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Reasons The Soviets Distrusted the Americans
American troops intervened in the Russian revolution. U.S. did not recognize the U.S.S.R. until 1933. Soviet propaganda stirred up fears of capitalism. Allies delayed establishing a second front in World War II Communist' emphasis on worldwide revolution Past Soviet agreements with Germany - Treaty of Brest -Litovsk,1918,Non -aggression Pact 1939
Post -World War II Europe
The West saw Poland as a buffer zone Soviets saw Poland as an invasion corridor
Stalin refused to recognize Polish government in exile in London Stalin suppressed freedom of speech assembly, religion, press and did not hold promised free elections. U.S. Ambassador Averell Harriman warned that Soviets may misinterpret out desire for cooperation as softness. Truman decided to take a hard line against Soviets: "our agreements with the Soviet Union had so far been a one -way street." But Truman was never willing to risk WWIII over Poland - Red army
Bretton Woods Conference July 1944
Many feared that depression would return at the end of the war International Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) created to - Stabilize exchange rates. - Deter currency conflicts and trade wars.
three-hundred-day Soviet blockade of land access to United States, British, and French occupation zones in Berlin 1948 - 1949
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Agency established in 1947 that coordinates the gathering and evaluation of military and economic information on other nations.
The political and economic confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States that dominated world affairs from 1946 - 1989
Counsil of Economic Advisors
Board of three professional economists established in 1946 to advise the president on economic policy.
The Truman Doctrine
Theory: communism thrives where there is chaos and poverty Response: promote stability and prosperity through aid. Immediate concerns: Greece and Turkey - if these two were lost, Middle East threatened. -$400 Million in aid to monarchy and right wing army. " I believe that it must be the policy of the U.S. to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation
Legistaltion in june 1944 that eased the return of veterans into American Society by providing education and employment benifits
The United Nations
Dunbarton Oaks Conference, 1944, and San Francisco, 1945 World organization to arbitrate disputes and use military force, if necessary, to stop aggressors Five permanent members of security Council have veto power. - U.S., U.S.S.R. Great Britain, Franc, nationalist China
House Un-American Activities Committee
Originally intended to ferret out pro-fascists, later investigated "un-american propaganda''that attacked constitutional goverment.
International Bank for Reconstruction and Develpement (world bank)
Designed to revive postwar international trade, it drew on the resources of memebr nations to make economic development loans to goverments for such projects as a new dams or agricultural modernization.
international Monetary Fund (IMF)
international organization est. 1945 to assist nations in maintaining stable currencies.
pacific war started on June 25 1950 when north Korea help by soviet equipment and chinese training attacked South Korea.
Anti - communist attitudes and actions associated with Senator Joe McCarthy in the early 1950s, including smear tactics and innuendo
National Security Council (NSC)
The formal policymaking body for national defense and foreign relations, created in 1947 and consisting of the president, the secretary of defense, the secretary of state, and others appointed by the president.
Warsaw Pact 1955
Soviet response to NATO Created when West joined NATO
Taft - Hartly Act
Federal legislation of 1947 that substantially limited the tools available for labor to unions in labor managment disputes.
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