Card Set Information
If fail to prepare, then prepare to fail.
Is the scientific study of the mind, brain nad behavior.
Levels of explanation
Rungs on a ladder of explanation, with lower levels tied most closely to biological influences and higher levels tied most closely to social influences.
Caused by many factors
Explanations that try to account for complex behaviors in terms of only a single cause.
Variations among, people in their thinking, emotion and behavior.
Belief that we see the presicely as it is
the tendency to seek out evidence that supports our hyphotheses and neglect or distort evidence that containts them.
tendency to stick to our initial beliefs even when evidence contradicts them.
Explanation for larger number of fidings in the natural world.
Testable prediction delivered from asienttific theory
Set of claims that seems scientific but isnt.
Tendency to perceive meaninful connections among unrelated phenomena.
Assertions about the world that are not testable.
( God, soul and afterlife)
Approach of evaluating all claims with an open mind but insisting on persuasive evidence before accepting them.
Set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and careful fashion.
Error of assuming that because one thing is associated with another, it must cause the other.
Anything that can vary.
Capable of being disproved
When a study's findings are able to be duplicated, ideally by independent investigators.
Method by which trained observers carefully reflect and report on their mental experiences.
In what year did Rene Descartes Writes about the mind-body problem?
In what year did Frans Anton Mesmer discovers principles of hypnosis?
In what year did Charles Darwin Wrote the Origen of Evolution?
When was the Ameriacan Psychology Association (APA) was founded?
When did James William Wrote the Principles of Psychology?
Who discovered Classical conditioning and in what year?
Ivan Pavlov 1910
Who develop the first intelligent test and in what year?
Alfred Binet and Henri Simon. 1905
Uses Instrospection to identify basic elements or structures of experience.
Founded by E. B. Tichener
aimed to understand the adaptive purposes of psychological characteristics.
It was founded by William James and Influenced by Charles Darwin.
focuses on uncovering the general laws of learning by looking ar observable behavior.
founded by B. F. Skinner
aimed to eximine the role of mental process on behavior.
founfed by Jean Piaget and Ulric Neisser.
focus on uncovering the role of unconcious psychological processes and early life experiences in behavior.
founded by Sigmund Freud
Dicipline that applies to Charles Darwin's theory of neutral selection to human and animal behavior.
research examining how the mind works.
reasearch examing how we can use basic reasearch to solve real-world problems.