Card Set Information
UVA MUSI 2350
analog synthesizerinvented by Robert Moog
popularized by Wendy/Walter Carlos
"switched on bach"
invented by Donald Buchla
one of 1st analog modular synthesizers for live performance
"father of computer music"
invented singing computerprogram called Music 1/2/3
played by GROOVE and Radio Baton
made of 8 bits
128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1
higher bits = higher quality
operation that begins w/ some initial conditions and gives output which follows from set of rules
set of rules that carry out computation
1st composer in research
worked with algorithms and chance programs
shepherd's tone (up version)
worked with Elvis stuff, "blue suede shoes"
replaced Tenney in 1964
shepherd's tone (down)
developed different timbres for computer
"computer suite for little boy"
studied effects of wide vibrato sounds
discovered FM synthesis technique
modulates periodic waveform w/ another
enabled stable computer oscillator
Music Instrument Digital Interface
proposed by Sequential Systems, Oberheim, Roland Corp.
sent in serial binary as series of bits
does not describe soundcontrol message
Yamaha DX7 Synthesizer
invented in 1983
first fully digital MIDI synthesizer
came from Chowning's frequency modulation synthesis
first real time granular synthesis
first compositional theory for grains of sound
: Otto Luening, Vladmir Ussachevsky
: Milton Babbit
purchased/created RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer
RCA Mark II Sound Synthesizer
first programmable electronic music synthesizer
funded by rockefeller foundation
Charles Wuorinen's "Times Encomium"