clinical terms

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clinical terms
2012-04-01 16:01:25
anatomy physiology

integumentary, skeletal and urinary clinical terms
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  1. a fungal infection of the skin of the foot caused by agents including candida and trichophyton aka tinea pedis
    athletes foot
  2. a bacterial infection of a hair follicle and or sebaceous gland
  3. a bacterial infection similar to a boil that spreads into the subcutaneous tissue
  4. a circumscribed painful horny induration and thickening of the skin caused by friction or pressure from poorly fitting shoes
  5. a severe bedsore or ulcer that forms due to the obstruction of blood flow may occur especially on the elbow hip and leg
    decubitus ulcer
  6. excessive or profuse sweating
  7. a general term used to describe any superficial inflammatory process involving the skin, generally marked by redness, itching, tiny papules, and weeping oozing vesicles, common in children due to allergic reactions to food or inhalants
  8. localized tumor of the skin and tsubcutaneous layer resulting from an abnormal increase in blood vessels, one example portwine stain
  9. an accidental or induced condition of lowered body temperature
  10. an accidental or induced condition of elevated body temperature
  11. any abnormal horny or keratinized growth such as a wart or callus
  12. an elevated enlarging fibrous scar usually initiated by an injury
  13. an inflammatory by rarely contagious bacterial disease caused by mycobacterium leprae, may result in peripheral sensory nerve damage
    leprosy(hansen's disease)
  14. a circumscribed often congenital discoloration of the skin or mucous membrane aka a mole
  15. an infection of lice affecting the head and body or genitalia, the disease causes intense itching and may lead to secondary infection
  16. a small purplish round non raised hemorrhagic spot on the skin usually red in color, may precede eruptions usch as from syphilis, measles, or small pox
  17. a severe itching common in skin disorders, allergy and parasitic infestations
  18. a chronic skin disease in which the cells in the epidermis divide more frequently than normal forming bright red patches covered with silvery scales
  19. a popular term infections of the skin due to vaious species of fungi
  20. a contagious itchy dermatosis caused by the itch mite sarcoptes scabiei. the mites form burrows in the folds of the skin in the groin and chest and cause extensive edema
  21. a vacular reaction of the skin in which there are transient elevated reddish patches with severe itching aka hives may be caused by reactions to foods infections or stress
  22. a circumscribed elevated cutaneous tumor usually caused by papilloma viruses( begnin small tumor)
  23. an abnormal enlargement of the extremities of middle aged persons especially the cranial and facial bones and the bones of the hands and feet
  24. a disease that causes inflamed swollen and painful joints
  25. an autoimmune disorder in which the synovial membrane of the joint becomes inflammed and thickens forming a mass called a mannus. the articular cartilage becomes damaged and fibrous tissue infiltrates it, the joint may ossify in time accompanied by fatigue, muscular atrophy, anemia and osteoporosis
    rheumatoid arthritis
  26. most common form of arthritis, the area of the joint deforms, the articular cartilage softens and disintegrates, the joints become painful and movement restricted
  27. a caterial infection passed in the tick bite causing rash fatigue and flu like aches and pains, several weeks later intermittent arthritis of several joints may develop
    lyme arthritis
  28. a congenital defect in the fusion of the embryonic maxillary and or median nasal processed leading to a minor or major fissure of the soft body tissue of the lip and palate, may be unilateral or bilateral complete or incomplete. surgical repair is usually necessary
    cleft lip palate
  29. a laterally defected nasal septum that if severe may block a nasal passageway thus requiring surgery
    deviated nasal septum
  30. an abnormally enlargement of the cranium, may be due to improper fusion or devellopment of the fontanels or to continued production of growth hormones
  31. an abnormally small cranium often due to premature closure of the fontanels
  32. any condition in which bone breakdown outraces bone formation causing bones to be porous and weaken
  33. may be congenital or result from disease or poor posture
    abnormal spinal curves
  34. swayback, the lumbar curve is accentuated may result from tuberculosis or rickets
  35. hunchback, thoracic curve is accentuated common in aged indiciduals because of osteoporosis but may also be due to tuberculosis of the spine rickets or osteomalacia
  36. due to a laterla curvature usually in the thoracic region severe cases are treated with body braces and surgery
  37. absence of one or both kidneys
  38. an absence of urine may be due to kidney failure or to an obstruction in a kidney pathway
  39. hereditary disease causing the faulty development of the renal tubules and collecting ducts of the kidneys, cysts develop enlarge and destroy renal fuction relatively common cause of renal faiulure
    congenital polycystic kidney disease
  40. condition characterized by a excretion of a large volue (5-20 liters per day) of very dilute urine may be due to a defect in the production of adh or an insensitivity of the cell of the distal convoluted tubules and collecting ducts to adh
    diabetes indipidus
  41. an increased production of urine
  42. painful urination
  43. a kidney displaced from its normal position
    ectopic kidney
  44. presence of blood in urine which may be due to lesions in the urinary tract, blood originating from the upper portion of the tract maight be due to glomerulonephritis, a malignancy infection or a stone, lower tract hemorrhage might be due to infection, malignancy a stone or urethritis
  45. a scanty output of urine
  46. an excessive output of urine
  47. usually caused vy gram negatice bacteria in the urethra, causes pain and buring urination
    urinary tract infection (UTI)
  48. support soft tissue
    site of attachment for muscles
    protect internal organs
    allow for movement since bones provide leverage for muscle contraction
    storage of minerals especially calcium and phosphorus
    heopoiesis in red bone marrow (formation of blood cells)
    storage of lipids in yellow bone marrow for energy
    functions of the skeletal system
  49. 1. broken blood vessels form clot called a fracture hematoma
    2.phagocytes and osteoclasts remove traumatized tissue
    3.blood capillaries organize the hematoms into granulation tissue called procallus
    4.fibroblasts form periosteum and osteoprogenator cells produce collagen fibers
    5.chondroblasts form and produce fibrocartialge to form soft callus
    6.fibrocatilage is converted to spongy bone called hard callus
    7.remodeling of spongy bone to compact bone
    process of bone repair
  50. this membrane lines body cavities that open to the exterior portion of the body
    mucous membrane
  51. this is not found in the epidermis
  52. this layer of the dermis includes thermo receptors called meissners corpuscles
    papillary layer
  53. this is not a characteristic of the skin
    none of the above
  54. this is a defect of melanin production which gives a person little or no pigment in the hair skin or eyes
  55. these cells are responsible for bone formation
  56. this is the functional unit for spongy bone
  57. this is not an example of flat bone
  58. what is the first step in the process of bone repair
    broken blood vessels form a clot
  59. this vitamin has a homrone calcitriol which promotes removal of calcium but increases calcium absorption by intestines
    vitamin d
  60. this movement increases the angle of the joint, it can be seen by straightening a flexed neck trunk elbow or knee
  61. which is not a fibrous joint
  62. this type of articulation is considered slightly moveable
  63. this is an example of a gomphosis articulation
    tooth in its socket
  64. this joint allows for flexion and extension only
    none of the above
  65. which of these tendons is not part of the rotator cuff
    teres major
  66. this type of arthritis is most prevalent in elders and can also be due to wear and tear
  67. gouty arthritis is caused by hight levels of
    uric acid
  68. which of the following is not a fucntion fo the urinary system
    to filter wastes
  69. which of these external layers cushions and holds the kidney in place
    adipose capsule
  70. this nephron travels down into the deulla pyramids
    juxtamedullary nephron
  71. which is not part of the internal structure of the kidney
  72. this is where most of the water is reabsorbed by obligatory water reabsorption
    proximal convoluted tubule
  73. renin removes amyloid hormone from angiotensinogen to form
    angiotensin I
  74. which of the following is the correct filtration fraction