One party , System of physical and psychological terror, gun control, centrally controlled and directed economy Monopoly of mass communication
Italy's fascist dictator in the 1920's
National socialist (Nazi) movement Hitler was chancellor which later made himself absolute dictator
Germany and Italy formed alliance
N. Chamberlain, E. Daladier, B. Mussolini
called: Hitler pledged that he would make no more territorial demands.
"The Night Of Broken Glass" Nazi storm troopers rounded up Jews and beat them smashing windows of Jewish shop owners and synagogues.
Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the anti- Communist Tripartite Pact and pledged to "stand by and co-operate with one another" for the next ten years.
Neutrality Act of 1939
Which permitted the sale of arms to Britain, France, and China Cash and carry only American ships will not deliver products to belligerents Short term loans approved.
Lend-Lease Act 1941
Called for expenditure of $7 billion for materials that the president could sale, lend, exchange and lease arms to any country whose defenses he judged vital to the U.S. security.
A lofty proclamation calling for all people to live in freedom, from fear, want, and tyranny.
where Japanese attacked and killed 2400 Americans.
Negotiated by the United States and Mexico in 1942 brought more than 200,000 Mexicans into the states for short term employment. Mainly as farm and railroad workers.
Korematsu v. United States (1944)
Upheld the constitutionality of relocation on grounds of national security.
Executive Order 9066
authorizing the Secretary of War to prescribe certain areas as military zones. Eventually, EO 9066 cleared the way for the relocation of Japanese Americans to internment camps.
A. Philip Randolph
Black labor leader president of Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters and the National Negro Congress mobilize against discrimination.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Civil rights organization form during wartime by pacifists.
General supreme commander in the Pacific was said to admire the discipline of the German army and to disparage political democracy.
American and British troops planed an invasion in Morocco and Algeria.
U.S. and British invasion of France in June 1944 during world war II
General who became supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe. He appeared to his troops a model of leadership.
Allied invasion American, British, Canadian, and Free French troops to hit the Normandy beaches to retake western and central Europe from German forces.
Battle of the Bulge
Germans surprised the Americans driving them fifty miles back before literally running out of gas
Battle of the Coral Sea
was fought between the Japanese and Allied navies.The battle was the first ever fleet action in which aircraft carriers engaged each other, as well as the first in which neither side's ships sighted or fired directly upon the other
Battle of Midway
the United States Navy decisively defeated an Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) attack against Midway Atoll, inflicting irreparable damage on the Japanese fleet
pacific campaigns of 1944 that were American naval versions of Blitzkrieg.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
largest naval battle in battle history. The Japanese lost eighteen capital ships leaving the U.S, in control of the pacific.
Roosevelt, Stalin. Churchill
Feb. 1945 - last meeting of the big three , sphere of influence , soviets to enter war against Japan within 2-3 months of German surrender
Truman, and Stalin Churchill,( replaced by Clement Atlee), try Nazi as war criminals, reparations, Divisions of Germany into four zones of occupation, Truman received word that atom bomb had been successfully tested.
War Powers Act
President given power to Reorganize the government and create agencies Establish programs censoring news and information and abridging civil liberties Seize property owned by foreigners Award government contracts without competitive bidding.
Neutrality Act 1935
Deter entanglements in future foreign wars. Response to Italy's threatened invasion of Ethiopia Forbade the sale of munitions to all belligerents whenever presidents should proclaim that a state of war existed. American who took passage on a belligerent ship did so at their own risk Invoke when Italy invaded Ethiopia
Neutrality Acts of 1937
Response to civil war in Spain Broadened arms embargo to cover civil wars Continued embargo on munitions and loans, and prohibitions regarding Americans traveling on belligerent ships Gave president discretionary authority to place the sale of goods to belligerents on a cash and carry only basis
Bases Destroy 1940
The Destroyers for Bases Agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom, September 2, 1940, transferred fifty mothballed destroyers from the United States Navy in exchange for land rights on British possessions. The destroyers became the Town-class, and were named for cities common to both the United States and Great Britain.