Vitamin and Mineral Functions

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Author:
HappyJedi7
ID:
144332
Filename:
Vitamin and Mineral Functions
Updated:
2012-03-28 00:55:01
Tags:
Bio 242
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  1. Vitamin B-complexes
    • water-soluble
    • metabolic coenzymes
    • production of nucleic acids and RBC
  2. Vitamin C
    • water-soluble
    • collagen synthesis
    • antioxidant
  3. Vitamin A
    • fat-soluble
    • component of visual pigments
    • maintenance of epithelial tissue
  4. Vitamin D
    • fat-soluble
    • produced naturally in skin when exposed to UV rays
    • aids in absorption
    • used with calcium and phosphate in bone formation and upkeep
  5. Vitamin E
    • fat-soluble
    • antioxidant
    • retains membrane integrity
  6. Vitamin K
    • fat-soluble
    • aids in blood clotting
  7. Calcium (Ca)
    • macronutrient
    • bone and tooth formation
    • blood clotting
    • muscle function
  8. Phosphorous (P)
    • macronutrient
    • bone and tooth formation
    • acid-base balance
    • nucleotide synthesis
  9. Sulfur (S)
    • macronutrient
    • component of certain amino acids
  10. Potassium (K)
    • acid-base balance
    • osmotic balance
    • nerve function
  11. Chlorine (Ch)
    • macronutrient
    • acid-base balance
    • formation of gastric juice (hydrochloric acid)
    • osmotic balance
  12. Sodium (Na)
    • macronutrient
    • acid-base balance
    • water balance
    • nerve function
  13. Magnesium (Mg)
    • macronutrient
    • enzyme cofactor
    • ATP bioenergetics
  14. Iron (Fe)
    • micronutrient
    • component of hemoglobin and electron carriers
    • enzyme cofactor
  15. Fluorine (F)
    maintenance of tooth structure
  16. Iodine (I)
    component of thyroid hormones

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