Athletic Training

Card Set Information

Athletic Training
2012-03-29 08:38:21
Low back abdomen

Exam 3
Show Answers:

  1. kyphosis
    • increased thoracic curve and scapulae that are protracted, rounded shoulder appearance
    • associated with forward head posture
  2. lordosis
    increased curve in lumbar spine with increase in anterior tilt of pelvis and hip flexion
  3. scoliosis
    lateral curvature of spine with abnormal curve in one direction and compensatory second curve in opposite direction
  4. flatback posture
    decreased lumbar curve with increase in posterior pelvic tilt and hip flexion
  5. swayback posture
    • anterior shifting of entire pelvis, resulting hip extension
    • decrease in lordosis in lumbar spine and increase kyphosis in the thoracic spine
  6. spondylolysis
    • degeneration of vertebrae and more commonly defect in the pars interarticularis of the articular processes of the vertebrae
    • more common in boys
  7. spondylolithesis
    • complication of spondylolysis where vertebra slips on the one below it
    • highest incidence with L5 slipping on S1
    • more common in girls
  8. idiopathic
    • (mechanical)
    • faulty posture, obesity, faulty body mechanics
  9. congenital
    present at birth, present themselves when abnormal stress occurs
  10. acute torticollis
    • stiffneck
    • holding head in unusual position over time, cold draft exposure
    • point tenderness, muscle spasm, rotation and side bending restricted
    • traction, ice, stretch, cervical collar, NSAIDS
  11. brachial plexus neurapraxia
    • stinger
    • when neck is forced laterally to the opposite side while shoulder is depressed
    • burning, numbness, loss function of arm & hand
    • strength and stretch exercises once symptoms subside
  12. Sciatica
    • peripheral nerve root compression
    • sharp shooting pain that follows nerve pathway along posterior & medial thigh, tingle and numb
    • rest, stretching, recovery 2-3 weeks, NSAIDS
  13. Sacroiliac sprain
    • twisting with both feet on ground, stumble forward, falling backward, land heavily on one leg, forward bending with knees locked during lifting
    • palpable pain and tenderness over joint
    • modalities, supportive brace, strength exercises
  14. solid organs
    kidney, spleen, liver, pancreas, adrenal glands
  15. hollow organs
    vessels, tubes, stomach, intestines, gallbladder, urinary bladder
  16. liver
    • largest internal organ, upper right quadrant
    • absorbs and stores excess glucose
    • processes nutrients
    • detoxifies harmful chemicals
  17. gall bladder
    • inferior surface of liver
    • storage reservoir for bile
  18. pancreas
    • between small intestine and spleen
    • secretes pancreatic juice
    • produces insulin and glugon
  19. stomach
    • left upper quadrant
    • storage and mixing chamber for food
  20. small intestine
    • connected to stomach
    • most digestion and absorption of food occurs here
    • secretes mucus
  21. large intestine
    • small intestine and anus
    • chyme converted to feces
  22. pneumothorax
    • pleural cavity becomes filled with air that has entered through opening in chest
    • lung collapses causing pain, difficulty breathing
  23. tension pneumothorax
    pleural sac on one side fills with air, displacing lung and heart toward opposite side & compressing opposite lung
  24. hemothorax
    presence of blood within pleural cavity, results from tearing or puncturing of lung
  25. traumatic asphyxia
    • result of violent blow to or compression of rib cage causing cessation of breathing
    • immediate mouth to mouth
  26. spleen
    • left, upper quadrant
    • splint; can stop itself from bleeding
    • reservoir of RBC, regulate # of RBC circulating
    • destroy ineffective RBC
    • produce antibodies and lymphocytes
  27. kidney
    • bean shaped, 4 1/2 in. long, 2 in. wide, 1 in. thick
    • filter metabolic wastes or drugs from blood and expel via urine