicals that, if released into the environment above a certain amount, must be reported, and, depending on the threat tothe environment, federal involvement in handling the incident can be authorized.
Hazardous substances as used by OSHA
every chemical regulated by both DOT and EPA
extremely hazardous substances is defined by EPA for
chemicals that must be reported to the appropriate authorities if released above the threshold reporting quantity. identified in title 3 of (SARA) 40 CFR 355.
toxic chemicals is defined by the EPA for
chemicals whose total emissions or releases must be reported annually by owners and operators of certain facilities that manufacture, process, or othrwise use a listed toxic chemical. the list of toxic chemicals is identified in title 3 of SARA.
EPA uses the term hazardous wastes for
chemicals that are regulated under the resource, conservation, and recovery act (40 CFR 261.33) hazardous wastes in transport are regulated by DOT
OSHA uses the term Hazardous Chemicals to
denote any chemical that would be a risk to employees if they were exposed in the workplace. Covers a broader group of chemicals than the other chemical lists.
in the United Nations model codes and regulations, hazardous materials are called
OSHA uses the term Highly hazardous chemicals for
chemicals that fall under the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.119. chemicals that possess toxic, reactive, flammable, or explosive properties.
Weapons of Mass Destruction
any destructive device, such as any exlosive, incendiary, or poison gas, bomb, grenade, rocket having apropellant charge of more that 4 ounces, missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than one quarter ounce, mine, or device similar to the above.
any weapon involving toxic or poisonous chemicals
any weapon involving a disease organism
any weapon that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human life.
DOT has classified hazardous materials/ WMD accordig to
their primary danger and assigned standardized symbols to identify the classes.
Explosives - major hazard - explosion
definition: any substance or article, including a device that is designed to function by explosion or that, by chemical reaction within itself is able to function by explosion
Explosives that have a mass explosive hazard. one that affects almost the entire load instantaneously.
Ex: black powder, dynamite, T-N-T
Explosives that have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard.
Ex: aerial flares, detonation cord, and power device cartridges.
explosives that have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard, or both, but not a mass explosion hazard.
Ex: liquid-fueled rocket motors, and propellant explosives
explosive devices that present a minor explosion hazard. no device in the division may contain more than 25 grams (0.9oz) of a detonating material. the explosive effects are largely confined to the package and no projection of fragments of appreciable size or range is expected. an external fire must not cause virtually instantaneous explosion of almost the entire contents of the package.
Ex: line throwing rockets, practice ammo, and signal cartridges.
Very insensitive explosion substances that have a mass explosion hazard but, are so insensitive that there is very little probability of initiation or of transition from burning to detonation under normal conditions of transport.
Extremely insensitive articles, do not have a mass explosive hazard. contain only extremely insensitive detonating substances and that demonstrate a negligible probability of accidental initiation or propagation.
a material that presents a hazard during transport, but that is not included in another hazard class.
any material that has anestehetic, noxious, or other similar property that could cause extreme annoyance or discomfort to flight crew members so as to prevent the correct performance of assigned duties.
Ex: adipic acid, PCBs, molten sulfur.
other regulated materials
a pateial that presents a limited hazard during trortation due to its form, quantity, and packaging.
Ex: includes consumer commodities, small arms ammo.