ART PROCESSES

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Author:
keulkidsally
ID:
144628
Filename:
ART PROCESSES
Updated:
2012-03-29 14:12:16
Tags:
ART
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Description:
Visual Arts Awareness Exam 2 processes to learn/know
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  1. RELIEF PRINTMAKING
    carving away from a block of a suitably workable material, such as wood or linoleum, a certain amount of it, to create a raised image

    applies ink to the raised surface and transfers the image to paper or similar material by applying pressure in a printing press
  2. ENGRAVING
    careful scoring of a metal plate so that clean gouges are created in the surface

    fine detail, making the resulting print more like the artist’s original drawing
  3. DRYPOINT
    cutting tool is pulled, leaving a rough edge, or burr

    result is a less precise line that has more irregularities
  4. ETCHING
    metal plate is covered with an acid-resistant coating, into which the artist scratches the design

    plate is then immersed in a bath of acid “bites” into the metal where the covering has been removed, making grooves that hold the ink
  5. MEZZOTINT
    produce dark, rich values b/c the ink has many places to settle

    entire surface is roughened with a heavy spiked rocking tool, which is a metal object with a spiked, curved bottom

    The roughened surface is then smoothed in the areas where the printmaker wants the light tones

    Ink is removed from the smoothed areas when the plate is wiped: the inked areas create dark tones and the smoothed areas hold less ink to create light tones
  6. LITHOGRAPH
    draws a design, using a grease pencil or other oil-based drawing material, directly onto a piece of specially selected, cleaned, and prepared limestone

    The combination of the water-absorbent stone and the oily drawing material work together so that a design in oil-based ink is suspended on the surface to print
  7. ENCAUSTIC
    mix pigments with hot wax and then apply the mixture quickly

    paint with brushes, palette knives, or rags, or can simply pour it

    stiffed-back support is necessary
  8. FRESCO
    pigment mixed with water painted onto a freshly applied lime-plaster surface

    complete the color is extremely durable, making fresco a very permanent painting medium
  9. COIL-BUILT CERAMICS
    roll clay and coil it
  10. WHEEL-THROWN CERAMICS
    rotating disk that turns the clay
  11. SLAB-BUILT CERAMICS
    clay is rolled flat and artist cuts out the shapes that are needed

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