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Attention is selectivity of what?
What is the term for not picking up minor changes in the environment?
Attention can be divided or what?
Which type of task requires a participant to listen to different messages and attend to only one ear?
Dichotic listening tasks
What did Cherry (1953) propose?
The Cocktail Party effect
The Cocktail Party effect says that what characteristics of a message are important?
What type of physical characteristics of a message are important?
Gender of speaker, Voice intensity, Location of speaker
Who suggested that the lack of memory for unattended messages suggests a filter early on in processing?
What three stages follow the input in Broadbent's (1958) model?
Broadbent (1958) suggests that physical characteristics are used to ___ information.
What is the main problem with early selection models?
There are problems related to practice in shadowing:
Experts 67% (unattended ear)
What model did Treisman (1964) propose?
Tresiman's Attenuation model suggests that all inputs are processed ___?
Treisma (1964) argues that some channels receive reduced analysis, or are ___.
Treisman's model says that stimuli undergo which three kinds of analysis?
Late selection models say that all stimuli are fully processed right up to what level?
Deutsch and Deutsch (1963;1967) argue that what stimuli grabs attention?
Most important or relevant
Lexical decision taks ask participants to confirm what?
Whether something is a word or a non-word
Who distinguished between active and passive modes of attention?
Which mode of attention is controlled in a top-down way by individuals goals and expectations?
Which mode of attention is controlled in a bottom-up way by external stimuli e.g. a loud noise?
As well as active and passive attention, the other importanr distinctionis what?
Focused and Divided
When a participant said a word that had been presented on the unattended channel suring a shadowing task, this was termed what?
Attention - Cognitive Psychology