Ch16 Therapies

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  1. Biological Therapies
    also called biomedical therapies, treatments that reduce or elminate the sympoms of psycholgoical disorders by altering aspects of body functions
  2. Antianxiety Drugs
    commonly known as tranquilizers, drugs that reduce anxiety by making the individual calmer and less excitable
  3. antidepressant drugs
    drugs that regualte mood
  4. lithium
    the lightest of the solid elements in the periodic table of elements, widely used to treat bipolar disorder
  5. antipsychotic drugs
    powerful drugs that diminish agitated behavior, reduce tension, decrease hallucinations, improve social behavior, and produce better sleep patterns in individuals w a severe psychological disorder, especially schizophrenia
  6. electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
    Also called shock therapy, a treatment, commonly used for depression, that sets off a seizure in the brain
  7. deep brain stimulation
    a procedure for treatment-resistant depression that involves the implantation of extrodes in the brain that emit signals to alter the brain's electrical circuity
  8. psychosurgery
    a biological therapy, with irreversible effects, that involves removal or destruction of brain tissue to improve the individual's adjustment
  9. psychotherapy
    a nonmedical process that helps individuals w psycholgical disorders recognize and overcome their problems
  10. psychodynamic therapies
    treatments that stress the importance of the unconscious mind, extensive interpretation by the therapist, and the role of early childhood experiences in the development of an individual's probs
  11. psychoanalysis
    Freud's therapeutic technique for analyzing an individual's unconcsious thoughts
  12. Free association
    a psychoanalytic technique that involves encouraging individuals to say aloud whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing
  13. Interpretation
    A psychoanalyst's search for symbolic, hidden meanings in in what the client says and does during therapy
  14. Dream Analysis
    a psychoanalytic technique for interpreting a person's dreams
  15. Transference
    A client's relating to the psychoanalyst in ways that reproduce or relive important relationships in the individual's life
  16. Resistance
    a clients unconscious defense strategies that interfere w the psychoanalyst's understanding of the individuals probs
  17. Humanistic Therapies
    Treatments, unique in their emphasis on ppls self-healing capacities, that ecourage clients to understand themselves and to grow personality
  18. Client-Centered Therapy
    Also called Rogerian therapy or nodirective therapy, a form of humanistic therapy, developed by Rogers, in which the therapist provides a warm, supportive atmosphereto improve the cients self-concept and to encourage the clients to gain insights into probs
  19. Reflective Speech
    A tech. in which the therapist mirrors the clients own feelings back to the client
  20. Behavior Therapies
    Treatments based on the behavioral and social cognitive theories of learning that use principles of learning to reduce or elminate maladaptive behavior
  21. Systematic Desensitization
    A method of behavior therapy that treats anxiety by teaching the client to associate deep relaxation w increasingly intense anxiety-producing situations
  22. Cognitive Therapies
    Treatments that point to cognitions (thoughts) as the main source of psycholgoical probs and that attempt to change the individual's feelings and behaviors by changing thoughts
  23. Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy
    A therapy based on Ellis's assertion that individual's develop a psychological disorder because of irrational and self-defeating beliefs and whos goals is to get clients to elminate these beiefs by rationally examining them
  24. Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
    a therapy that combines cognitive therapy and behavior therapy w the goal of developing self-efficacy
  25. Integrative Therapy
    a combination of techs. from diff. therapies based on the therapist's judgments of which particular methods will provide the greatest benefit for the client
  26. Group Therapy
    a sociocultural approach to the treatment of psycholgoical disorders that brings together individuals who share a particular psychological disorder in sessions that are typically led by a mental health professional
  27. Family Therapy
    Group therapy w family members
  28. Couples Therapy
    group therapy w married or unmarried couples whose major prob lies within thier relationship
  29. Therapeutic Alliance
    the relationship btwn the therapist and client and important elemnt of successful psychotherapy
  30. Well-Being Therapy
    a short-term prob-focused directive therapy that encourages clients to accentuate the positive
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Ch16 Therapies
2012-03-29 21:15:47
Fund OfPsych

Psychology Vocab
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