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  1. Attention is selectivity of what?
  2. What is the term for not picking up minor changes in the environment?
    Change blindness
  3. Attention can be divided or what?
  4. Which type of task requires a participant to listen to different messages and attend to only one ear?
    Dichotic listening tasks
  5. What did Cherry (1953) propose?
    The Cocktail Party effect
  6. The Cocktail Party effect says that what characteristics of a message are important?
  7. What type of physical characteristics of a message are important?
    Gender of speaker, Voice intensity, Location of speaker
  8. Who suggested that the lack of memory for unattended messages suggests a filter early on in processing?
    Broadbent (1958)
  9. What three stages follow the input in Broadbent's (1958) model?
    • Sensory Buffer
    • Selective Filter
    • Short-term Memory
  10. Broadbent (1958) suggests that physical characteristics are used to ___ information.
  11. What is the main problem with early selection models?
    • There are problems related to practice in shadowing:
    • Novices 8%
    • Experts 67% (unattended ear)
  12. What model did Treisman (1964) propose?
    Attenuation model
  13. Tresiman's Attenuation model suggests that all inputs are processed ___?
  14. Treisma (1964) argues that some channels receive reduced analysis, or are ___.
  15. Treisman's model says that stimuli undergo which three kinds of analysis?
    • Physical processing
    • Linguistic processing
    • Semantic processing
  16. Late selection models say that all stimuli are fully processed right up to what level?
  17. Deutsch and Deutsch (1963;1967) argue that what stimuli grabs attention?
    Most important or relevant
  18. Lexical decision taks ask participants to confirm what?
    Whether something is a word or a non-word
  19. Who distinguished between active and passive modes of attention?
    James (1890)
  20. Which mode of attention is controlled in a top-down way by individuals goals and expectations?
  21. Which mode of attention is controlled in a bottom-up way by external stimuli e.g. a loud noise?
  22. As well as active and passive attention, the other importanr distinctionis what?
    Focused and Divided
  23. When a participant said a word that had been presented on the unattended channel suring a shadowing task, this was termed what?
Card Set
Attention - Cognitive Psychology
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