A&P U: Urinary Bladder

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Author:
lecaly
ID:
145026
Filename:
A&P U: Urinary Bladder
Updated:
2012-04-07 20:25:42
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Urinary Bladder
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A&P U: Urinary Bladder
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  1. Urinary bladder

    _________ in shape

    a _________ muscular organ

    it acts as a __________ for urine

    it has _ openings
    pyramid

    hollow

    resevoir

    3
  2. What is the maximum storage capacity of the urinary bladder?

    What is the normal output of urine in a 24 hour period?
    up to 800 ml of urine

    1-2 liters (500 mL)
  3. Where is the urinary bladder located?
    it is posterior to the pubic symphysis

    freely moveable

    held in position by the peritoneum and fascia
  4. List the three openings of the urinary bladder
    ureters

    urethra

    trigone
  5. Ureters as an opening to the urinary bladder: _ flap openings made of mucosa folds


    - 2

    - 4

    - 6
    2
  6. Urethra as an opening to the urinary bladder: it is guarded by internal and ____________ sphincter muscles
    external
  7. Trigone as an opening to the urinary bladder area of bladder going into the urethra it does not contain ________
    rugae
  8. List the three layers that make up the urinary bladder
    Epithelium

    Muscularis

    Outer serous
  9. The epithelium layer in the urinary bladder is made up of?

    Is it the inner, middle or outer layer?

    What shape are the cells found in it?
    mucous

    inner

    transitional cells: columnar to flat
  10. The muscularis layer urinary bladder is made up of?

    Is it the inner, middle or outer layer?
    smooth mucle

    middle (?)
  11. What is the third layer (not epithelium or muscularis) of the urinary bladder composed of?

    Is it the inner, middle or outer layer?

    What does it attach to?
    serous

    outer

    it attaches to the reritoneum
  12. Cystitis
    inflammation of the bladder

    may involve kidney, ureters, urethra, prostate, etc.

    with painful distension

    blood, cells, pus found in urine

    more common in women due to shorter urethra with proximity to rectum
  13. Carcinoma of the bladder
    having finger like projections on the lumen of the bladder

    radical cystectomy may be needed (removal of entire bladder)

    can be caused by certain chemicals from industry

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