Moral Law: An Introduction to Ethics
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What is the definition of ethics?
The field of study that deals with discovering what is morally right and wrong.
What is the core understanding of a Naturalistic view of Ethics?
A rejection of the possibiblity of having an absolute standard by which to judge right and wrong.
What is the postition of Utilitarianism?
long-range consequences ddetermine what is right and what it wrong; an action is not good in and of itself. It is good only is there are benefited results from the act.
Name the two proponents of Utilitarianism and what is the difference in their views?
- 1. Jeremy Bentham: all pleasures are equal
- 2. John Stuart Miller: intellectual and sophisticated pleasures are ranked higher thatn fleshly pleasures
What is Ethical Relativism and who is a proponent of it?
- Each person must determine their own ethics of right and wrong
- Jean-Paul Satre
What is conventionalism and what other name does it go by?
- right and wrong are determines by the culture in which a person lives
- cultural relativism
What is the definition of the Theistic view of ethics?
An ethic of absolute truth that flows from a morally perfect God, who is the foundation of ethics.
What is Absolutism and who is proponent of it? What are the two books?
- There are absolute laws that should never be broken in any situation
- Saint Augustine
- On Lying and Against Lying
What is Conflicting Absolutism and what verse seems to support this postition?
- It argues that in conflicting situations the application of absolute law should lead to the choice of the "lesser of two evils."
- Matthew 5: 22
What is Graded Absolutism and what verse seems to support this position?
- It argues that in conflicting situations the application of absolute law should lead to choosing the greater good (instead of the lesser evil).
- Ezra 10 (Rahab's lie)
How does Hardy compare the ethical views with the different theories of truth?
- Utilitarianism resembles pragmatism.
- Ethical relativism comes from the subjective theory of truth.
- Conventionalism/ Cultural relativism is a result of the coherence theory of truth.
- None of these affirm the absolute theory of truth.
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