Test 4

Card Set Information

Test 4
2012-04-02 01:06:30
Human Organization

Cavities, body planes ... etc
Show Answers:

  1. The brain and spinal cord are in which cavity?
    Dorsal Cavity
  2. The abdominal and thoractic cavities are in which cavity
    Ventral Cavity
  3. Blood is a type of which type of tissue
  4. The only type of tissue that is voluntary
  5. Type of tissue found in the heart
  6. A neuron is the basic unit of the
    nervous tissue
  7. Which component of blood carries oxygen from your lungs to your body's tissue and takes carbon dioxide back to your lungs to be exhaled
    red cells
  8. Supports neurons and engulfs bacterial and cellular debris
  9. Type of membrane lines freely movable joint cavities, and secrete synovial fluid
  10. Vertical plane which passes from front to rear dividing the body into right and left sections
  11. Carries oxygen from the lungs to your bodies tissue and takes carbon dioxide back to your lungs to be exhaled
  12. Type of body membrane that lines the tubes of the digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive systems
  13. Is the presenc of a product that results in an increase in the production of that product
    positive feedback
  14. Is the presence of a product that results in a decrease in the production of that product
    negative feedback
  15. A disease or disorder that lasts a long time is called
  16. A disease or disorder that lasts a short time, comes on rapidly, and is accompanied by distinct syptoms is called
  17. A plane (also known as the frontal plane) is any vertical plane that divides the body into ventral and dorsal sections
  18. Plane (also called the horizontal plane, axial plane, or transaxial plane) is an imaginary plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts. It is perpendicular to the coronal and sagittal planes
  19. Three types of cells found in the body
    Squamous, Cubodial, Columnar
  20. The study of the strucutre of an organism and its parts
  21. The study of the function of an organisms structural equipment
  22. Four types of tissue found in the body
    Epithelial, Connective, Muscular, Nervous
  23. Usually joins an epithelium to underlying connective tissue
    basement membrane
  24. Organs or groups of cells specialized to secrete one or more substances
  25. Two types of glads are
    Ducted and Ductless
  26. Forms an impermeable barrier because adjacent plasma membrane protiens actually join, producing zipper-like fastening
    Tight juctions
  27. Forms when two adjacent plasma membrane channels join
    Gap junctions
  28. The adjacent plasma membranes do not touch but are held together by intercellular filaments firmly attached to cytoplasmic plaques
    Adhesion junctions
  29. Six types of connective tissue
    loose, fibrous, cartilage, bone, blood and adipose tissue
  30. Contain collagen, a protein that gives them flixibility and strength
    collagen fibers
  31. The main component of connective tissue
    collagen fibers
  32. Mostly found in fibrous tissues such as tendon, ligament and skin
    Collagen fibers
  33. Very thin collagen fibers that are highly branched and form delicate supporting networks
    Reticular fibers
  34. Acts as a supporting mesh in soft tissues such as liver, bone marrow, and the tissues and organs in the lyphatic system
    Reticular fibers
  35. Contain protein that is not as strong as collagen
    Elastic fibers
  36. These fibers can stretch up to 1.5 times their length, and snap back to their original length when relaxed
    Elastic fibers
  37. Contains red cells, white cells, and platelets suspended in plasma
    whole blood
  38. Platelets are ___ % of whole blood
    45% volume
  39. Plasma are ___ % of whole blood
    55% volume
  40. Red blood cells also called ____ these cells carry oxygen from the lungs to your bodies tissue and take carbon dioxide back to your lungs to be exhaled
  41. _____ or thrombocytes are small, colorless cell fragments in the blood whose main function is to interact with clotting protiesns to stop or prevent bleeding
  42. Is a fluid composed of about 92% of water, 7% vital protiens
  43. Tpes of plasma include
    clotting factors, mineral salts, sugar and fats
  44. Attach muscle to bone
  45. Join bone to bone
  46. Two types of fibrous connective tissue
    tendons and ligaments
  47. Cells lie in small chambers called
  48. Most common type of cartilage, contains only a few collagen fibers
  49. Type of cartilage found in the nose, ends of long ribs and bones
  50. Has more elastic fibers than hyaline and is more flixible
  51. Type of cartiage found in the outer ear
  52. Has a matrix containing strong collagen fibers
  53. Type of cartilage that is found in sturctures that withstand tension and pressure
  54. The muscle tissue that makes up your muscles that you use to move your body
  55. Muscle tissue that is found only in the heart
  56. Is muscle tissue that is named because it has no striations
  57. Type of muscle tissue that is found in areas of the body that require movement, but we have no control over it
  58. Support neurons and engulf bacterial and cellular debris
  59. Provide nutrients to neurons and produce a hormone known as glia-derived growth factor
  60. Has a potential as a treatment to parkinsons disease
    glia-derived growth factor
  61. For myelin sheaths
  62. Line the fluid-filled spaces of the brain and spinal cord
    Ependymal cells
  63. Line the tubes of the digestive, respiratory, urinary, and reproductive systems
    Mucous membranes
  64. Line the thoracic and abdominal cavities and cover the organs they contain (named specifically according to their location)
    Serous membranes
  65. Line freely movable join cavities, secrete synovial fluid
    synovial membranes
  66. Membranes within dorsal cavity, protective covering for the brain and spianl cord
  67. The presence of a product of the system results in a decrease in the production of that product (helps maintain stability in a system in spite of external changes)
    Negative feedback
  68. The presence of a product (or signal) results in an increase in the production (amplification) of that product (or signal); in other words; brings about an even greater change in the same direction
    Positive feedback
  69. Affects entire body or several organ systems
  70. Affects a specific part of the body
  71. Occurs suddenly and lasts a short time
  72. Develops slowly and lasts a long time
  73. Disease that is defined as a disease or disorder that lasts a short time, comes on rapidly, and is accompanied by distinct symptoms
  74. Examples of this disease are influenza, salmonellosis, and hepatitis A
  75. Examples of this type of disease with long durations are cancer, heart disease, and diabetes
  76. What type of tissue stores fat in large cells
  77. Type of cell that are usually found in linings
  78. Type of cells that are typically found anywhere where secretions occur
    Cuboidal and columnar
  79. Support systems for the neurons
  80. An abnormaility in the body's normal processes that significantly impairs normal functions
  81. Type of systemic disease that can start in the eye or can spread to the eye, tumors of the eye are rare
  82. Type of disease that is confined to a tissue or organ
  83. Six human body systems
    muscular, nervous, urinary, digestive, reproductive, and skeletal