medic12 medic_drugs doses

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medic12 medic_drugs doses
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medic12 medic_drugs doses
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  1. ALBUTEROL
    2.5 mg in 2.5 to 3 mL NS via nebulizer, repeat as needed. The duration of effect is 3 to 6 hours. Ped: 0.15 mg/kg in 2.5 to 3 mL NS via nebulizer, repeat as needed.
  2. CHLORDIAZEPOXIDE
    50-100 mg IV/IM
  3. DIPHENYDRAMINE
    25-50 mg IV/IM
  4. FENTANYL
    25-100 mcg slowly IV (2-3 min). Ped: 2 mcg/kg slow IV/IM.
  5. LORAZEPAM
    Sedation: 2-4 mg IM, 0.5-2 mg IV Ped: 0.03-0.5 mg/kg IV/IM/PR up to 4mg | Status Epilepticus: 2 mg slow IV/PR (2mg/min) Ped: 0.1 mg/kg slow IV/PR (2-5 min)
  6. METOCLOPRAMIDE
    10-20 mg IM; 10 mg slow IV (over 1-2 min). Ped 1-2 mg/kg.
  7. MORPHINE SULFATE
    Pain: 2.5-15 mg IV; 5-20 mg IM/SQ. Ped: 0.05-0.1 mg/kg IV; 0.1-0.2 mg/kg IM/SQ AMI or PE: 1-2 mg (6-10 min response)
  8. NALOXONE
    0.4-2.0 mg IV/IM/IN (ET 2-2.5X the dose). repeated/ 2-3 min as needed up to 10 mg. Ped: 0.01 mg IV/IM (ET 2-2.5X the dose) repeated/ 2-3 min as needed up to 10 mg.
  9. ZOFRAN
    4 mg IVP or single 24 mg tablet ODT
  10. DIAZEPAM
    Seizure: 5-10 mg IV/IM Ped: 0.5 to 2 mg IV/IM. Acute Anxiety: 2 to 5 mg IV/IM. Ped: 0.5 to 2 mg IM (premed for cardioversion) 5 to 15 mg IV Ped: 0.2 to 0.5 mg/kg IV
  11. ETOMIDATE
    0.1 to 0.3 mg/kg IV over 15 to 30 sec. Ped: children > 10 years, same as for adults
  12. FLUMAZENIL
    0.2 mg IV over 30 sec/min, up to 1 mg
  13. MIDAZOLAM
    1 to 2.5 mg slow IV; 0.07 to 0.08 mg/kg IM (usually 5 mg). Ped: 0.05 to 0.2 mg/kg IV: 0.1 to 0.15 mg/kg IM; 3 mg intranasal.
  14. SUCCINYLCHOLINE
    1 to 1.5 mg/kg IV/IM. Ped: 1 to 2 mg/kg IV/IM.
  15. ADENOSINE
    6 mg IV (rapidly - over 1-2 sec), then flush line rapidly w/ NS. If ineffective, 12 mg (over 1-2 min, may be repeated. Ped: 0.1 mg/kg IV (rapidly - over 1-2 sec), then flush line rapidly w/ NS. If ineffective, 0.2 mg/kg (over 1-2 min) [max 12 mg].
  16. EPINEPHRINE
    Arrest: 1.0mg of 1:10,000 IV 3-5 min (ET: 2.0-2.5mg of 1:1,000). Ped: 0.01mg/kg of 1:10,000 IV/IO (ET: 0.1mg/kg of 1:1,000). All subsequent doses 0.1 mg/kg IV/IO [no max). Allergic: 0.3-0.5mg of 1:1,000 SQ 5-15 min as needed or 0.5-1.0mg of 1:10,000 IV if SQ dose ineffective or severe reaction. Ped: 0.01 mg/kg of 1:1,000 SQ 10-15 min or 0.01 mg/kg of 1:10,000 IV if SQ dose ineffective or severe reaction.
  17. VASOPRESSIN
    Arrest: 40units IV Esophagealvarices: 0.2-0.4 units/min IV drip.
  18. ATROPINE
    Symptomatic Bradycardia: 0.5mg IV (ET 1.0mg) repeat 3-5 min to 3 mg Ped: 0.02 mg/kg IV (ET 0.04mg/kg) may repeat in 5 min up to 1 mg Asystole: 1.0mg IV (ET 2.0mg) may repeat 3-5 min up to 3 mg Organophosphate Poisoning: 2.0-5.0mg IV/IM/IO 10-15 min Ped: 0.05 mg/kg IV/IM/IO 10-15 min
  19. ASPERIN
    160 to 325 mg PO (chewable)
  20. DEXTROSE 50% in Water
    25g D50W (50 mL) IV. Ped: 2mL/kg of a 25% solution IV.
  21. FUROSEMIDE
    40-120 mg slow IV. Ped: 1 mg/kg slow IV
  22. NITROGLYCERIN
    1 tablet (0.4 mg) SL. May be repeated 3-5 min up to 3 tablets, or 1⁄2 inch of topical ointment, or 0.4 mg (one spray)SL up to 3 sprays/25 min.
  23. DOBUTAMINE
    2-20 mcg/kg/min IV Ped: same
  24. DOPAMINE
    2-5 mcg/kg/min up to 20 mcg/kg/min, titrated to effect. Ped: same
  25. ISOPROTENEROL
    Bradycardia: 2-10 mcg/min titrated to cardiac rate. Ped: 0.1 mcg/kg/min titrated to cardiac rate
  26. TETRACAINE
    1-2 drops in each eye
  27. DILTIAZEM
    0.25mg/kg IV over 2 min, may repeat as needed with 0.35 mg/kg followed by a drip of 5-10mg/hr not to exceed 15mg/hr over 24 hrs
  28. TRIDIL
    0.2-1.5mcg/kg/minute
  29. VERAPAMIL
    2.5-5mg IV bolus over 2-3 min, then 5-10mg after 15-30 min to a max of 30mg in 30 min
  30. METOPROLOL
    5mg slow IVP q 5min up to 3 doses while watching HR & BP.
  31. ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
    1g/Kg mixed w/ at least 6-8 oz of H2O, then PO or via NG tube
  32. CALCIUM CHLORIDE
    5-10cc of (10% solution / 1Gram –10cc)/10 min, as needed or 2-4mg/Kg . Ped: 20 mg/kg IV (10% solution) repeat at 10 min, as needed
  33. METHYLPREDNISOLONE
    Asthma/COPD/Anaphylaxis: 125-250 mg IV/IM. Ped: 1-2 mg/kg/dose IV/IM. Spinal Cord Injury: 30mg/kg IV over 15 min, after 45 min an infusion of 5.4 mg/kg/hr.
  34. MAGNESIUM SULFATE
    V-Fib/Tachycardia: 1-2g IV over 2:00. Torsade de Pointes: 1 to 2 g IV then infusion 0.5-1g/hr IV. Asthma/COPD: 1-2g over 10:00 Eclampsia: 2-6g IV/IM over 15:00-30:00
  35. PHENYTOIN
    Seizures/Status Epilepticus: 10-15 mg/kg slow IV. Ped: 8-10mg/kg slow IV. Dysrhythmias: 100 mg slow IV (over 5:00) to a maximum 1,000 mg. Ped: 3-5mg/kg slow IV.
  36. SODIUM BICARBONATE
    1 mEq/kg IV, then 0.5 mEq/kg/10:00. Ped: same as adult (may be given IO).
  37. THIAMINE
    100mg IV/IM. Ped: 10-25mg IV/IM.
  38. MEPERIDINE
    25-50mg IV, 50-100 mg IM Ped: 1mg/kg IV/IM
  39. NALBUPHINE
    5mg IV/IM/subcutaneous, repeat as 2 mg doses as needed up to 20mg. Ped: 0.1-0.15mg/kg IV/IM/subcutaneous (rarely used)
  40. PANCURONIUM
    0.04-0.1mg/kg IV Ped: same as adult
  41. VECUMONIUM
    0.08-0.1mg/kg IV Ped: same as adult.
  42. AMINOPHYLLINE
    250-500mg IV (over 20-30min) Ped: 6mg (over 20-30min)
  43. HALOPERIDOL
    2-5mg IM Ped: children < 3 y/o 0.015-0.15mg/kg/day PO in 2-3 devided doses
  44. PROMETHAZINE
    12.5-25mg IV/IM/PR Ped: 0.5mg/kg IV/IM/PR
  45. TERBUTALINE
    2 inhalations w/ metered dose inhaler, repeated 1x in 1min or .25mg SQ repeat in 15-30min
  46. HEPARIN
    5,000units IV, then 20,000-40,000units over 24hr
  47. NOREPINEPHRINE
    0.5-30mcg.min IV, titrated to BP Ped: 0.01mcg/kg/min (rarely used)
  48. DEXAMETHASONE
    4-24 mg IV/IM Ped: 0.5-1.0 mg/kg
  49. MANNITOL
    1.5-2.0 g/kg slow IV Ped: 0.25-0.5 g/kg over 60 min
  50. GLUCAGON
    Hypoglycemia: 1 mg IM/SC repeat 5-20 min Ped: 0.1 mg/kg 1 m/SC/IV child < 10kg; 1 mg/kg 1 m/SC/IV for child > 10 kg Beta-Blocker Over Dose/Calcium Channel Blocker OD: 3mg IV over 1 min Ped: 50-150 mcg/kg IV over 1 min
  51. OXYTOCIN
    3-10 units IM after delivery of placenta. 10-20 units in 1,000 mL of D5W or NS IV titrated to effect.
  52. RACEMIC EPINEPHRINE
    0.25-0.5 mcg in 3 mL NS once by nebulizer. Ped: same
  53. AMIODARONE
    150-300 mg IV over 10 min, then 1 mg/min over next 6 hours. Ped: 5 mg/kg IV/IO, then 1.5mg/kg/day.
  54. BRETYLIUM
    5 mg/kg IV, then 10 mg/kg/15 to 30 min, to a max 30 mg/kg
  55. LIDOCAINE
    Cardiac Arrest: 1-1.5 mg/kg IV repeated every 3-5 min up to 3 mg/kg, follow conversion with a drip of 2-4 mg/min. Ped: 1 mg/kg IV, repeat/3-5 min up to 3 mg/kg, follow conversion with a drip of 20-50 mcg/kg/min. Ventricular Tachycardia (w/ pulse): 1 to 1.5 mg/kg slow IV (consider lower dose for elderly). May repeat at one-half dose every 5-10 min until conversion up to 3 mg/kg. Follow conversion with an infusion of 2 to 4 mg/min. Ped: 1 mg/kg, followed by a drip at 20-50 mg/kg/min.
  56. PROCAINAMIDE
    20-30 mg/min IV. stop points: 1) up to 17 mg/kg to effect, then 1-4 mg/min 2)ectopy resolves 3)QRS complex widens more than 50% from original 4)hypotension ensues Ped: 15 mg/kg IV/IO over 30-60 min

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