255

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Author:
marlasherman
ID:
144077
Filename:
255
Updated:
2012-03-26 22:47:07
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Gastrointestinal System
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Description:
gastrintestinal
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  1. Acquired tracheoesophageal (TE) fistulas are commonly caused by
    Malignancy in the mediastinum
  2. What is esophageal atresia
    Congential condition in which the esophagus end in a blind pouch
  3. Failure of a satisfactory esophageal lumen to develop separate from the trachea is termed
    Tracheoesophageal fistula
  4. What is a serious complication of TE fistula
    Aspiration pneumonia
  5. What is the most common cause of acute esophagitis
    Gastroesophageal reflux
  6. What increases the likelihood of reflux esophagitis
    Hiatal hernia
  7. What is strongly correlated with esophageal carcinoma
    • Excessive alcohol intake
    • Smoking
  8. What imaging procedure is used to detect esophageal carcinoma
    Double contrast barium swallow
  9. What imaging procedure is used to demonstrate dilated veins in the walls of the esophagus
    Double contrast barium swallow
  10. What is the most common abnormality found on GI exams
    Hiatal hernia
  11. Perforation of the esophagus may be a complication of all of except for
    Hiatal hernia
  12. What are complications of peptic ulcer disease
    • Hemorrhage
    • Obstruction
    • Perforation
  13. What is the most common cause of acute gastrointestinal bleeding
    Peptic ulcer disease
  14. What is the most common manifestation of peptic ulcer disease
    Doudenal ulcer
  15. Where is the most common location of gastric ulcers
    Lesser curvature
  16. Where in the stomach do most gastric cancers occur
    Distal stomach
  17. A chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause that often affects the terminal ileum is called
    Crohn's disease
  18. The most common cause of amechanical small bowel obstruction is
    Fibrous adhesions
  19. A common disorder of intertinal motor activity in which fluid and gas do not progress normally through an unobstructed bowel is called
    Adynamic ileus
  20. What is the major cause of bowel obstruction in children
    Intussusception
  21. What is intussusception
    The telescoping of one part of the intestinal tract into another
  22. in which age group is appendicitis more common
    Children and adolescents
  23. What imaging modality is the gold standard for appendicitis
    CT
  24. A condition of acquired herniations of mucosa and submucosa through muscular layers at points of weaknesses of the bowel wall is known as
    Diverticulosis
  25. Progressive shortening and rigidity of the colon and absent haustral patterns are radiographic evidence
    Chronic ulcerative colitis
  26. What is an ominous complication of ulcerative colitis
    Toxic megacolon
  27. What is one of the most typical forms of primary colon cancer
    Annular
  28. What is one of the most common causes of obstruction in the large bowel
    Primary colon cancer
  29. Where in the colon do most primary cancers arise
    In preexisting polyps
  30. A twisting of the bowel on itself that may lead to obstruction is termed
    Volvulus
  31. Varicose veins of the lower end of the rectum that cause symptoms of pain, itching, and bleeding are
    Hemorrhoids
  32. What is the primary cause of acute cholecystitis
    Impacted gallstone in the cystic duct
  33. What is a common complication of cirrhosis
    Ascites
  34. What is the most common cause of acute pancreatitis
    Excessive alcohol consumption
  35. What imaging modality is the most effective for detection of carcinoma of the pancreas
    CT
  36. What is a sign of perforation of the GI tract
    Pheumopertoneum

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