Lecture 1

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  1. Adam Smith's 2 greatest events?
    Discovery of America and "The Wealth of Nations"
  2. Who discovered the Aztec Capital?
    Hernan Cortes 1519
  3. How many inhabitants lived in the city of Tenochtitlan?
    1/4 million
  4. Why did the Spanish view the Aztecs as being backwards?
    They lacked metal tools, machines, gun-powder, scientific means for long distance navigation, and no literacy
  5. What area did the Iroquois League occupy?
    New York and Pennsylvania
  6. Name the tribes of the Iroquois League?
    Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, and Onondagia
  7. What were the views of the Europeans and natives in terms of land ownership?
    • Natives-common resource
    • European-land ownership
  8. How many times did the "Great Council" meet?
    Once a year, with 1 leader from each tribe
  9. What is meant by "noble savage"?
    • women played a larger role
    • culture seen as barbaric
  10. What was the "Idea of Freedom"?
    Subjugation of the native population
  11. What ends Chinese maritime exploration?
    Zheng He dies - (1371-1433)
  12. In 1488 who reaches the Cape of Good Hope?
    Bartolomeu Dias
  13. Who sails around the Cape of Good Hope in search of a sea route to the east?
    Vasco de Gama - (1460-1524)
  14. What united Spain during the time of the 15th century?
    Unification of Aragon and Castile
  15. What set about the reconquest of Spain in 1492?
    Defeat of the Moors from Africa
  16. Who sails for Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain?
    Christopher Columbus (circa 1451-1506)
  17. What nationality is Christopher Columbus?
  18. When did Ferdinand and Isabella marry?
  19. When did Columbus arrive in the Bahamas?
    October 12, 1492
  20. Who realized the discovery of a new continent?
    Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512)
  21. When did Amerigo Vespucci sail?
  22. Who invented movable type for printing, helping to spread information?
    Johannes Gutenberg 1398-1468
  23. Who was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean?
    Vasco Nunez de Balboa (circa 1475-1519)
  24. When did Vasco Nunez de Balboa cross the isthmus of Panama?
  25. What were the reasons for Spanish expansion during the 15th century?
    Wealth, national glory, large desire to spread catholicism
  26. What were the 3 G's?
    Gold, glory, god
  27. Who circum-navigates the globe in 1522?
    Ferdinand Magellan 1480-1521
  28. What battle was Magellan reknown for?
    Battle of Mactan in the Phillipines
  29. Where was Mexico City built?
    On the capital of Aztec empire (Tenochtitlan)
  30. What regions did the Spanish empire control in the 15th century?
    • North and South America
    • Caribbean
  31. What devastated the indigenous population?
    Disease and warfare
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Lecture 1
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