Path Cardio II

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Path Cardio II
2012-04-01 15:37:48
Path Cardio II

Path Cardio II
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  1. Glasser’s Dz or Strep Suis II causes
  2. What causes brisket edema (2)?
    • Constrictive Pericarditis
    • R Heart Failure
  3. Causes of sudden death in a dog:
    • HSA/Hemopericardium
    • Myxomatous Valve Degen(Endocardiosis)/Chordae Tendinae Rupture
  4. HSA causes sudden death and….
  5. What pathology is classified as vegetative or ulcerative/erosive?
  6. What causes ruptured cordae tendinae?
    Myxomatous Valve Degen (Endocardiosis)
  7. What pathology causes Bread and Butter?
    Fibrinous Pericarditis
  8. What is an incidental finding, usually in calves, with no clinical significance?
    Valvular Cysts
  9. Clostridium chauvoei cuases….
    • Clostridial Myositis
    • (Black Leg)
  10. Dogs rarely get…
    Fibrinous Pericarditis
  11. Streptococcus will cuase ____ in several species
    Fibrinous Pericarditis
  12. Which type of exudates can develop with Pericarditis: (4)
    • Fibrinous (CT)
    • Suppurative
    • Fibrinohemmhoragic
    • Granulomatous
  13. Which type of exudates can develop with Myocarditis (5):
    • Suppurative
    • Lymphocytic
    • Eosinophilic
    • Hemorrhagic
    • Granulomatous
  14. Restrictive Pericarditis can be caused by…
  15. Finbrinopurulent exudate in the joints of a pig would be indicative of which heart pathology:
    • Polyserositis
    • (Glasser’s Dz/H. parasius/Strep)
  16. Three stages of hypertrophy:
    • Initiation (Increase SIZE Sarcomere/Mitochondria)
    • Compensation (no c/s)
    • Deterioration (Degen/Dec Contractility)
  17. Heart Failure Cells can be caused by:
    • L Heart Failure
    • Mitral Endocarditis
  18. Nutmeg Liver is caused by
    R Heart Failure
  19. Excess NaCl diet in ducks and chickens causes:
    R Heart Failure
  20. Tetrology of Fallot:
    • Ventricular Septal Defect
    • Dextraposition of Aorta
    • Pulmonic Stenosis
    • R Vent Hypertrophy (Pulm. Sten)
  21. What pathology is characterized with nodular thickening of valves?
    Myxomatous Valve Degen (Endocardiosis)
  22. Possible sequele to Vegetative Endocarditis?
    Embolic Pneumonia
  23. Uremic Endocaritis usually => lesions in which part of the heart
  24. C/S of uremic endocarditis:
    • Pleural Mineralization
    • Ulcers in mouth
  25. What is thought to be a cause of uremic carditits
    Amyloidosis (poss d/t chronic Inflamm)
  26. What causes uniform thickening of endocardium
    subendothelial fibroelastosis
  27. Myxomatous Valve Degen in dogs usually affects what part of the heart? Sequele?
    • Mitral Valve
    • L Sided HF
  28. Jet Lesions are associated with...
  29. Which cardiac tissue is very prone to anoxia & free radicals and has 0 regeneration?
  30. Small lesions to ___ => dramatic Fx
  31. Hypertrophy in the heart =>
    Increase Size of Sarcomeres d/t increase # Sarcomeres & Mitochondria
  32. Compensatory Mechs of Myocardium (4):
    • Hypertrophy
    • Dilation
    • HR
    • Increase peripheral resistence/blood volume
    • (all to Increase CO)
  33. Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies may be found in what part of the heart in a puppy w/ parvo
  34. Three types of Primary Cardiomyopathy:
    • Hypertrophic
    • Dilated/Congestive
    • Restrictive
  35. What pathology can cause sudden death under anesthesia in dogs and cats?
    Dilated/Congestive Cardiomyopathy (DCM)
  36. Which cardiomyopathy resembles eccentric hypertrophy?
    Dilated/Congestive Cardiomyopathy
  37. Which cardiomyopathy resembles concentric hypertrophy?
    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  38. Cat w/ C/S of Weakness, Cold Feet & pain =>
    Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy/Saddle Thrombus