Diabetes Meds

Card Set Information

Author:
britsands
ID:
145216
Filename:
Diabetes Meds
Updated:
2012-04-02 09:20:31
Tags:
Brittany
Folders:

Description:
Diabetes meds
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user britsands on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Humalog (Lispro)
    Onset
    Peak
    Duration
    • Onset: 15-30 min
    • Peak: 30-90min
    • Duration: 3-5 hours
  2. Novolog (Aspart)
    Onset
    Peak
    Duration
    • O: 10-20
    • P: 40-50
    • D: 3-5
  3. Regular humulin or novolin
    Onset
    Peak
    Duration
    • O: 30-1hr
    • P: 2-5 hrs
    • D: 5-8 hrs
  4. NPH (N)
    Onset
    Peak
    Duration
    • O: 1-2 hrs
    • P: 4-12 hrs
    • D: 18-24 hrs
  5. Lente (L)
    Onset
    Peak
    Duration
    • O: 1-2.5 hrs
    • P: 3-10 hrs
    • D: 18-24 hrs
  6. Lantus
    Onset
    Peak
    Duration
    • O: 1-1.5 hrs
    • P: No peak
    • D: 20-24 hrs
  7. Levemir
    (extremely expensive)
    O:
    P:
    D:
    • O: 1-2 hrs
    • P: 6-8 hrs
    • D: up to 24
  8. Glucotrol
    Diabeta
    Micronase
    Sulfonalureas
  9. Increase insulin from pancreas, inhance insulin receptors on muscle and fat cells
    Decreases hepatic glucose production
    Sulfonalureas
  10. Metformin (Glucophage)
    Biguanides
  11. Prevents inappropriate hepatic glyconeogenesis
    Doesn't stimulate insulin release
    Acts purely on the liver and glucose metabolism
    (works by inhibiting the production and release of glucose from your liver, which means you need less insulin to transport blood sugar into cells, causes less weight gain)
    Biguanides
  12. Most common side effect for sulfonylurea drugs
    • low blood sugar esoecially during the first four months
    • much greater risk of low blood sugar if impaired kidney or liver function
  13. Most common side effect for Biguanides
    • Metallic taste, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, abdominal bloating, pain, gas and diarrhea
    • Less likely if eating with food
    • rare but serious is lactic acidosis- tiredness, weakness, muscle aches, dizziness, and drowsiness
  14. Alpha-Glucosidase
    Precose
  15. Reduce post meal glucose by slowing intestinal digestion and absorption of CHO
    Take before meals
    Prevents the rapid increase of blood sugar
    Alpha-Glucosidase
  16. Thiazolidinedione Antibetic agents: "insulin sensitizers"
    • Actos
    • Avandia
  17. Enhances insulin action
    Promotes glucose utilization in peripheral tissues
    (Make your body tissues more sensitive to insulin and keep you liver from overproducing glucose)
    Thiazolidinedione Antibetic agents
  18. Side effects for actos or avandia
    • swelling
    • weight gain
    • fatigue
    • Liver damage- Make sure to have liver checked every 2 months in first year of therapy
    • Contact doctor if signs of liver damage- N&V, abdominal pain, losss of appetitie, dark urine, jaundice
  19. DDP4 inhibitors
    Januvia
  20. Stimulates release of insulin from working B cells
    Decreases hepatic glucose production
    DDP4 inhibitors

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview