18-3 Job, Ecclesiastes
Card Set Information
18-3 Job, Ecclesiastes
Three friends of Job
the person who challenges both Job and his three friends
another name for Ecclesiastes
What does Qoheleth mean?
head of the church assembly
Who is Qoheleth?
What does Qoheleth challenge/
What is Ecclesiastes known as?
the most skeptical book in the Bible
literary device of Ecclesiastes
reflection based on experience
Themes in Ecclesiastes
the great gulf between the transcendent God and our human striving to understand and so control him
Life (both individual life and the course of history) is cyclic, without any direction or purpose (no linear view of history)
the problem of evil
What might Song of Songs have been?
a love poem or wedding song
Why did the Jewish rabbis hesitate to accept Song of Songs into the canon of Scriptures?
because of its lusty nature
What made the Jewish rabbis assent to include Song of Songs into the canon/
belief that the Song of Songs allegorically describes the Lord's love for Israel
How is the Song of Songs extremely influential in Christian mystical theology?
It is seen as an allegory of the love of Christ for the Church, or for the soul of the individual believer.
What is the longest Wisdom Book (excluding the Psalms)?
the Authorship of Ecclesiasticus
The author or translator is a Jew who arrived in Egypt in 132 BC and then began translating his grandfather's book from Hebrew into Greek.
What is the dating of the original Hebrew text of Ecclesiasticus?
190 and 175 BC
Where have fragments of the Hebrew text of Ecclesiasticus been found?
Cairo, Palestine, Qumran
Why did the Jewish rabbis not accept Ecclesiasticus into the canon?
because it was not from the time of Ezra of before
What does Ecclesiasticus function as for Christians?
It functions as catechetical instruction among Christians, who knew it as ecclesiasticus---"the church book".
What may be the last OT book to be written?
In what language is Wisdom known?
Greek, and only Greek.
Where and when was Wisdom written?
In Egypt in the 1st century BC
What was the significance of the writing of both Ecclesiasticus and Wisdom in Egypt?
They reassure the Jews in Egypt that keeping their faith is worhtwhile despite the hardships of living in a pagan land.
Two themes of Wisdom that make it stands out from other wisdom writing
salvation history as a lesson for learning wisdom
immortality as an explanation of how God rewards the sufferings of the just