Thigh muscles

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Author:
Sarah04
ID:
144256
Filename:
Thigh muscles
Updated:
2012-03-27 18:08:37
Tags:
Kinesiology
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Description:
Medial and anterior thigh muscles
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  1. What is the proximal attachment for the tensor fasciae latae?
    Anterior superior iliac spine and anterior iliac crest
  2. What is the distal attachment of the tensor fasciae latae?
    illitibial tract that attaches to lateral condyle of tibia
  3. What is the actions of the tensor fasciae latae?
    abducts, medially rotates, and flexes thigh at hip; helps keep knee extended
  4. What is the attachment of the sartorius?
    Anterior superior iliac spine and superior part of notch inferior to it
  5. What is the distal attachment of sartorius?
    superior part of medial surface fo tibia
  6. What is the action of the sartorius?
    flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates thigh at hip; flexes knee joint
  7. What is the proximalattchment for the rectus femoris?
    anterior inferior iliac spine and ilium spine to acetabulum
  8. What is the distal attachment for the rectus femoris?
    base of patella and by patellar ligament to tinial tuberosity
  9. What is the action of the rectus femoris?
    extends leg at knee joint; rectus femoris also steadies hip joint and helps illiopsoas flex thigh at hip
  10. What is the proximal attachment of the vastuc lateralis?
    Greater trochanter and lateral lip of linea aspera of femur
  11. What is the distal attachemnt of the vastus lateralis?
    base of patella and by patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.
  12. What is the action of the vastus lateralis?
    extends leg at knee joint
  13. What is the proximal attachment for the vastus medialis?
    intertrochanteris line and medial lip of linea aspera of femur
  14. What is the distal attachment of the vastus medialis?
    Base of patella and by patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity
  15. What is the action of the vastus medialis?
    extends leg at knee joint
  16. What is the proximal attachment of the vastus intermedius?
    anterior and lateral surface of femoral shaft
  17. What is the distal attachment of the vastus intermedius?
    base of patella and by patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity
  18. What is the action of the vastus intermedius?
    extends the leg at the knee
  19. what is the proximal attachment of the Adductor longus?
    body of pubis inferior to pubic crest
  20. What is the distal attachment fo the adductor longus?
    middle third of linea aspera
  21. What is the action of the adductor longus?
    adducts and medially rotates thigh at hip
  22. What is the proximal attachment of the adductor brevis?
    body and inferior ramus of pubis
  23. What is the distal attachment of the adductor brevis?
    pectineal line and proximal part of linea aspera of femur
  24. What is the action of the adductor brevis?
    adducts thigh at hip and to some extent flexes it.
  25. What is the proximal attachment for adductor magnus?
    inferior ramus of pubis, ramus if ischium, and ischial tuberosity
  26. What is the distal attachemnt of the adductor magnus?
    gluteal tuberosity, linea aspera, medial supracondylar line (adduct part), and adductor tubercle of femur (hamstring part)
  27. What is the action of the adductor magnus?
    adducts thigh at hip; adductor part: flexes thigh at hip; Hamstring part extends thigh
  28. What is the proximal attachment of gracilis?
    body of inferior ramus of pubis
  29. What is the distal attchement of the gracilis?
    superior part of medial surface of tibia
  30. What is the action of the gracilis?
    adducts thigh at hip, flexes leg at knee and helps rotate it medially
  31. What is the proximal attachment of psoas major?
    transverse process of lumbar vertebrae, sides of bodies of t12-l5 verterbrae, and intervening intervertebral disc
  32. What is the distal attachment of the psoas major?
    lesser trochater of femur
  33. What is the action fo the psoas major?
    actign superiorly with iliacus, flexes hip; actig inferiorly, flexes vertebral column laterally; used to balance trunk in sitting position, acting inferiorly with iliacus, flexes trunk
  34. What si the proximal attachment of the illiacus?
    superior two thirds of iliac fossa ala of sacrum and anterior sarcoiliac ligaments
  35. What is the distal attachemnt of iliacus?
    lesser trochanter of femur and shaft inferior to it; and to psoas major tendon
  36. What is the action of the iliacus?
    flexes hip and stabilizes hip joint; acts with psoas major

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