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The sicentific study of the mind, brain, and behavior.
Williams James (1842-1910) is regarded as the founder of American Psychology, once described psychology as a "Nasty Little" Subject
Rungs on a ladder of explanation, with lower levels tied most closely to biological influences and higher levels tied most closely to social influences.
Levels of explanation
Caused by many factors.
Explanations that try to account for complex behaviors in terms of only a single cause.
Variations among people in their thinking emotion and behavior.
Belief that we see the world precisely as it is.
Tendency to seek out evidence that supports our hypotheses and neglect or distort evidence that contradicts them.
Tendency to stick to our initial beliefs even when evidence contradicts them.
Explanations for a large number of findings in the natural world.
Testable prediction derived from a sientific theory
A theory that explains one epecific event.
A theory is just an educated Guess
_____ is a set of claims thats sees scientific but isnt
______ is the tendency to perceive meaningful connections among urelated phenomena.
Assertions about the world that are not testable.
Approach of evaluating all claims with an open mind but insisting on persuasive evidence before accepting them.
Set of skills for evatuating all claims in an open-minded and careful fashion.
Error of assuming that because one thing is associated with another, it must cause the other
Anything that can vary
Capable of being disproved
What are the six key principles of scientific thinking?
1)Rulling out rival hypotheses.
5)Extraordinary claims requires extraordinary evidence.
Capable of being disaproved.
_____ means that a study 's findings can be duplicated consistently.
Method by which trained observes carefully reflect and report on their mental experiences.
_____ aimed to identify the basic elements of psychological experience and was faunded by E. B. Titchener.
______ is aimed to understandthe adaptive purposes of psychological characteristics and founded by William James; influenced by Charles Darwin.
______ focuses on uncovering the general laws of learning by looking at observable behavior.
John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner.
_____ is the mental procesess involved in different aspects of thinking.
Jean Piaget; Ulric Neisser
____ was founded by Sigmund Freud, and focuses on internal psychological processes of which we are unaware.