Mental Health Nursing
Card Set Information
Mental Health Nursing
Jeopardy Module III Substance Abuse
Module III Substance Abuse
An episode during which a person continues to function but has no conscious awareness of his or her behavior at the time, and no memory of the behavior
What is a blackout?
Use of a substance that results in maladaptive behavior
What is intoxication?
Using a drug in a way that is inconsistent with medical or social norms and despite negative consequences
What is substance abuse?
Negative psychological and physical reactions that occur when use of a substance ceases or dramatically decreases
What is withdrawal syndrome?
Problems in social, vocational, or legal areas of a person’s life in additional to problems such as tolerance, withdrawal, and unsuccessful attempts to stop using the substance
What is substance dependence?
Screening/assessment tools used to determine the extent of the alcohol problem
What is CAGE, MAST, and RAFFT?
Medication classification used to manage alcohol withdrawal symptoms
What are benzodiazepines?
Assessment tool created to use for alcohol withdrawal that has been used to determine the presence and severity of withdrawal symptoms
What is a CIWA?
Deficiency of this in the body is known to cause the acute phase of Wernick-Karsokoff
What is thiamine?
Major deficit exhibited in the chronic phase of alcohol use (irreversible) known as Korsakoff’s psychosis
What is amnesia?
Severe or untreated withdrawal that can progress to hallucination, seizures, and death
What is delirium tremens?
Group that developed a model for recovery based on the philosophy of total abstinence
What is Alcoholics Anonymous?
Medication used as a deterrent to keep clients from drinking
What is Antabuse?
Common type of hallucination that occurs specifically with alcohol withdrawal
What is a tactile hallucination?
Expected outcome that can be accomplished by administering tapered doses of a benzodiazepine
What is safe withdrawal?
Widely available and frequently used drug with now clinically significant withdrawal
What is Marijuana?
Elevated blood pressure, pulse, sweating, hand tremors, insomnia and anxiety are some of the withdrawal symptoms
What is alcohol withdrawal?
Depression, anxiety, drug craving, fatigue, prolonged sleep and suicidal ideation
What is amphetamine withdrawal?
Begins with restlessness, anxiety, muscle aches and drug cravings, progresses to yawning, chills, fever, tremors, and runny nose
What is opioid withdrawal?
Withdrawal symptoms are similar to alcohol, anxiety, elevated vital signs, N/V and seizures
What is sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic withdrawal?
Defense mechanism frequently by substance abusers that gets in the way of their awareness of their problem
What is denial?
Maladaptive and dysfunctional coping behavior patterns, on the part of family or friends, that is learned as they try to adjust to the behavior of the substance abuser
What is codependence?
Minimization, rationalization, blaming others for problems, irritability, feelings of guilt, poor judgment, limited insight, ineffective coping and impaired role performance
What are symptoms of substance abuse?
An approach used to break through the denial and help the substance abuser to face their problems
What is confrontation?
Problem encountered after substance abuser leaves the impatient program and is back into their normal routine. (AA sometimes helps to prevent this)
What is a relapse?