Insect Orders

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Author:
klokot
ID:
144474
Filename:
Insect Orders
Updated:
2012-03-28 20:48:49
Tags:
Insect Orders
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Description:
Insect Orders
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  1. Collembola
    Springtails

    • non-insect hexapod
    • "glue bolt"
    • spring up to 75-100mm
    • found in freshwater pools and under sinks
  2. Thysanura
    Silverfish

    • 3 caudal filaments
    • feed on detritus
    • found in basements and along baseboards
  3. Ephemeroptera
    Mayflies

    • 3 caudal filaments
    • not good flyers
    • adults mate and die
    • nymphs are: aquatic, feed on detritus and leaf litter
    • chewing mouthparts and gills on their abdomen
    • found in fast moving streams and good water quality indicators
  4. Odonata
    Dragonflies/Damselflies

    • predaceous/chewing mouthparts
    • large compound eyes
    • long membranous wings with many veins
    • not good walkers
    • internal rectal gills

    • Damselflies
    • aquatic, predaceous
    • spend several years as immatures
    • 3 caudal gills
  5. Phasmida
    Stick Bugs

    • herbivores
    • wings reduced or abscent
    • can regenerate lost limbs
    • many forms
  6. Orthoptera
    Grasshoppers, Crikets & Katydids

    • herbivores
    • chewing mouthparts
    • enlarged rear femurs
    • leathery front wings
    • membranous rear wings
    • long ovipositor
  7. Mantodea
    Praying Mantis

    • predaceous/chewing mouthparts
    • raptorial forelegs
    • only insect that can look over its shoulder
    • eggs deposited in an egg case
  8. Blattaria
    Cockroaches

    • detritivores/chewing mouthparts
    • cantaminate food with smelly fical matter
    • thich forewing
    • membranous rear wing
    • fast runners and run away from light
  9. Plecoptera
    Stoneflies

    • Adults
    • short lived
    • poor flyers
    • diurnal
    • most don't feed
    • 2 caudal filaments

    • Nymphs
    • some predaceous
    • herbivores, omnivores
    • aquatic and flat
    • 2 caudal filaments
    • water quality indicators
  10. Isoptera
    Termites

    • chewing/cellulose consumers
    • symbiotic protozoan
    • soft bodied and pale
    • cause billions of dollars in damage
    • have 3 castes (worker, solider, & wing reproductive)
  11. Dermaptera
    Earwigs

    • chewing
    • most are detritivores
    • nocturnal
    • wings reduced
    • cerci well developed
    • female (straight) Male (curved)
  12. Hemiptera
    True Bugs

    • Piercing sucking mouthparts
    • most are predaceous
    • come to surface to breathe
    • wings form an "X"
  13. Homoptera
    Cicada, Whiteflies, Aphids, Scales etc.

    • all are plant feeders
    • front wing is either all membranous or leathery
    • wings held "roof like" or "tent like"
  14. Neuroptera
    Alderflies, Dobsonflies, Fishflies, Snakeflies, Lacewings, Antlions and Owlflies

    • wings are membranous and heavily veined
    • most larvae are predaceous
  15. Cleoptera
    Beetles and Weevils

    • front wings (elytra) hard covers that protect rear wings
    • elytra splits right down the middle
    • rear wing is membranous
    • chewing mouthparts
    • a large and diverse group
  16. Diptera
    True Flies

    • Front wings well developed, rear wing modified into a club like organ, the halteres (balance)
    • great flyers
    • very large order
    • mouthparts diverse
  17. Trichoptera
    Caddisflies

    • adults have triangular hairy wings
    • larvae are aquatic, casemakers, detritivores, indicate clean water
  18. Lepidoptera
    Butterflies & Moths

    • Butterflies
    • silk producers, herbivores
    • 5% lepidoptera
    • clubbed antenna
    • skippers are clubbed and hooked

    • Moths
    • 95% of lepidoptera
    • plumose antennae

    • larvae- chewing mouthparts
    • pupa- spin a cacoon or chrysalis
    • adults- coiled nector
  19. Hymenoptera
    Bees, Wasps, Ants, and Sawflies

    • chewing mouthparts
    • parasitoids & predators
    • most highly evolved
    • many species are social
    • diverse group

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