Card Set Information

2012-04-01 23:39:47
religion unit 2012 amanda

Religion unit 1 : morality
Show Answers:

  1. Stereotype
    • image/ assumption about a person/ group based on faulty/incomplete knowledge.
    • (Ex. all jocks are uneducated)
  2. Prejudice
    attitude of hostility directed as a group of people
  3. Racism
    prejudism/hostility directed towards a group of people because of their race
  4. Discrimination
    • using differences amongst people as reasons to deny others a right to participate in the community.
    • (ex. Women competing for men’s jobs)
  5. Natural law
    not a written law; but moral code built into creation
  6. Power
    God given capacity of everyone to affect their own life, the life’s of others and the world around them in a positive/ negative manner (ability to act freely on chosen decisions)
  7. Reconciliation
    the restoration of harmony; opening ourselves to god’s grace and love bringing about healing in our relationships that have been wounded as a result of sin
  8. Dignity
    all people deserve respect as each person is created in the image of God
  9. Poverty
    lacking life’s basic necessities. When economic growth is placed ahead of people and creation
  10. Original Sin
    refers to the human “tendency” to make choices opposed to love, opposed to God’s intention
  11. Sin
    making choices opposed to love, opposed to god’s intention
  12. Venial Sin
    "not yet fatal”; light matters; doesn’t cut at the heart of the relationship; refusal to grow; side-stepping and can lead to deteration (not praying, admit their wrong, cooperate, sarcasm) of relationship; thus, can leads to mortal sin
  13. Grace
    god’s transforming love/self-communication that has visible effects through human actions
  14. Boycott
    organized large scale refusal to buy certain products or attend certain events
  15. Conscience
    inner sense of right and wrong that enables individuals to decide moral choices freely
  16. Justice
    creating the conditions that enable people to not only serve but to flourish. Respecting and promoting the rights of all members of the community; striving to ensure the wellbeing of others as well as ourselves
  17. Value
    principles that guide someone’s choices about what kind of person he/she is becoming
  18. Responsibility
    accountability for choices
  19. Grace
    God’s loving presence within us
  20. Rationalization
    false motives when our reasons are not admirable and we do not want to admit them even to ourseleves
  21. Amoral
    • not considered with moral standards at all;
    • does not accept any concept of right and wrong;
    • acts without paying attention to what us right/wrong choices are random
  22. Moral
    • Person who can distinguish between right and wrong;
    • Is concerned with how people should behave; Looks at the decisions people make as they are free beings
  23. Immoral
    • Oppose the moral principles of society;
    • Does not act the way humans are meant to act;
    • Knowingly and freely treat other in an unmoving way
  24. Objective Reality
  25. Objective Morality
    universal sense of what is right/wrong; the same moral truths apply to everyone
  26. Subjective Reality
    what is perceived; your own theory
  27. Subjective Morality
    your sense of what is right/wrong on the circumstances
  28. Hedonism
    holds that the only purpose in life is to receive pleasure. The ultimate reason why we do anything is to acquire pleasure to avoid pain.
  29. Utilitarianism
    (further development of Hedonism); good of moral actions is to produce the greatest happiness for the greater number of people. People are basically selfish, but are compelled to consider the happiness of other people because they need everyone’s cooperation
  30. Totalitarianism
    (facism, Nazism, communism); any system of government dominance whereby the total life of the individual in controlled. It usurps creativity, privacy and eliminates freedom. The individual can be sacrificed for the good of the state. There is no God that state alone is absolute therefore the state is God
  31. Socialism
    A system that puts the rights and responsibilities of all people at one level. The government and society are responsible for taking care of all the people. “Good of the Whole.”
  32. Nihilism
    life has no meaning/purpose. Nothing we do whether it’s right/wrong makes any difference since life ends at death
  33. Existentialism
    individualistic way of looking at people. Each person is alone and separate from everyone else. Solely concerned with his/her own interests and rights
  34. Humanism
    devote to the well-being of people but there is no reference to God at all
  35. Christian Personalism
    contrasts existentialism); one doesn’t live for themselves, but for others. The personalist is not simply concerned with his/her own interests and rights but also with his/her obligations towards others.
  36. Consumerism
    holds material objects as the most important aspects of life.