Chapter 9/Young adulthood
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When does typical adulthood start and when does it end?
It starts with the end of the teenage years and ends with the beginning of midlife. From the years 20-39
What is Ericksons yound adulthood theory?
Intinacy vs. Isolation, you either have someone or no one. He proposed that the primary crisis of young adulthood is to find someone to love.
What is Daniel Levinson's yound adulthood theory?
He refers to young adulthood as the novice phase meaning that individuals in thier 20's and 30's are just beginners at being adults. He calls the early 20's a turbulent time of adult transition.
What are the two key issues of development in young adulthood?
- 1. Establishing Intimacy
- 2. Developing a Career
- they are consumed with #1 and #2 trails way behind, these two are extremely far apart
In gender and sexuality, the Social Exchange Theory has three main characteristics that influence our attraction to other people what are they?
- 1) Physical attractiveness
- 2) Personality
- 3) Intellignece
What is the Matching Hypothesis?
People seek out mates that are at similar attractiveness
In gender and sexuality there is Interaction Factors; three factors that interact with the social exchange theory's factors to determine the likehood of the creation of a relationship. What are these three factors?
- 1) Proximity - geographic or residential
- 2) Similarity - shared attributes
- 3) Recipriocity - the idea that we like people when they seem to like us
What is proximity?
Geographic, residential, or other forms of spacial closeness
What is similarity?
What is recipriocity?
The idea that we like people more when they seem to like us
True or False
When you fall in live you will know it.
True or False
When love strikes you have control over it.
True or False
Love is a purely positive thing.
True love lasts forever?
In gender and sexuality what are the 3 types of romantic love attachment?
- Secure (56%) - interdependent with partner
- Anbivalent (20%) - checking cell phone, need to know
- Avoidant (24%) - no response, booty call only
What is cohabitation?
Living together in a seually intimate relationship without the bonds of marriage
What is endogamy?
- The tendency to marry with one's own social group.
- You have to put yourself into the atmosphere you want to find someone with those qualities.
What is Homogamy?
The tendency of people to marry others who have personal characteristicc similar to their own.
The SVR theory has three stages in a couples relationship leading to marriage; what are the three stages?
What is stimulus of the SVR theory?
Focus on superficial and easily identifiable characteristics of a potential mate. Clothes, money, car
What is value of the SVR theory?
- Significance and compatibility of values
- The more similarities the better
What is role of the SVR theory?
Evaluation of whether the other person does a satisfactory job in the role of the intimate companion. There is no way to tell what is going on in someones head.
What are the predictors of marital success?
- Family background: if your parents are divorced, your chances of divorce are higher.
- Age: The younger the couple the higher the divorce rate
- Length of courtship: atleast 1 year before marriage
- Socialeconomic class: working class and lower class families have a increased rate of divorce due to education which increases communication skills
- Personality: If you marry a person with a mental disorder your divorce rate is higher (alcohol, drug, depressed, bipolar)
What are the reasons for divorce?
- Physical abuse
- Communication is #1
- Children-housekeeping bulk up to communication
- Physical abuse usually comes when you run out of words, under educated, pooe communication skills
What would you like to do?
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