Mrt 270

Card Set Information

Mrt 270
2012-03-28 22:17:01

X ray
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  1. Purity
    Type and amount of extraneous material that may be safely added to the active ingredient of a drug
  2. Bioavaliability
    Amount of a drug that becomes avaliable for activity in the targeted tissue
  3. Efficacy
    Effectiveness of each drug used in treatment
  4. Safety and Toxicity
    Determined by the number and severity of adverse effects reported after the use of the drug, these standards are constantly monitored and refined
  5. When a narotic is given to a patient, what information must be documented in the Narcotic control book
    • Name and quality are given
    • Full name of patient
    • Name of Doctor
    • Date
    • Time
    • Exact dose
    • Waste dose
  6. What is the difention of a controlled drug
    Controlled drugs are drugs that are potentially addictive and are regulated the same as narcotics
  7. What are examples of a controlled drug
    • Ritalin
    • Seconal
    • Phenobarbitois
  8. Who regulates narcotics in Canada
    Food and Drug section of Health Canada
  9. What name is given to a medication that identifies its chemical family
  10. Would tylenal be the generic or trade name for acetaminophen
    Trade name
  11. Define pharmacokinetics
    The study of how drugs enter the body are absorbed reach their site of action are metabolized and exit the body
  12. Patient's react to the same drugs differently. What are some factors that physician's take into consideration when prescribing a drug.
    • Age
    • Physical condition
    • sex
    • weight
    • immune status
  13. Absorption
    Process involving the movement of a drug from the site of administration into the systemic circulation in order to provide a desired effect
  14. Distribution
    The means by which a drug travels from the blood stream to the target tissue and site of action
  15. Metabolism
    The process by which the body transforms drugs into an inactive form that can be excreted by the body
  16. Excretion
    Refers to the elimination of drugs from the body after they have been metabolized
  17. Oral
    • Medications taken by mouth
    • They travel to the the small intestine where absorption takes place
  18. Sublingual
    • Drugs can be absorbed immediately by the oral mucosa if they are placed under the tounge or buccal area
    • Medications absorbed at these sites go directly into the blood stream
  19. Rectal
    Drugs may be administered by the rectum if the patient is nauseated and unable to retain oral medication
  20. Parenteral Routes
    • Medication may be administered intradermally,subcutaneously,
    • intramusculary,IV
    • Aminastrated by Doctor or nurse
    • Contrast might also be used
  21. Intradermal
    • Usually used for sensitivity testing to a drug or a antigen or for local anaesthesia.
    • Administered between the layers of the skin
  22. Subcutaneous
    Drugs are administered below the epidermis. Absorption through the capilaries is fairly rapid
  23. Intramuscular
    Absorption of medication via this route is variable depending on the formation of the drug and which muscle it is injected into.
  24. Intravenous
    This route is achieves the most rapid systemic response. It is used if a rapid effect is desired or if a drug can not be injected into body tissues with out damaging them
  25. Tropical Routes
    • Used for local treatment of skin ailments as well as systemic treatment.
    • Include
    • eyes
    • nose
    • throat
    • behind ear
  26. Parenteral drug routes may are
    • Intramuscular
    • intravenous
  27. Medications given in imaging departments are most often administered via the route that provides the most rapid response
    Intravenous route
  28. Drugs administered by intrathecal route bypass the
    blood brain barrier
  29. What is the difference between vial and an ampule
    • Vial has a rubber stopper in place so allows for multiple doses
    • Ampule is made of glass and contains a single dose
  30. Two drugs must never be mixed in the same syringe for administration before checking their
  31. You do not have to confirm a verbal order if the order was given to you
    True or False
  32. Selected drugs in the radiography department may be given at any time by the radigrapher

    True or False
  33. Standing
    Written directions for a specific drug or procedure signed by physican
  34. Written
    Written on patients chart
  35. Verbal
    Spoken rather then written
  36. Antihistamines
    Used to treat allergic reations
  37. Antimicrobials
    Treats infections or use as a skin preparation
  38. Anticonvulsives
    Prevention of seizures
  39. Antiarrhythmics
    Treats chronic cardiac arrhythmais
  40. Analgesics
    relieves pain
  41. Sedatives & Tranquilizers
    Exert a calming effect often inducing sleep
  42. Antagonists
  43. Local Anesthitics
    Eliminates sesation in a certain area
  44. Paralytic agents
    A skeletal muscular relaxant
  45. Hypoglycemic agents
    Controls the level of glucose in the blood
  46. The purpose of drug metabolism is to
    Transform the drug for distribution throughout the body
  47. Drugs given by mouth are generally given in larger doses. This is because
    They are absorb more slowly
  48. For a drug to reach its therapeutic effect quickly a physicain migh order
    A larger initial dose and later smaller doses
  49. Parenteral drug routes may include
    • Intramuscular
    • Intravenous
  50. An abnormally rapid heart beat is called
  51. A drug that increases the flow of urine is called
  52. Is the symptoms sympathetic response or parasympathetic response
    Heart rate increases
    Symapathetic nervous system
  53. Is the symptoms sympathetic response or parasympathetic response
    Epinephrine is secreted
  54. Is the symptoms sympathetic response or parasympathetic response
    Gastric motility and secretion increase
  55. Is the symptoms sympathetic response or parasympathetic response
    Salivation increases
  56. Is the symptoms sympathetic response or parasympathetic response
    Gastric motility decreases
  57. Factors that may influence that effect of a drug
    • Age
    • weight
    • medication and the patients temperament
  58. Reactions that are expected and prdictable and are not detrimental to health of patient are
    Side effects
  59. Signs of vasovagal reaction are
    • Pallor
    • Cold sweats
    • Rapid pulse
    • Bradycardia