ch 16.txt

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markfields
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144777
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ch 16.txt
Updated:
2012-03-31 02:22:49
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psych
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ch 16 psych
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  1. Module 16
    Emotion
  2. EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE
    • Emotion:
    • defined in four components
    • first, interpret or appraise some stimulus in terms of your well being
    • second, experience a subjective feeling, such as fear or happiness
    • third, physiological responses, such as changes in heart rate or breathing
    • fourth, show observable behaviors, such as smiling or crying
    • PERIPHERAL THEORIES
    • Studying emotions
    • peripheral theory of emotion
    • emphasizes how physiological changes in the body give rise to emotional feelings
    • cognitive appraisal theory of emotions
    • emphasizes how interpretations or appraisals of situations result in emotional feelings
    • affective neuroscience approach
    • studies the underlying neural bases of mood and emotion by focusing on the brain�s neural circuits that evaluate stimuli and produce or contribute to experiencing and expressing different emotional states
    • PERIPHERAL THEORIES (CONT.)
    • James-Lange Theory
    • says that our brain interprets specific physiological changes as feelings or emotions and that there is a different physiological pattern underlying each emotion
    • Facial -Feedback theory
    • says that the sensations or feedback from the movement of your facial muscles and skin are interpreted by your brain as different emotions
  3. Happiness
    • indicated by smiling and laughing
    • can result from momentary pleasures
    • such as funny commercials
    • short-term joys, such as, a great date
    • long-term satisfaction, such as an enjoyable relationship
  4. HAPPINESS (CONT.)
    • Positive emotions
    • Reward/pleasure center
    • Includes several areas:
    • nucleus accumbens
    • ventral tegmental area
    • several neurotransmitters, especially dopamine
    • these and other brain areas make up a neural circuit producing rewarding and pleasurable feelings, such as happiness
    • HAPPINESS (CONT.)
    • HAPPINESS (CONT.)
    • Long-term happiness
    • Adaptation level theory
    • says that we quickly become accustomed to receiving some good fortune (money, job, car, degree)
    • we take the good fortune for granted within a short period of time
    • impact of good fortune fades and contributes less to our long-term level of happiness

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